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List of National Historic Landmarks in Indiana facts for kids

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The National Historic Landmarks in Indiana represent Indiana's history from the Native American era to its early European settlers and motor racing. There are 42 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in the state, which are located in 23 of its 92 counties. They illustrate the state's industrial and architectural heritage, as well as battles, circuses, education, and several other topics. One of the NHLs in the state has military significance, fourteen are significant examples of different architectural styles, nine are associated with significant historical figures, and one is an archaeological site. Two NHL properties, both ships that were formerly located in Indiana, were later moved to another state.

The National Historic Landmark Program is administered by the National Park Service, a branch of the Department of the Interior. The National Park Service determines which properties meet NHL criteria and makes nomination recommendations after an owner notification process. The Secretary of the Interior reviews nominations and, based on a set of predetermined criteria, makes a decision on NHL designation or a determination of eligibility for designation. Both public and privately owned properties can be designated as NHLs. This designation provides indirect, partial protection of the historic integrity of the properties via tax incentives, grants, monitoring of threats, and other means. Owners may object to the nomination of the property as a NHL. When this is the case the Secretary of the Interior can only designate a site as eligible for designation.

All NHLs are also included on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), a list of historic properties that the National Park Service deems to be worthy of preservation. The primary difference between a NHL and a NRHP listing is that the NHLs are determined to have national significance, while other NRHP properties are deemed significant at the local or state level. The NHLs in Indiana comprise approximately 2% of the 1,656 properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Indiana as of December 2009. The landmarks are among the most important nationally recognized historic sites in the state; the George Rogers Clark National Historical Park is one other site that has high designation by the Federal government.

Marion County, the location of the state capital Indianapolis, has the most NHLs, with ten, followed by Bartholomew County with seven and Jefferson County with four. Twenty counties have one, while the other 69 counties of Indiana have none. Indiana's first NHL was designated on October 9, 1960. Architects who designed multiple Indiana NHLs are Francis Costigan, William Dentzel, and Eero Saarinen.

Eight Historic Landmarks in Indiana are more specifically designated National Historic Landmark Districts, meaning that they cover a large area rather than a single building. The Lanier Mansion and Charles L. Shrewsbury House are within the boundaries of the Madison Historic District.


National Historic Landmark
dagger National Historic Landmark District
Hash-tag National Memorial and National Historic Landmark

National Historical Landmarks

Landmark name Image Date designated Location County Description
1 Akima Pinšiwa Awiiki (Chief Jean-Baptiste de Richardville House)
Photograph of the front of the house
March 2, 2012
Fort Wayne
41°01′53″N 85°09′52″W / 41.0314°N 85.1644°W / 41.0314; -85.1644 (Akima Pinšiwa Awiiki (Chief Jean-Baptiste de Richardville House))
Allen This house is a rare surviving example of a treaty house. Built as part of the terms of the 1826 Treaty of Mississinwas between the Miami and the United States, it is associated with Pinšiwa, the akima (civil chief) of the Miami.
2 Allen County Courthouse
Angle view of large white limestone building with tall rotunda
July 31, 2003
Fort Wayne
41°04′47″N 85°08′22″W / 41.0797°N 85.1394°W / 41.0797; -85.1394 (Allen County Courthouse)
Allen A Beaux-Arts-style building that was built in 1902, the Allen County Courthouse is a unique combination of fine art, sculpture, and architecture.
3 Angel Mounds
Earthy mud square building sitting atop an earthen mound
January 29, 1964
37°56′31″N 87°27′19″W / 37.9419°N 87.4553°W / 37.9419; -87.4553 (Angel Mounds)
Warrick, Vanderburgh From AD 1000 to 1600, a town on this site was home to people of the Middle Mississippian culture. They built many mounds at this 100-acre (0.40 km2) community.
