Miami County, Indiana facts for kids

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Miami County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Miami County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1834
Seat Peru
Largest City Peru
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

377.39 sq mi (977 km²)
373.84 sq mi (968 km²)
3.55 sq mi (9 km²), 0.94%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

36,903
98/sq mi (37.93/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.MiamiCountyIN.gov
Named for: Miami tribe
Indiana county number 52

Miami County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 36,903. The county seat is Peru.

History

Indiana became a state on December 11, 1816, after being Indiana territory for sixteen years. Originally, Indiana was part of the Northwest Territory, which was made up of land gained by the British after the French and Indian War and organized into a territory after the American Revolution. It was after the revolution that settlement in the area by Europeans really began. Knox territory was created in 1790 and included all of present-day Indiana and areas of Illinois. Ancestry’s Red Book notes that jurisdiction in Knox territory changed due to Indian uprisings in the area from 1790-1810. In 1800, Indiana became the name of a territory. Parts Michigan and Illinois both broke away from the territory before it became a state in 1816.

Miami County was formed in 1832 from Cass County and unorganized land. It was named for the Miami, a Native American people, many of whom still live in this area. In 1834, Miami County widened its western border taking some area from Cass County. In 1838 a small portion of unorganized territory was added to the northeastern border, but in 1844 that area was lost to Fulton County. Miami County has been its present shape since 1844.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 377.39 square miles (977.4 km2), of which 373.84 square miles (968.2 km2) (or 99.06%) is land and 3.55 square miles (9.2 km2) (or 0.94%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 24.svg U.S. Route 24
  • US 31.svg U.S. Route 31
  • Indiana 16.svg State Road 16
  • Indiana 18.svg State Road 18
  • Indiana 19.svg State Road 19
  • Indiana 124.svg State Road 124
  • Indiana 218.svg State Road 218

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

Extinct

Townships

  • Allen Township
  • Butler Township
  • Clay Township
  • Deer Creek Township
  • Erie Township
  • Harrison Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Jefferson Township
  • Perry Township
  • Peru Township
  • Pipe Creek Township
  • Richland Township
  • Union Township
  • Washington Township

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Peru, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
31
14
 
 
1.9
 
36
17
 
 
2.7
 
47
27
 
 
3.5
 
60
37
 
 
4.1
 
71
48
 
 
4.2
 
80
58
 
 
4.1
 
83
61
 
 
4
 
81
59
 
 
3.2
 
75
51
 
 
2.8
 
63
40
 
 
3.1
 
49
31
 
 
2.7
 
36
20
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Peru have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.89 inches (48 mm) in February to 4.23 inches (107 mm) in June.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 3,048
1850 11,304 270.9%
1860 16,851 49.1%
1870 21,052 24.9%
1880 24,083 14.4%
1890 25,823 7.2%
1900 28,344 9.8%
1910 29,350 3.5%
1920 28,668 −2.3%
1930 29,032 1.3%
1940 27,926 −3.8%
1950 28,201 1.0%
1960 38,000 34.7%
1970 39,246 3.3%
1980 39,820 1.5%
1990 36,897 −7.3%
2000 36,082 −2.2%
2010 36,903 2.3%
Est. 2015 35,862 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,903 people, 13,456 households, and 9,330 families residing in the county. The population density was 98.7 inhabitants per square mile (38.1/km2). There were 15,479 housing units at an average density of 41.4 per square mile (16.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.8% white, 4.5% black or African American, 0.9% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.2% were German, 17.3% were American, 12.0% were Irish, and 8.4% were English.

Of the 13,456 households, 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were non-families, and 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 39.5 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $49,282. Males had a median income of $40,038 versus $26,011 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,854. About 13.0% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.6% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.


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