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Nemaha County, Kansas facts for kids

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Coordinates: 39°48′N 96°01′W / 39.8°N 96.017°W / 39.8; -96.017

Nemaha County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Nemaha County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded August 25, 1855
Seat Seneca
Largest City Sabetha
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

719 sq mi (1,862 km²)
717 sq mi (1,857 km²)
2.0 sq mi (5 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

10,178
14/sq mi (5/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Nemaha River

Nemaha County (standard abbreviation: NM) is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 10,178. The county seat is Seneca.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Nemaha County was established.

The first railroad in Nemaha County was built in 1866.

On May 30, 1879, the "Irving, Kansas Tornado" passed through Nemaha county. This tornado measured F4 on the Fujita scale, and had a damage path 800 yards (730 m) wide and 100 miles (160 km) long. Eighteen people were killed and sixty were injured in this tornado.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 719 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 717 square miles (1,860 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,436
1870 7,339 201.3%
1880 12,462 69.8%
1890 19,249 54.5%
1900 20,376 5.9%
1910 19,072 −6.4%
1920 18,487 −3.1%
1930 18,342 −0.8%
1940 16,761 −8.6%
1950 14,341 −14.4%
1960 12,897 −10.1%
1970 11,825 −8.3%
1980 11,211 −5.2%
1990 10,446 −6.8%
2000 10,717 2.6%
2010 10,178 −5.0%
Est. 2015 10,227 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Nemaha County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 10,717 people, 3,959 households, and 2,763 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,340 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.35% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,959 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 5.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,296, and the median income for a family was $41,838. Males had a median income of $28,879 versus $19,340 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,121. About 6.50% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Nemaha Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Nemaha County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Nemaha County is divided into twenty townships. The cities of Sabetha and Seneca are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Adams 00275 213 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°46′38″N 95°57′36″W / 39.77722°N 95.96°W / 39.77722; -95.96
Berwick 06375 391 4 (11) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°57′11″N 95°50′11″W / 39.95306°N 95.83639°W / 39.95306; -95.83639
Capioma 10575 161 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°47′28″N 95°51′18″W / 39.79111°N 95.855°W / 39.79111; -95.855
Center 11900 200 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°46′37″N 96°11′15″W / 39.77694°N 96.1875°W / 39.77694; -96.1875
Clear Creek 13775 123 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°57′27″N 96°10′56″W / 39.9575°N 96.18222°W / 39.9575; -96.18222
Gilman 26275 223 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.19% 39°52′1″N 95°57′14″W / 39.86694°N 95.95389°W / 39.86694; -95.95389
Grenada 27275 122 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°41′23″N 95°51′10″W / 39.68972°N 95.85278°W / 39.68972; -95.85278
Harrison 30375 399 4 (11) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°41′22″N 95°56′55″W / 39.68944°N 95.94861°W / 39.68944; -95.94861
Home 32900 567 6 (16) 91 (35) 3 (1) 3.12% 39°42′36″N 96°9′17″W / 39.71°N 96.15472°W / 39.71; -96.15472
Illinois 33725 453 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°41′13″N 96°3′41″W / 39.68694°N 96.06139°W / 39.68694; -96.06139
Marion 44775 457 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°51′48″N 96°11′32″W / 39.86333°N 96.19222°W / 39.86333; -96.19222
Mitchell 47475 305 3 (9) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°47′25″N 96°3′43″W / 39.79028°N 96.06194°W / 39.79028; -96.06194
Nemaha 49625 184 2 (5) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0% 39°57′4″N 96°3′44″W / 39.95111°N 96.06222°W / 39.95111; -96.06222
Neuchatel 50050 117 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°36′27″N 96°11′25″W / 39.6075°N 96.19028°W / 39.6075; -96.19028
Red Vermillion 58750 137 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°36′17″N 96°4′0″W / 39.60472°N 96.066667°W / 39.60472; -96.066667
Reilly 58900 153 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°36′47″N 95°57′12″W / 39.61306°N 95.95333°W / 39.61306; -95.95333
Richmond 59725 538 6 (16) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0% 39°51′34″N 96°3′49″W / 39.85944°N 96.06361°W / 39.85944; -96.06361
Rock Creek 60600 302 3 (9) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.28% 39°52′32″N 95°50′8″W / 39.87556°N 95.83556°W / 39.87556; -95.83556
Washington 75675 465 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°57′41″N 95°57′44″W / 39.96139°N 95.96222°W / 39.96139; -95.96222
Wetmore 77575 503 5 (14) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°37′35″N 95°49′43″W / 39.62639°N 95.82861°W / 39.62639; -95.82861
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