Doniphan County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 39°48′N 95°07′W / 39.8°N 95.117°W / 39.8; -95.117

Doniphan County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Doniphan County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded August 25, 1855
Seat Troy
Largest City Wathena
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

398 sq mi (1,031 km²)
393 sq mi (1,018 km²)
4.9 sq mi (13 km²), 1.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

7,945
20/sq mi (8/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Alexander William Doniphan

Doniphan County (county code DP) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 7,945. Its county seat is Troy, and its most populous city is Wathena.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Doniphan County was established on August 25, 1855, then organized on September 18, 1855. It is named for the U.S. cavalry commander Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan (1808–1887) of Liberty, Missouri, who played an important part in the Mexican-American War. He was a zealous partisan in the failed effort made to extend slavery into Kansas.

Geography

Doniphan County is located in the northeastern corner of the state—it is bordered by Nebraska to the north and Missouri to the east. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 398 square miles (1,030 km2), of which 393 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (1.2%) is water. It is the third-smallest county in Kansas by land area and second-smallest by total area.

Geographic features

The Missouri River defines the border in the north and east. Eight barge lines travel the river, and a Port Authority is located across the river in Saint Joseph, Missouri. The river provides much of the water for the eastern part of the county. Interior cities, such as Troy and Highland, receive their water from underground wells. The Wolf River flows through western portions of the county and north into the Missouri River.

Major highways

The only major highway serving the county is U.S. Highway 36, an east/west route traveling through St. Joseph. Troy, Elwood, and Wathena lie along this route. Kansas state highways K-7, K-20, K-120, K-136, K-137, and K-238 serve other areas of the county. K-7 has been designated a scenic byway. (See the map below.)

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 8,083
1870 13,969 72.8%
1880 14,257 2.1%
1890 13,535 −5.1%
1900 15,079 11.4%
1910 14,422 −4.4%
1920 13,438 −6.8%
1930 14,063 4.7%
1940 12,936 −8.0%
1950 10,499 −18.8%
1960 9,574 −8.8%
1970 9,107 −4.9%
1980 9,268 1.8%
1990 8,134 −12.2%
2000 8,249 1.4%
2010 7,945 −3.7%
Est. 2015 7,797 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

Doniphan County is included in the St. Joseph, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS Combined Statistical Area.

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 8,249 people, 3,173 households, and 2,183 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 3,489 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.85% White, 2.00% Black or African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population.

There were 3,173 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,537, and the median income for a family was $39,357. Males had a median income of $28,096 versus $19,721 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,849. About 9.00% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Doniphan Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Doniphan County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

Doniphan County is divided into nine mostly rural townships. The three townships with the greatest population lie along U.S. Highway 36. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the township include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Burr Oak 09500 153 2 (5) 81 (31) 2 (1) 2.73% 39°51′17″N 94°58′19″W / 39.85472°N 94.97194°W / 39.85472; -94.97194
Center 11700 Troy 1,743 11 (28) 162 (63) 2 (1) 1.31% 39°47′35″N 95°5′30″W / 39.79306°N 95.09167°W / 39.79306; -95.09167
Independence 33850 342 4 (9) 96 (37) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°42′13″N 95°11′8″W / 39.70361°N 95.18556°W / 39.70361; -95.18556
Iowa 34400 Highland 1,694 8 (20) 216 (83) 2 (1) 1.05% 39°53′12″N 95°15′3″W / 39.88667°N 95.25083°W / 39.88667; -95.25083
Marion 44675 226 5 (13) 45 (17) 1 (1) 2.84% 39°43′29″N 94°59′43″W / 39.72472°N 94.99528°W / 39.72472; -94.99528
Union 72125 360 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°42′14″N 95°16′27″W / 39.70389°N 95.27417°W / 39.70389; -95.27417
Washington 75600 Wathena,
Elwood
3,066 36 (94) 85 (33) 4 (1) 4.30% 39°45′39″N 94°55′38″W / 39.76083°N 94.92722°W / 39.76083; -94.92722
Wayne 76100 226 2 (6) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.73% 39°40′56″N 95°4′57″W / 39.68222°N 95.0825°W / 39.68222; -95.0825
Wolf River 80275 439 3 (8) 145 (56) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°46′54″N 95°14′26″W / 39.78167°N 95.24056°W / 39.78167; -95.24056
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.

Points of interest

  • Native American Heritage Museum, 2 miles east of Highland : Originally a Presbyterian Mission built in 1845 to educate Iowa and Missouri Sac and Fox children, the museum was rehabilitated to showcase the arts and history of the emigrant tribes in northeastern Kansas. (Web site)
  • Nelson Rodgers House, in Troy : Built in 1856, this 1+12-story center-gable house constructed of hand-hewn timbers is the first and oldest remaining house in Troy.
  • Four-state Lookout, in White Cloud : This viewing platform provides a panoramic view of the Missouri River valley, including Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and (possibly) Iowa.
  • Townsite of Old Doniphan : On July 4, 1804 the Lewis and Clark Expedition camped near an uninhabited Kanza Indian village on Independence Creek. The former town of Doniphan was established in the vicinity of the campsite.

Doniphan County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.