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Charles L. Shrewsbury House facts for kids

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Charles L. Shrewsbury House
Shrewsbury-Windle House, Madison, IN (48517181551).jpg
Principal Facade
Charles L. Shrewsbury House is located in Indiana
Charles L. Shrewsbury House
Location in Indiana
Charles L. Shrewsbury House is located in the United States
Charles L. Shrewsbury House
Location in the United States
Location 301 W. 1st St., Madison, Indiana
Area less than one acre
Architect Francis Costigan
Architectural style Greek Revival
Part of Madison Historic District (ID73000020)
NRHP reference No. 94001190
Quick facts for kids
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 19, 1994
Designated NHL April 19, 1994
Designated NHLDCP May 25, 1973

The Charles L. Shrewsbury House (also known as the Shrewsbury–Windle House) is a historic house museum located at 301 West First Street in Madison, Indiana. Built in 1842 to a design by Francis Costigan, it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1994 for its fine Classical Revival architecture. It is located in the Madison Historic District.


The Charles Shrewsbury House, also known as the Shrewsbury–Windle House, is the 1848 Greek Revival home of Charles Shrewsbury, a salt-barge riverboat captain, flour manufacturer and pork merchant. Shrewsbury was also the mayor of Madison. The house was designed by Francis Costigan. The Shrewsbury house is a two-story brick building, with a symmetrical 3-bay facade and stone trim details. The building corners feature brick pilasters rising to stone capitals, supporting an entablature punctuated by small attic-level windows. The interior has twelve rooms, thirteen fireplaces and a fifty-three step spiral staircase. The floor to ceiling windows are thirteen feet tall. A man on horseback could easily step through the enormous front and rear doors, which are twelve feet in height.

Architectural historians have ranked the house's free-standing spiral staircase as the most impressive part of the interior. Built of pine stairs and cherry railings, the staircase ascends from the middle of the house, supporting its own weight. Aside from allowing access to the second floor, the staircase helps to cool the house: hot air from the first floor can rise through the stairwell and leave the house through the attic windows.

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