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Carlton, Oregon
Main Street in Carlton looking west
Main Street in Carlton looking west
A Great Little Town
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Yamhill
Incorporated 1899
 • Total 0.88 sq mi (2.29 km2)
 • Land 0.88 sq mi (2.29 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
198 ft (60.35 m)
 • Total 2,007
 • Estimate 
 • Density 2,473.92/sq mi (954.92/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-11150
GNIS feature ID 1162876

Carlton is a city in Yamhill County, Oregon, United States. The population was 2,007 at the 2010 census.


Dorothea Lange, Farmers who have bought machinery cooperatively, West Carlton, Yamhill County, Oregon, 1939
Dorothea Lange photo of farmers in West Carlton in 1939
Carlton Grain Elevator (Yamhill County, Oregon scenic images) (yamDA0137)
Grain elevator in Carlton
Carlton Oregon 105 W Main street
Carlton State and Savings Bank on Main Street is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The origin of Carlton's name is disputed. An ex-county commissioner claims that the name was derived from Wilson Carl, whereas A. E. Bones, postmaster at Carlton, stated in a 1925 letter that it was named for John Carl, Sr., at the request of R. R. Thompson. These men may have been part of the same family.

Carlton post office was established in 1874, with F. J. Fryer serving as its first postmaster.

Actual history of Carlton, Oregon: Prior to the post office inside the city of Carlton, Wilson Carl, owned the original Post Office, Stagecoach stop, and Blacksmith shop, for the area, about 7 miles West of Carlton, and his home was known as Mountain House. Wilson Carl was the original postmaster. Wilson Carl traveled with Dr. Joel Knight, on the Oregon Trail, to the area, as witnessed in the diary of Amelia Stewart Knight. Wilson Carl negotiated with the railroad in Portland, Oregon, to build closer to his property. Since the original plot was over the mountain West of Carlton, it was a matter of convenience for the railroad to build where it presently is, because negotiating the mountain was not feasible. The population of Carlton expanded to become the city of Carlton, around the railroad. The city is named after Wilson Carl, and, was originally called Carl's town, and, a few other variations of his name were used before the name became Carlton. Wilson Carl began as a pioneer carpenter/builder and shoemaker who became a wealthy land owner, who built a portion of what is now Linfield College, in McMinnville, and was founder of the Republican Party in McMinnville, County Commissioner, and, at one time owned the property that the Yamhill County Courthouse presently sits on. The original post office still exists on his original homestead and plot of land, though it has since been used as a residence for his heirs and is currently unoccupied. There is further information about the name variations used for Carlton, in a former Oregon Blue Book.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.88 square miles (2.28 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 243
1900 145
1910 386 166.2%
1920 552 43.0%
1930 749 35.7%
1940 864 15.4%
1950 1,081 25.1%
1960 959 −11.3%
1970 1,126 17.4%
1980 1,302 15.6%
1990 1,289 −1.0%
2000 1,514 17.5%
2010 2,007 32.6%
2019 (est.) 2,182 8.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,007 people, 702 households, and 541 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,280.7 inhabitants per square mile (880.6/km2). There were 769 housing units at an average density of 873.9 per square mile (337.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.

There were 702 households, of which 43.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 22.9% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 30.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 9.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.


Residents are zoned to the Yamhill Carlton School District, headquartered in Yamhill.

Yamhill-Carlton Elementary School (YCES) is located in Carlton, and Yamhill-Carlton Intermediate School (YCIS) and Yamhill-Carlton High School (YCHS) are in Yamhill.

Notable people

  • Matt Marshall, golfer
  • Peter Broderick, musician

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Carlton (Oregón) para niños

National Hispanic Heritage Month on Kiddle
Influential Hispanic politicians
Maria Elvira Salazar
Veronica Escobar
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
Lucille Roybal-Allard
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