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Warsaw, Indiana
City of Warsaw
Downtown Warsaw in October 2005
Downtown Warsaw in October 2005
Nickname(s): 
"Lake City", "Orthopedic Capital of the World"
Location of Warsaw in Kosciusko County, Indiana.
Location of Warsaw in Kosciusko County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Kosciusko
Townships Plain and Wayne
Area
 • Total 14.75 sq mi (38.22 km2)
 • Land 13.40 sq mi (34.70 km2)
 • Water 1.36 sq mi (3.52 km2)
Elevation
823 ft (251 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 15,804
 • Density 1,179.58/sq mi (455.44/km2)
Time zone UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
46580-46582
Area code(s) 574
FIPS code 18-80306
GNIS feature ID 445487
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 304
1870 2,206
1880 3,123 41.6%
1890 3,574 14.4%
1900 3,987 11.6%
1910 4,430 11.1%
1920 5,478 23.7%
1930 5,730 4.6%
1940 6,378 11.3%
1950 6,625 3.9%
1960 7,234 9.2%
1970 7,506 3.8%
1980 10,647 41.8%
1990 10,968 3.0%
2000 12,415 13.2%
2010 13,559 9.2%
2020 15,804 16.6%
Source: US Census Bureau

Warsaw is a city in and the county seat of Kosciusko County, Indiana, United States. Warsaw has a population of 13,559 as of the 2010 U.S. Census. Warsaw also borders a smaller town, Winona Lake.

Etymology

Warsaw, named after the capital of Poland in tribute to Tadeusz Kościuszko, platted on October 21, 1836. The Warsaw post office was established in 1837.

History

Early Warsaw contained traders, trappers, and merchants supplying manufactured goods to area farmers. Because of the central location in the lake region, tourists soon began visiting Warsaw and eventually made permanent residences in the city, with industry soon following.

In March 1854, Warsaw became a town, and the initial census on February 2, 1854 showed a total of 752 residents in the town limits. The Pennsylvania Railroad (then known as the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago Railroad) reached Warsaw in November 1854. The Big Four Railroad (Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago, and St Louis) arrived in Warsaw in August 1870.

Gas lights were installed in August 1880. Telephone lines were strung in 1882, with Dr. Eggleston having the first phone. The waterworks were constructed in 1885. Gas was supplemented with electricity in 1897, but gas was still used in many homes until 1915.

In 1895, Revra DePuy founded DePuy Manufacturing in Warsaw to make wire mesh and wooden splints, becoming the world's first manufacturer of orthopedic appliances. In 1905, DePuy hired Justin Zimmer as a splint salesman. Zimmer broke away from DePuy in 1927 to start his own orthopedic company with Joe Ettinger in the basement of Ettinger. Warsaw is now known as the "orthopaedic capital of the world."

East Fort Wayne Street Historic District, Kosciusko County Jail, Warsaw Courthouse Square Historic District, Warsaw Cut Glass Company, and Justin Zimmer House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Warsaw is located at 41°14′26″N 85°50′49″W / 41.24056°N 85.84694°W / 41.24056; -85.84694 (41.240564, -85.847002) and occupies the area between Pike Lake, Hidden Lake and Center Lake (to the north) and Winona Lake (to the southeast). The Tippecanoe River passes through the West portion of Warsaw. U.S. Route 30 and Indiana State Road 15 both pass through town, while Indiana State Road 25 begins on West Market Street while traffic is routed to West Winona Avenue along with State Road 15 after US Route 30 bypassed the downtown area.

According to the 2010 census, Warsaw has a total area of 12.918 square miles (33.46 km2), of which 11.58 square miles (29.99 km2) (or 89.64%) is land and 1.338 square miles (3.47 km2) (or 10.36%) is water.

Transportation

Airport

  • KASW - Warsaw Municipal Airport

Demographics

2010 census

As of the 2010 U.S. Census, there were 13,559 people, 5,461 households, and 3,311 families living in the city. The population density was 1,170.9 inhabitants per square mile (452.1/km2). There were 6,066 housing units at an average density of 523.8 per square mile (202.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.5% White, 1.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 4.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.4% of the population.

There were 5,461 households, of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.4% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 34.8 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 13.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

Culture

Warsaw-indiana-lake-park
Center Lake Park in October 2005, located on the shore of Center Lake.

Warsaw is home to the Wagon Wheel Theatre founded in 1956 and becoming a non-profit organization in 2011 featuring a "theatre in the round".