4 Athenæum (Das Deutsche Haus)
Front and side of the Athenæum (Das Deutsche Haus)
October 31, 2016
39°46′24″N 86°09′01″W / 39.773333°N 86.150278°W / 39.773333; -86.150278 (Athenæum (Das Deutsche Haus))
Marion Home of the Normal College of the North American Gymnastic Union for 63 years and the nation’s oldest, continuously active school of physical education.
5National Historic Landmark District Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Facility
Front of red brick building with main entrance and trees
April 5, 2005
41°21′21″N 85°03′25″W / 41.3558°N 85.057°W / 41.3558; -85.057 (Auburn Cord Duesenberg Automobile Facility)
DeKalb The three buildings of the Auburn, Cord, and Duesenberg automobile manufacturing facility represent different stages in automotive development and construction. It is one of the few remaining automobile companies that made hand-assembled rather than mass-produced automobiles. The site includes the Art Deco showroom and administration building, service and new parts department building, and the Cord L-29 building.
6National Historic Landmark District Joseph Bailly Homestead
Free-standing white house with porch on left and red chimney
December 29, 1962
41°37′23″N 87°05′39″W / 41.6231°N 87.0942°W / 41.6231; -87.0942 (Joseph Bailly Homestead)
Porter Joseph Bailly acquired the Homestead and surrounding lands in 1822 when the Calumet was opened to white settlement. He established a trading post that was a meeting place for both Indians and whites and a stopping place for travelers and missionaries. It is now at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore.
7 Broad Ripple Park Carousel
Brightly lit carousel with animals
February 27, 1987
39°48′39″N 86°09′25″W / 39.8108°N 86.15708°W / 39.8108; -86.15708 (Broad Ripple Park Carousel)
Marion Originally located at Broad Ripple Village, this carousel was brought to Indiana in 1917 and is one of three surviving Dentzel menagerie carousels. Its animals predate 1900 and it is now housed in The Children's Museum of Indianapolis.
8 Duck Creek Aqueduct
Duck Creek Aqueduct
August 25, 2014
Spanning Duck Creek at Whitewater Canal
39°26′46″N 85°07′48″W / 39.4462°N 85.13°W / 39.4462; -85.13 (Duck Creek Aqueduct)
Franklin Built in 1846, this is the only surviving covered bridge aqueduct in the United States.
9 Butler Fieldhouse
Exterior of a large arena with a semicircular roof curving over the building
February 27, 1987
39°50′36″N 86°10′02″W / 39.84342°N 86.1673°W / 39.84342; -86.1673 (Butler Fieldhouse)
Marion Located at Butler University and now called Hinkle Fieldhouse, it is the sixth-oldest basketball arena still used and was once the largest in the United States. It hosted the Indiana high school basketball tournament until 1971.
10 Cannelton Cotton Mill
Large old four-story building that is gray-brown with double chimney on left
July 17, 1991
37°54′41″N 86°44′44″W / 37.91130555555556°N 86.74563888888889°W / 37.91130555555556; -86.74563888888889 (Cannelton Cotton Mill)
Perry The Cannelton mill, overlooking the Ohio River, manufactured thread and cloth for over 100 years from 1851 to 1954. Its innovative design used steam power and Southern cotton, and its utility and aesthetics attempted to make Southern Indiana an industrial center.
11 Levi Coffin House
Small rectangular red brick house with white roof and many windows
June 23, 1965
Fountain City
39°57′23″N 84°55′03″W / 39.956250000000004°N 84.91736111111112°W / 39.956250000000004; -84.91736111111112 (Levi Coffin House)
Wayne Levi Coffin lived in this house from 1827 to 1847, where he helped as many as 2,000 slaves escape to freedom. The house was known as the Union Depot of the Underground Railroad, and it contained secret doors that could hide fugitives.
12 Eugene V. Debs Home
White house with porch in front of large modern buildings
November 13, 1966
Terre Haute
39°28′18″N 87°24′20″W / 39.47166666666667°N 87.40555555555557°W / 39.47166666666667; -87.40555555555557 (Eugene V. Debs Home)
Vigo Eugene V. Debs, founder of Industrial Workers of the World and the American Railway Union, lived in this home from its construction in 1890 until his death in 1926. He ran as a Socialist candidate in the 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, and 1920 United States presidential elections.
