Brown County, Kansas facts for kids

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Coordinates: 39°48′N 95°35′W / 39.8°N 95.583°W / 39.8; -95.583

Brown County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Brown County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded August 25, 1855
Seat Hiawatha
Largest City Hiawatha
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

572 sq mi (1,481 km²)
571 sq mi (1,479 km²)
1.2 sq mi (3 km²), 0.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

9,984
17/sq mi (7/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Albert Gallatin Brown

Brown County (county code BR) is a county located in the northeast portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 9,984. Its county seat and most populous city is Hiawatha. Brown County is the location of the Kickapoo Indian Reservation of Kansas, the majority of the Sac and Fox Reservation and the majority of the Iowa Reservation of Kansas and Nebraska.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Brown County was founded in 1855, was named for Albert G. Brown.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water. The Wolf River has its source in the county. Brown State Fishing Lake, formerly known as "Brown County State Park" is in the county, 8 miles (13 km) east of Hiawatha.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas, U.S. Census Bureau

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,607
1870 6,823 161.7%
1880 12,817 87.8%
1890 20,319 58.5%
1900 22,369 10.1%
1910 21,314 −4.7%
1920 20,949 −1.7%
1930 20,553 −1.9%
1940 17,395 −15.4%
1950 14,651 −15.8%
1960 13,229 −9.7%
1970 11,685 −11.7%
1980 11,955 2.3%
1990 11,128 −6.9%
2000 10,724 −3.6%
2010 9,984 −6.9%
Est. 2015 9,776 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 10,724 people, 4,318 households, and 2,949 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,815 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.87% White, 1.56% Black or African American, 8.82% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.

There were 4,318 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,971, and the median income for a family was $39,525. Males had a median income of $29,163 versus $19,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,163. About 10.60% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Brown Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Brown County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Brown County is divided into ten townships. The cities of Hiawatha, Horton, and Sabetha are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Hamlin 29725 344 3 (8) 106 (41) 0 (0) 0.18% 39°57′1″N 95°36′40″W / 39.95028°N 95.61111°W / 39.95028; -95.61111
Hiawatha 31700 739 4 (12) 164 (63) 0 (0) 0.18% 39°50′25″N 95°31′59″W / 39.84028°N 95.53306°W / 39.84028; -95.53306
Irving 34500 311 2 (6) 137 (53) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°57′24″N 95°23′36″W / 39.95667°N 95.39333°W / 39.95667; -95.39333
Mission 47200 645 3 (8) 219 (84) 2 (1) 0.73% 39°43′14″N 95°32′12″W / 39.72056°N 95.53667°W / 39.72056; -95.53667
Morrill 48325 Morrill 503 5 (12) 105 (41) 0 (0) 0.24% 39°56′23″N 95°43′20″W / 39.93972°N 95.72222°W / 39.93972; -95.72222
Padonia 54025 259 2 (6) 107 (41) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°57′2″N 95°31′4″W / 39.95056°N 95.51778°W / 39.95056; -95.51778
Powhattan 57375 874 4 (10) 232 (90) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°43′49″N 95°41′59″W / 39.73028°N 95.69972°W / 39.73028; -95.69972
Robinson 60350 Robinson 452 4 (10) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.25% 39°48′29″N 95°23′49″W / 39.80806°N 95.39694°W / 39.80806; -95.39694
Walnut 74875 Fairview 665 4 (11) 161 (62) 1 (0) 0.46% 39°50′53″N 95°42′27″W / 39.84806°N 95.7075°W / 39.84806; -95.7075
Washington 75525 Everest 541 5 (12) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.17% 39°41′43″N 95°24′41″W / 39.69528°N 95.41139°W / 39.69528; -95.41139
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.

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