City Parks, the Lake City Greenway Trails, City County Athletic Complex (CCAC) and two golf courses offer citizens recreation. Central Park, which overlooks Center Lake, is host to regular concerts during the summer months.

Center Lake Park includes the Warsaw Biblical Gardens which is a noted Biblical garden.

The Rotary Club of Warsaw was chartered on June 1, 1919, being one of the oldest clubs in the community and part of Rotary International. residence.

In popular culture

  • Warsaw is featured in the 2006 video game, Splinter Cell: Essentials.
  • The 2008 documentary American Teen was filmed in Warsaw.
  • Warsaw is mentioned in the 4th season of the HBO Show Boardwalk Empire
  • Warsaw is mentioned in the 2011 film "I Am Number Four".
  • Warsaw is the hometown of The Bachelor Season 20's Ben Higgins.



Economy

Warsaw-indiana-da-lite-headquarters
Da-Lite headquarters building.

Warsaw, known as the "Orthopedic Capital of the World", is home to the first orthopedic device manufacturer, the DePuy Manufacturing Company, started in 1895 by Revra DePuy. Competitors, such as Zimmer, Inc. in 1927 and Biomet, Inc. in 1977, have subsequently been founded in Warsaw to support the industry. Several orthopedic suppliers are also present.

Other companies headquartered in Warsaw are Da-Lite, makers of commercial and home theater projection screens; LSC Communications, a commercial printing press; Dalton Foundry, a malleable iron casting foundry; ABC Industries, a leader in mining ventilation products and industrial textile fabrics; Penguin Point, a regional fast-food chain; and PayLeap, a payment gateway service provider. Historically, Warsaw was home to the Biltwell Basket Company and to Explorer Van, founded by Bob Kesler.

Education

  • Alternative Learning Center, public school · grades 9-12 · 680 students
  • Charter College of Health and Massage Therapy
  • Certified Natural Health Professionals · Natural Health Education and Certification
  • Edgewood Middle School, public school · grades 7-8 · 887 students
  • Eisenhower Elementary School, public school · grades K-6 · 523 students
  • Grace College - Warsaw Campus
  • Harrison Elementary School, public school. grades K-6. 611 students
  • Indiana Tech - Warsaw Campus
  • Ivy Tech Community College - North Central Campus
  • Lakeland Christian Academy, private school · grades Pre K-12
  • Lakeview Middle School, public school · grades 7-8 · 760 students
  • Lighthouse Christian Academy, private school · grades Pre K-12 454 students
  • Lincoln Elementary School, public school · grades K-6 · 456 students
  • Living Stone's Preparatory School, private school · grades Pre K-12
  • Madison Elementary School, public school · grades K-6 · 563 students
  • Monarch Christian Academy, private School · grades K-12 · 23 students
  • Sacred Heart School, private school · grades Pre K-6 · 206 students
  • Trinity School of Natural Health · Distance Learning Natural Health Education
  • Warsaw Community High School, public school · grades 9-12 · 1,947 students
  • Washington STEM Academy, public school · grades K-6 · 555 students

The city has a lending library, the Warsaw Community Public Library.

Notable people

  • Whitey Bell, NBA, ABL player (1959-1963)
  • Ambrose Bierce, author of The Devil's Dictionary
  • Jack E. Bowers. Illinois state legislator and lawyer
  • Howard Brubaker, magazine editor and writer
  • Shea Couleé, drag queen
  • Theodore Dreiser, author of Sister Carrie and An American Tragedy
  • Jesse E. Eschbach, jurist
  • David C. Fisher, author, pastor
  • Rick Fox, actor and former NBA basketball player
  • Randy Heisler, Olympic athlete
  • Ben Higgins, former Bachelor and Bachlorette contestant
  • Scottie James (born 1996), basketball player for Hapoel Haifa in the Israeli Basketball Premier League
  • Gary Kosins, NFL player
  • Hal Kratzsch, an original member of famed singing group The Four Freshmen
  • James R. Leininger, physician, founder of Kinetic Concepts
  • Tom Metzger, former Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan
  • Nic Moore, professional basketball player
  • Marshall Plumlee, professional basketball player
  • Mason Plumlee, professional basketball player
  • Miles Plumlee, professional basketball player
  • Jill Long Thompson, former U.S. congresswoman from Indiana
  • Todd Alan Clem (a.k.a. "Bubba The Love Sponge"), radio personality/shock jock
  • Steve Hollar, actor
  • Max Truex, Olympic athlete
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