13 Eleutherian College Classroom and Chapel Building
Three story gray rectangular building on a grassy hill
February 18, 1997
38°49′51″N 85°30′59″W / 38.83083333333334°N 85.51638888888888°W / 38.83083333333334; -85.51638888888888 (Eleutherian College Classroom and Chapel Building)
Jefferson Founded in 1848 by abolitionist Baptist Church members, Eleutherian College was the first college in Indiana to admit students regardless of race or gender. The Chapel building was completed in 1854 and is the last structure remaining.
14 First Baptist Church
Red brick church with triangular facade and tall, sloping roof
May 16, 2000
39°14′01″N 85°52′20″W / 39.23361111111111°N 85.87222222222222°W / 39.23361111111111; -85.87222222222222 (First Baptist Church)
Bartholomew Completed in 1965, the First Baptist Church is an example of modern architecture in Columbus. It was designed by architect Harry Weese.
15 First Christian Church
Rectangualr building with large cross and many square on front next to a tall clock tower
January 3, 2001
39°12′11″N 85°55′08″W / 39.20305555555556°N 85.91888888888889°W / 39.20305555555556; -85.91888888888889 (First Christian Church)
Bartholomew Designed by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen in 1942, the First Christian Church was one of the first modern-style churches in America.
16 Thomas Gaff House (Hillforest)
House with a round protruding porch with white columns and red-white-blue banners; red leaves in foreground
October 5, 1992
39°03′14″N 84°54′06″W / 39.053888888888885°N 84.90166666666667°W / 39.053888888888885; -84.90166666666667 (Thomas Gaff House (Hillforest))
Dearborn Located above the Ohio River, Hillforest was built in 1855 in the Italian Renaissance architectural style. Designed by Isaiah Rogers, its full-width frontal porch is reminiscent of a steamboat's deck.
17 Grouseland
Large red brick home with two-story columned white porch
December 19, 1960
38°41′08″N 87°31′34″W / 38.68555555555555°N 87.5261111111111°W / 38.68555555555555; -87.5261111111111 (Grouseland)
Knox Grouseland was the home of William Henry Harrison from 1804 to 1812, while he was Governor of the Indiana Territory. He held conferences there with Native Americans, including Shawnee leader Tecumseh. Harrison later became the 9th President, serving one month in 1841.
18 Benjamin Harrison Home
Red brick home with ornate white overhang supports, red-white-blue banners, and columned white porch
January 29, 1964
39°47′02″N 86°09′15″W / 39.78388888888889°N 86.15416666666667°W / 39.78388888888889; -86.15416666666667 (Benjamin Harrison Home)
Marion Benjamin Harrison lived in this Italianate house from 1875 until his death there in 1901, except from 1889 to 1893 while he was the 23rd President. He was also a Senator from Indiana from 1881 to 1887. Harrison accepted the Republican nomination for the Presidential election in 1888 and conducted his Front Porch Campaign here.
19National Historic Landmark District Indiana War Memorial Plaza
Aerial view of square white limestone building with pyramidal roof on a plaza; before it is a black obelisk with a golden capstone at the center of a circle
October 11, 1994
39°46′25″N 86°09′25″W / 39.7736°N 86.1569°W / 39.7736; -86.1569 (Indiana War Memorial Plaza)
Marion The Indiana World War Memorial, begun in 1926 and finished in 1965, is a building commemorating World War I and II veterans. It is 210 feet (64 m) tall, made of Indiana limestone, and based on the Mausoleum of Mausolus. Within it is a military museum. The Plaza also includes the American Legion headquarters, Cenotaph square, an obelisk, and fountains. Originally "Indiana World War Memorial Plaza Historic District", it was enlarged and renamed in December 2016.
