Allen County, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts


Allen County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Allen County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded April 1, 1824
Seat Fort Wayne
Largest City Fort Wayne
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

660.02 sq mi (1,709 km²)
657.31 sq mi (1,702 km²)
2.71 sq mi (7 km²), 0.41%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

355,329
541/sq mi (208.73/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.allen.in.us
Named for: John Allen
  • Indiana county number 2
  • Largest county in Indiana by area
  • Third largest county in Indiana by population

Allen County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 355,329, making it the third-most populous county in Indiana. The county seat and largest city is Fort Wayne, Indiana.

Allen County is included in the Fort Wayne Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Fort WayneHuntingtonAuburn Combined Statistical Area. Allen County is the cultural and economic center of northeastern Indiana. The county is within a 200-mile (320 km) radius of major population centers, including Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Detroit, Indianapolis, Louisville, Milwaukee, and Ontario, Canada, and within a one-day drive of one-third of the U.S. population and one-fifth of Canadians.

Occupied for thousands of years by cultures of indigenous peoples, Allen County was organized by European Americans on December 17, 1823, from Delaware and Randolph counties; and formed April 1, 1824. The county is named for Colonel John Allen, an attorney and Kentucky state senator who was killed in the War of 1812. Fort Wayne, founded at the confluences of the Maumee, St. Joseph, and St. Marys rivers, was chosen as the county seat in May 1824.

Geography

US-IN-Allen County Townships
Allen County townships.

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 660.02 square miles (1,709.4 km2), the largest county in Indiana, of which 657.31 square miles (1,702.4 km2) (or 99.59%) is land and 2.71 square miles (7.0 km2) (or 0.41%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Municipalities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Extinct

  • Academie
  • Centreville
  • East Liberty
  • Fairport
  • Lewisburg
  • Massillon
  • Middletown
  • Thurman
  • Wallen
  • Waynedale

Townships

  • Aboite Township
  • Adams Township
  • Cedar Creek Township
  • Eel River Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Jefferson Township
  • Lafayette Township
  • Lake Township
  • Madison Township
  • Marion Township
  • Maumee Township
  • Milan Township
  • Monroe Township
  • Perry Township
  • Pleasant Township
  • Scipio Township
  • Springfield Township
  • St. Joseph Township
  • Washington Township
  • Wayne Township

Demographics

USA Allen County, Indiana age pyramid
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 996
1840 5,942 496.6%
1850 16,919 184.7%
1860 29,328 73.3%
1870 43,494 48.3%
1880 54,763 25.9%
1890 66,689 21.8%
1900 77,270 15.9%
1910 93,386 20.9%
1920 114,303 22.4%
1930 146,743 28.4%
1940 155,084 5.7%
1950 183,722 18.5%
1960 232,196 26.4%
1970 280,455 20.8%
1980 294,335 4.9%
1990 300,836 2.2%
2000 331,849 10.3%
2010 355,329 7.1%
Est. 2016 370,404 4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 355,329 people, 137,851 households, and 90,892 families residing in the county. The population density was 540.6 inhabitants per square mile (208.7/km2). There were 152,184 housing units at an average density of 231.5 per square mile (89.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 79.3% white, 11.7% black or African American, 2.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 33.4% were German, 11.4% were Irish, 10.7% were American, and 8.1% were English.

Of the 137,851 households, 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.1% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age was 35.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,184. Males had a median income of $45,294 versus $33,685 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,532. About 9.1% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Since 1852 Allen County is home of an Old Order Amish community that speaks an Alsatian dialect, which is quite rare among Amish. There are about 3,500 Amish living around Grabill and New Haven. Fort Wayne is cited as having the highest Burmese refugee population in the United States, with between 3,000–3,500.

Climate

Weather chart for Fort Wayne, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.1
 
31
16
 
 
1.9
 
36
19
 
 
2.9
 
47
29
 
 
3.5
 
60
38
 
 
3.8
 
72
49
 
 
4
 
81
59
 
 
3.6
 
84
63
 
 
3.6
 
82
60
 
 
2.8
 
75
53
 
 
2.6
 
63
42
 
 
3
 
49
33
 
 
2.8
 
36
22
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Fort Wayne have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1918 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.94 inches (49 mm) in February to 4.04 inches (103 mm) in June.

Parks

In addition to the Fort Wayne Parks and Recreation department (see List of parks in Fort Wayne, Indiana), Allen County Parks currently operates four parks:

  • Fox Island (southwest Allen County near Aboite)
  • Metea (northeast Allen County near Leo)
  • Payton (northern Allen County near Huntertown)
  • Cook’s Landing (northern Allen County on Coldwater Rd.)

Allen County Parks are only partially tax supported. Operating expenses must be met through user and program fees. Admission is $2.00 per person age 7 and older. Passes are available on an annual basis (good for one year from purchase date) starting at $15.00. Activities at various parks include hiking, swimming, fishing, sledding, cross-country skiing (rentals available), playgrounds, picnic areas, play fields, and many nature-based programs for all ages. Wheeled vehicles (except wheelchairs) are not permitted on trails, and pets are not permitted in the state nature preserve areas (clearly marked).

Transportation

US-IN-Allen County Municipalities
Map of Allen County, Indiana with municipalities and major roadways. Unincorporated towns represented by red dot.

Highways

  • I-69
  • I-469
  • US 24
  • US 27
  • US 30
  • US 33
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • Airport Expressway

Airports

  • Fort Wayne International Airport
  • Smith Field

Railroads

  • Chicago Fort Wayne and Eastern Railroad
  • CSX Transportation
  • Maumee and Western Railroad
  • Norfolk Southern Railway

Images for kids


Allen County, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.