Northern Indiana facts for kids
Northern Indiana counties are highlighted in red.
|Country||United States of America|
|Largest city||Fort Wayne|
Northern Indiana is a region of the U.S. State of Indiana, including 26 counties which border the states of Illinois, Michigan, and Ohio. Northern Indiana is also considered part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis. The area is generally classified into other sub-regions; Northwest Indiana (or the Calumet Region) is closely tied with Chicago economically, culturally, and politically and is part of the Chicago metropolitan area. The north central region (or Michiana) centers on South Bend metropolitan area, with economic connections to southwest Michigan. Northeast Indiana is centered on the Fort Wayne metropolitan area.
The Northern Indiana landscape is physically characterized by very flat to very rolling terrain, ranging from 600 to 1,000 feet (180 to 300 m) above sea level. Glacial kettle lakes are found throughout Northeast Indiana, with sand dunes sharing the Lake Michigan shoreline with heavy industry in the northwest. Kosciusko County is home to the largest natural lake (Wawasee) and deepest natural lake (Tippecanoe) in the state of Indiana. The Eastern Continental Divide runs through the region following the top of the Valparaiso Moraine. Besides a few urban areas, much of Northern Indiana lies in the agricultural Corn Belt.
The following counties are the Northwest Indiana counties that are part of the Chicago metropolitan area. Much of this area in Indiana is known as the Calumet Region.
- Lake County, Indiana
- Porter County, Indiana
- La Porte County, Indiana
- Newton County, Indiana
- Jasper County, Indiana
The following counties are considered part of Michiana:
- Elkhart County, Indiana
- Fulton County, Indiana
- Kosciusko County, Indiana
- LaGrange County, Indiana
- Marshall County, Indiana
- Pulaski County, Indiana
- St. Joseph County, Indiana
- Starke County, Indiana
The following counties are considered Northeast Indiana:
- Adams County, Indiana
- Allen County, Indiana
- DeKalb County, Indiana
- Huntington County, Indiana
- Noble County, Indiana
- Steuben County, Indiana
- Wabash County, Indiana
- Wells County, Indiana
- Whitley County, Indiana
|2015 rank||City||County||2015 estimate||2010 Census||Change||Highest Population (Year)|
|1||Fort Wayne||Allen||260,326||253,691||+2.62%||260,326 (2015)|
|2||South Bend||St. Joseph||101,516||101,168||+0.34%||132,445 (1960)|
|6||Mishawaka||St. Joseph||48,261||48,252||+0.02%||48,261 (2015)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Northern Indiana has seen a steady population growth over the past century with the exception of 1990. Between 1980 and 1990, Lake County (which includes the city of Gary) saw a population decline of 47,371 residents, and it was this drop in population that hid the population rise which continued to occur in the majority of the region's other counties. The 2015 Census Estimate has shown that the rural counties (i.e., Wabash and Wells) are seeing a gradual population decline; when compared to the gradual increase (or steady) population trend in the more urban counties (i.e., St. Joseph). The trend of rural counties losing population has been observed in various counties in other regions, most notably the Great Plains.
Roughly 10.7% of both Huntington and Wells County lives in poverty, as compared to only 15.5% in Pulaski County. At the same time; Northern Indiana, as is the case for much of the Midwest, is predominately made up of people of European heritage. According to the 2010 Census; almost 98% of Whitley County is white, as compared to Lake County (Gary), which is only 64.4% white and 25.9% African American. Lastly, the average family size per household is relatively constant around 3.00 persons per household. In 2010, the average family size per household was 3.66 in LaGrange County, 3.23 in Elkhart County, 3.19 in Lake County, 3.16 in Noble County, 3.15 in Marshall County and 3.12 in Allen County.
The Inland North dialect of American English is mostly found in the Calumet region of Northern Indiana, due to this area's close cultural ties to Chicagoland where it is prevalent. The Northern cities vowel shift is recognizable in Northwest Indiana and the Michiana area. However, the rest of Northern Indiana tends to exhibit North Midland dialect, with little recognizable influences. Because of the city's transitional location between the Inland North, North Midland, and Central Midland dialects, Fort Wayne has been difficult for linguists to define, with some labeling speech here "virtually accent neutral," attributed to historical settlement patterns.
- Fort Wayne International Airport
- South Bend International Airport
- Griffith-Merrillville Airport
- General aviation
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Northern Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.