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Centralia, Kansas
Location within Nemaha County and Kansas
Location within Nemaha County and Kansas
KDOT map of Nemaha County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Nemaha
Founded 1859
Incorporated 1882
Area
 • Total 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)
 • Land 0.45 sq mi (1.17 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,273 ft (388 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 512
 • Estimate 
(2019)
525
 • Density 1,156.39/sq mi (446.96/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66415
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-12425
GNIS ID 473214

Centralia is a city in Nemaha County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 512.

History

Centralia was founded in 1859 one mile north of the present town. When a railroad was built through the territory in 1867, Centralia was moved to the site. Centralia was incorporated in 1882. One of the early residents of Centralia was Floyd Perry Baker, a Kansas politician and newspaper editor, who moved there with his family from Andrew County, Missouri around 1860.

Geography

Centralia is located at 39°43′27″N 96°7′52″W / 39.72417°N 96.13111°W / 39.72417; -96.13111 (39.724032, -96.131079). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.47 square miles (1.22 km2), all of it land.

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Centralia has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Centralia, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
6.1
(43)
12.2
(54)
18.9
(66)
23.9
(75)
29.4
(85)
32.2
(90)
31.7
(89)
27.2
(81)
20.6
(69)
11.7
(53)
4.4
(40)
18.3
(65)
Average low °C (°F) -8.9
(16)
-6.7
(20)
-1.1
(30)
5
(41)
10.6
(51)
16.1
(61)
18.9
(66)
17.8
(64)
13.3
(56)
6.7
(44)
-0.6
(31)
-6.7
(20)
5.6
(42)
Precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
28
(1.1)
51
(2)
74
(2.9)
112
(4.4)
130
(5.1)
102
(4)
102
(4)
99
(3.9)
64
(2.5)
43
(1.7)
25
(1)
851
(33.5)
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 289
1890 534 84.8%
1900 655 22.7%
1910 665 1.5%
1920 619 −6.9%
1930 682 10.2%
1940 607 −11.0%
1950 574 −5.4%
1960 527 −8.2%
1970 511 −3.0%
1980 486 −4.9%
1990 452 −7.0%
2000 534 18.1%
2010 512 −4.1%
2019 (est.) 525 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 512 people, 201 households, and 123 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,089.4 inhabitants per square mile (420.6/km2). There were 238 housing units at an average density of 506.4 per square mile (195.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.5% White, 1.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 201 households, of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.8% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 22.8% were from 45 to 64; and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.6% male and 49.4% female.

Notable people

  • Floyd Baker, Kansas politician, lawyer, newspaper editor
  • John Riggins, NFL running back
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