20 Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Aerial view of a rounded rectangular raceway that is partially surrounded by grandstands; within the racetrack is a pagoda and golf course
February 27, 1987
39°47′46″N 86°14′05″W / 39.796°N 86.2347°W / 39.796; -86.2347 (Indianapolis Motor Speedway)
Marion The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is home to the Indianapolis 500, first held in 1911. The track, built in 1909, is the world's oldest continuously operating automobile race course. The 500 is the largest single-day sporting event in the world in terms of attendance, and with seating of over 250,000, it is also the world's largest sporting facility.
21 Irwin Union Bank and Trust
One-story building with spherical protrusions from the roof; leafless trees are in front of it
May 16, 2000
39°12′13″N 85°55′17″W / 39.203611111111115°N 85.9213888888889°W / 39.203611111111115; -85.9213888888889 (Irwin Union Bank and Trust)
Bartholomew Designed by Eero Saarinen in 1954, the Irwin Bank is meant to be welcoming, being the first open bank with glass walls. It has a Miesian glass pavilion and influenced subsequent bank designs.
22 Lanier Mansion
Red mansion with a wing on the left and a grassy lawn in front
April 19, 1994
38°44′06″N 85°23′14″W / 38.735°N 85.38722222222223°W / 38.735; -85.38722222222223 (Lanier Mansion)
Jefferson Banker and international financier James Lanier lived in this home, built in the early 1840s, for seven years. It is an example of Greek Revival style from architect Francis Costigan and is now a museum.
23National Memorial Lincoln Boyhood Home
Log cabin in the shadows of trees with a split-rail fence in the foreground
December 19, 1960
Lincoln City
38°07′13″N 86°59′49″W / 38.12027777777778°N 86.99694444444445°W / 38.12027777777778; -86.99694444444445 (Lincoln Boyhood Home)
Spencer The 16th US President Abraham Lincoln grew up here from 1816 to 1830. The site features the foundation of the original cabin, a replica farm house, the gravesite of Lincoln's mother Nancy Hanks Lincoln, and a memorial building.
24National Historic Landmark District Madison Historic District
Red courthouse with white columns and a tall cupola
March 20, 2006
38°44′32″N 85°22′38″W / 38.742222222222225°N 85.37722222222222°W / 38.742222222222225; -85.37722222222222 (Madison Historic District)
Jefferson The Madison Historic District showcases architecture from 1817 to 1939, having many buildings in Federal, Greek Revival and Italianate styles. Infrastructure and houses remain from the 19th century, related to leaders of the Underground Railroad.
25 Mabel McDowell Elementary School
One-story building with large windows covered by white blinds and a red grid-like overhang
January 3, 2001
39°12′07″N 85°53′31″W / 39.20194444444445°N 85.89194444444445°W / 39.20194444444445; -85.89194444444445 (Mabel McDowell Elementary School)
Bartholomew Architect John Carl Warnecke designed this contextual work as part of the movement to improve the quality of life in Columbus through outstanding architecture. This school in the modern style contains five separate one-story buildings linked by landscaped courtyards and covered walkways. Four classroom buildings flank the central hub which contains the cafeteria and administration spaces. It has been converted to an adult education center.
26 Miller House
Miller House
May 16, 2000
39°13′38″N 85°55′23″W / 39.227222222222224°N 85.92305555555556°W / 39.227222222222224; -85.92305555555556 (Miller House)
Bartholomew Associated with Cummins founder J. Irwin Miller, the Miller House is a work of Eero Saarinen representing International style. The building is integrated with the modern landscape of Dan Kiley.
27National Historic Landmark District New Harmony Historic District
A two-story and a three-story red brick house by a street
June 23, 1965
New Harmony
38°07′48″N 87°56′08″W / 38.13°N 87.93555555555555°W / 38.13; -87.93555555555555 (New Harmony Historic District)
Posey New Harmony was founded in 1815 by Rappites, and in 1825 Robert Owen attempted to create a utopian society. Many original Harmony Society buildings remain.
