kids encyclopedia robot

Port-au-Prince facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Port-au-Prince

(Kréyòl): Pòtoprens
Port-au-Prince from space
Port-au-Prince from space
Coat of arms of Port-au-Prince
Coat of arms
Country Haiti
Département Ouest
Arrondisement Port-au-Prince
Founded 1749
Colonial seat 1770
Elevation
98 m (322 ft)
Population
 (2007)
 • City 1,082,800
 • Metro
1,728,100
 • Demonym
Port-au-Princien
(female Port-au-Princienne)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)

Port-au-Prince (Pòtoprens in Kréyòl) is the capital city of Haiti. Haiti is also divided into ten Départements; Port-au-Prince is the capital of the Ouest Département.

Port-au-Prince is Haiti's largest city. According to the country's 2015 census, over 2.6 million people lived there.

History

Port-au-Prince was built in 1749. At that time, Haiti was a French colony called Saint-Domingue. Before 1770, Cap-Français (now Cap-Haïtien) was the capital of Saint-Domingue. In 1770, Port-au-Prince replaced Cap-Français as the capital of Saint-Domingue.

In 1804, the people of Haiti won the Haitian Revolution, and Haiti became an independent country. Port-au-Prince became the capital of this new country. During the French and Haitian Revolutions, it was called Port-Républicain, before Jean-Jacques Dessalines renamed it Port-au-Prince.

Shortly after it won its independence, Haiti's new leaders divided the country between a kingdom in the north and a republic in the south. Port-au-Prince remained the capital of the republic.

Port-au-Prince today

Port-au-Prince is the cultural centre of Haiti. The State University of Haiti (L'Université d'État d'Haïti, or UEH, in French); are all located in the city.

Port-au-Prince is the nation's largest centre of economy and finance. It has the most important port in the country, where coffee and sugar are exported. Port-au-Prince has soap, textile, and cement factories, and others to process foods.

There is also an international airport about 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) north of the city. It is named Aéroport International Toussaint L'ouverture after national hero Toussaint L'ouverture.


Department capitals of Haiti Flag of Haiti
Cap-HaïtienFort-LibertéGonaïvesHincheJacmelJérémieLes CayesMiragoânePort-au-PrincePort-de-Paix

Images for kids

kids search engine
Port-au-Prince Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.