Charles Sumner facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Daguerreotype of Senator Sumner, 1855
|United States Senator
April 24, 1851 – March 11, 1874
|Preceded by||Robert Rantoul, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||William B. Washburn|
January 6, 1811|
Boston, Massachusetts, Massachusetts
|Died||March 11, 1874
|Resting place||Mount Auburn Cemetery
|Political party||Republican (earlier Whig, Free Soil, Democrat)|
Alice Hooper Sumner (m. 1866–1871)(divorced)
Sumner was the leader of the antislavery forces in Massachusetts. He was a leader of the Radical Republicans in the United States Senate during the American Civil War. He worked to destroy the Confederacy, free all the slaves and keep on good terms with Europe. During Reconstruction, he fought to minimize the power of the ex-Confederates and guarantee equal rights to the Freedmen.
In 1856 Sumner made a speech against slavery and the Kansas–Nebraska Act. Sumner attacked many senators about bleeding Kansas and slavery including Senator Stephen A. Douglas and South Carolina's Andrew Butler. The Representative from South Carolina, Preston Brooks (Andrew Butler's nephew), became angry because he attacked his uncle. Brooks grabbed his cane and knocked Sumner onto the Senate floor. Sumner had to stop his political career until he recovered two years later.
Sumner was born on January 6, 1811 in Boston, Massachusetts. He studied at Boston Latin School and at Harvard College. Sumner was married to Alice Hopper from 1866 until they divorced in 1873. They had no children. Sumner died on March 11, 1874 in Washington, D.C. from an heart attack, aged 63.
Images for kids
Birthplace, Irving Street, Beacon Hill, Boston
Senator Sumner and his friend Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, photograph by Gardner, 1863
Sumner ca. 1865, by Brady
President Ulysses S. GrantThe Dominican Republic annexation treaty caused bitter contention between President Grant and Sen. Sumner. —Brady 1869
Charles Sumner House, Boston
Statue by Anne Whitney in Harvard Square
Charles Sumner Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.