28 North Christian Church
Hexagonal gray-roofed building with a spire about twice as tall as the building itself
May 16, 2000
39°13′48″N 85°54′58″W / 39.230000000000004°N 85.91611111111112°W / 39.230000000000004; -85.91611111111112 (North Christian Church)
Bartholomew Completed in 1964, this was designed by Finnish architect Eero Saarinen. It has a hexagonal shape with an elevated hexagonal sanctuary in the center and pews surrounding the altar. From the roof rises a 192-foot (59 m) spire and cross, which represents Christianity arising from Judaism.
29National Historic Landmark District Oldfields (J. K. Lilly House)
White mansion with four chimneys, trees lining the front, and many windows
July 31, 2003
39°49′42″N 86°11′08″W / 39.82833333333333°N 86.18541666666667°W / 39.82833333333333; -86.18541666666667 (Oldfields (J. K. Lilly House))
Marion On the grounds of the Indianapolis Museum of Art, Oldfields is a 26-acre (110,000 m2) estate. The 22-room mansion was the home of philanthropist and businessman Josiah K. Lilly, Jr. and was designed by Olmsted Brothers.
30 The Republic
The Republic
October 16, 2012
39°11′59″N 85°55′18″W / 39.19972222222222°N 85.92166666666667°W / 39.19972222222222; -85.92166666666667 (The Republic)
Bartholomew Myron Goldsmith of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill designed this newspaper publishing house. It is the youngest architectural National Historic Landmark ever designated.
31 James Whitcomb Riley House
Red brick two-story house with a second-story balcony, stair leading up to the entrance coved by a striped awning, tall narrow windows, and small fence in front
December 29, 1962
39°46′20″N 86°08′52″W / 39.77222222222222°N 86.14777777777779°W / 39.77222222222222; -86.14777777777779 (James Whitcomb Riley House)
Marion Located in the Lockerbie Square Historic District, this Victorian style building was home to Hoosier Poet James Whitcomb Riley for 23 years.
32 Charles Shrewsbury House
A brick house with a pillared entrance highlighted by the sun
April 19, 1994
38°44′05″N 85°22′58″W / 38.734722222222224°N 85.38277777777778°W / 38.734722222222224; -85.38277777777778 (Charles Shrewsbury House)
Jefferson Francis Costigan designed this Classical Revival house for merchant Charles L. Shrewsbury. It was completed in 1849 and is an example of Regency architecture.
33 Spencer Park Dentzel Carousel
Spencer Park Dentzel Carousel
February 27, 1987
40°45′34″N 86°21′20″W / 40.75944444444445°N 86.35555555555555°W / 40.75944444444445; -86.35555555555555 (Spencer Park Dentzel Carousel)
Cass This is one of three remaining Dentzel menagerie carousels in good condition. It is also called the Riverside Park Carousel.
34 Clement Studebaker House
Side view of a stone mansion with a dark roof, four visible chimneys, and a drive-though arch
December 22, 1977
South Bend
41°40′35″N 86°15′28″W / 41.67638888888889°N 86.25777777777778°W / 41.67638888888889; -86.25777777777778 (Clement Studebaker House)
St. Joseph Carriagemaker and founder of H & C Studebaker Company Clement Studebaker lived here from 1889 until his death in 1901. In the 1890s the company was the world's largest producer of horse-drawn vehicles. It later converted into an automobile manufacturer. The mansion was named Tippecanoe Place and has been turned into a restaurant.
35 Tippecanoe Battlefield
White monumental obelisk in the trees
October 9, 1960
Battle Ground
40°28′08″N 86°50′43″W / 40.46888888888889°N 86.84527777777777°W / 40.46888888888889; -86.84527777777777 (Tippecanoe Battlefield)
Tippecanoe In the Battle of Tippecanoe on November 7, 1811, Indiana Territory Governor William Henry Harrison and his force of 1,000 men defeated the Shawnee and their leader Tenskwatawa.
