Marshall County, Indiana facts for kids

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Marshall County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Marshall County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1836
Seat Plymouth
Largest City Plymouth
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

449.74 sq mi (1,165 km²)
443.63 sq mi (1,149 km²)
6.11 sq mi (16 km²), 1.36%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

47,051
106/sq mi (40.88/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.marshall.in.us
Named for: John Marshall
Indiana county number 50

Marshall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. Census 2010 recorded the population at 47,051. The county seat is Plymouth.

History

Marshall County was formed in 1836, during the early years of settlement and before the forced removal of the Potawatomi people in 1838. It was named for U.S. Chief Justice John Marshall, who died in 1835. Marshall County is notable as the starting point in 1838 of the Potawatomi Trail of Death, which was the forced removal by United States forces of Chief Menominee and 859 Potawatomi Indians from Indiana to Indian Territory, at the site of present-day Osawatomie, Kansas, a distance of 660 miles (1,060 km). The first settlers arrived in what is now Marshall County in 1835. They arrived as a result of the end of the Black Hawk War as well as the completion of the Erie Canal. They consisted primarily of settlers from New England, "Yankees" descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. They were mainly members of the Congregational Church, although due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Marshall County. As a result of this heritage, some place names in Marshall County are named after places in New England, such as Plymouth, which is named after Plymouth, Massachusetts, the site where the Mayflower landed in 1620. When these settlers arrived, there was nothing but a dense virgin forest and wild marshland, which would need to be cleared and drained before it could be farmed.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 449.74 square miles (1,164.8 km2), of which 443.63 square miles (1,149.0 km2) (or 98.64%) is land and 6.11 square miles (15.8 km2) (or 1.36%) is water. The Yellow River flows through northern, central, and western portions of Marshall County, past Plymouth; the Tippecanoe River flows through the southeastern part of the county.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 6
  • US 30
  • US 31
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  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/IN/link SR|Template:Infobox road/IN/abbrev SR]]
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Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated place

  • Koontz Lake (partial)

Townships

  • Bourbon
  • Center
  • German
  • Green
  • North
  • Polk
  • Tippecanoe
  • Union
  • Walnut
  • West

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Plymouth, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
32
16
 
 
1.9
 
38
20
 
 
2.9
 
49
29
 
 
4
 
62
39
 
 
4.3
 
74
49
 
 
4.5
 
83
58
 
 
3.7
 
86
62
 
 
3.4
 
84
60
 
 
3.6
 
77
53
 
 
3.2
 
64
42
 
 
3.2
 
50
32
 
 
2.8
 
37
22
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Plymouth have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.86 inches (47 mm) in February to 4.48 inches (114 mm) in June.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,651
1850 5,348 223.9%
1860 12,722 137.9%
1870 20,211 58.9%
1880 23,414 15.8%
1890 23,818 1.7%
1900 25,119 5.5%
1910 24,175 −3.8%
1920 23,744 −1.8%
1930 25,077 5.6%
1940 25,935 3.4%
1950 29,468 13.6%
1960 32,443 10.1%
1970 34,986 7.8%
1980 39,155 11.9%
1990 42,182 7.7%
2000 45,128 7.0%
2010 47,051 4.3%
Est. 2015 46,857 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,051 people, 17,406 households, and 12,516 families residing in the county. The population density was 106.1 inhabitants per square mile (41.0/km2). There were 19,845 housing units at an average density of 44.7 per square mile (17.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.5% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.8% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 35.4% were German, 11.2% were Irish, 9.4% were American, and 8.5% were English.

Of the 17,406 households, 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families, and 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 38.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $58,017. Males had a median income of $43,732 versus $30,033 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,493. About 8.7% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.


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