36 Samara (John E Christian House)
Samara (John E Christian House) Entrance
February 27, 2015
West Lafayette
40°26′19″N 86°54′59″W / 40.438556°N 86.916526°W / 40.438556; -86.916526 (Samara (John E Christian House))
Tippecanoe Completed in 1956, Samara is an outstanding and mature example of a Usonian house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright during his late period (1941-59). It is a remarkably complete Usonian design, incorporating more than 40 Wrightian design elements, including character-defining Usonian features such as modular design, indoor-outdoor connections, slab floor construction, flat roofs, and open-plan public spaces conducive to simple living for average middle-class families.
37 Wallace Circus Winter Headquarters
Two white wooden barns and a red wooden rail car
February 27, 1987
40°45′16″N 86°01′11″W / 40.754445°N 86.01972°W / 40.754445; -86.01972 (Wallace Circus Winter Headquarters)
Miami This building was used by the Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus, the American Circus Corporation and the Ringling Brothers Circus as a winter headquarters. It is now the Circus Hall of Fame and has many artifacts from classic circuses.
38 General Lew Wallace Study
Small red brick building with a green domed roof and flags of the US and Indiana in the foreground
May 11, 1976
40°02′26″N 86°53′40″W / 40.04055555555556°N 86.89444444444445°W / 40.04055555555556; -86.89444444444445 (General Lew Wallace Study)
Montgomery Lew Wallace was a Civil War general, governor of the New Mexico Territory, and minister to the Ottoman Empire, and he is best known for writing Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ. He used this building as his study from 1895 until his death in 1905. Wallace designed it himself, and it is now a museum.
39 Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company
Flatiron-shaped brick building with "Walker Theatre" in large red letters
July 17, 1991
39°46′33″N 86°10′01″W / 39.77583333333333°N 86.16694444444445°W / 39.77583333333333; -86.16694444444445 (Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company)
Marion Madam C. J. Walker founded a manufacturing company that produced hair care products and cosmetics for Black women, and it was the most successful Black business for years. Finished in 1927, the building also served as a community cultural center. It has since been restored and hosts many performing arts and educational programs.
40 Marie Webster House
House with dormer windows and two brick chimneys
November 4, 1993
40°33′09″N 85°39′36″W / 40.552499999999995°N 85.66000000000001°W / 40.552499999999995; -85.66000000000001 (Marie Webster House)
Grant This was the home of quilter Marie Webster, who wrote Quilts: Their History and How to Make Them. It is now the home of the Quilters Hall of Fame.
41 West Baden Springs Hotel
Interior of a domed atrium surrounded by hotel rooms and tall columns with light coming in through blue windows
February 27, 1987
West Baden Springs
38°34′02″N 86°37′05″W / 38.56722°N 86.61805°W / 38.56722; -86.61805 (West Baden Springs Hotel)
Orange West Baden Springs has many natural mineral water springs. This hotel was built in 1902, and its 200-foot (61 m) glass dome was once the largest dome in the world.
42 West Union Covered Bridge
Covered Bridge
December 23, 2016
39°51′18″N 87°20′09″W / 39.85493°N 87.33576°W / 39.85493; -87.33576 (West Union Covered Bridge)
Parke One of the nation's best-preserved examples of a 19th-century Burr Truss covered bridge.

National Historic Landmarks formerly in Indiana

Landmark name Image Date listed Locality County Description
1 Donald B (Towboat) Black-and-white photo of long towboat on the water December 20, 1989 Bellaire Belmont The Donald B. was built in 1923 and is the only 1920s unchanged diesel sternwheel towboat left in the United States. It still operates towing barges in the Ohio River. After years of being located near Vevay in Switzerland County, its home port was moved to Bellaire, Ohio in 2012.
2 Milwaukee Clipper (Passenger Steamship) Starboard side of a gray-white boat with two lifeboats, four decks, and a small smokestack docked on a pier April 11, 1989 Muskegon Muskegon The Milwaukee Clipper was a museum ship at Navy Pier in Chicago, Illinois when declared an NHL. In 1990 it was moved to Hammond, Indiana and in 1997 moved to Muskegon, Michigan.
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