Muskegon County, Michigan facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Muskegon County, Michigan
Seal of Muskegon County, Michigan
Map
Map of Michigan highlighting Muskegon County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1859
Seat Muskegon
Largest City Norton Shores (area), Muskegon (population)
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,460 sq mi (3,781 km²)
499 sq mi (1,292 km²)
961 sq mi (2,489 km²), 66%
Population
 -  Density

172,344
345/sq mi (133/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.co.muskegon.mi.us
Named for: Muskegon River

Muskegon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of 2014, the population was 172,344. The county seat is Muskegon.

Muskegon County comprises the Muskegon, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger Grand Rapids-Wyoming-Muskegon, MI Combined Statistical Area. The White River flows through the county to its mouth at Lake Michigan.

History

Around 1812, Jean Baptiste Recollect and Pierre Constant set up trading posts in the area. By the Treaty of Washington (1836), Native Americans ceded parts of Michigan, including future Muskegon County, to the United States. This opened up the area to greater settlement by European Americans, who developed farms.

Muskegon County was organized in 1859. Its name is from the Muskegon River, which runs through it and empties into Muskegon Lake and subsequently flows into Lake Michigan. The word "Muskegon" comes from the Ojibwa/Chippewa word mashkig, meaning "marsh" or "swamp". See List of Michigan county name etymologies.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,460 square miles (3,800 km2), of which 499 square miles (1,290 km2) is land and 961 square miles (2,490 km2) (66%) is water.

Bodies of water

  • White Lake
  • White River
  • Muskegon Lake
  • Muskegon River
  • Mona Lake
  • Little Black Lake
  • Wolf Lake
  • Fox Lake
  • Big Blue Lake

National protected area

  • Manistee National Forest (part)

Major highways

  • I-96
  • US 31

  • BUS US 31 (Muskegon)

  • BUS US 31 (Whitehall-Montague)
  • M-37
  • M-46
  • M-120
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MI/link CDH|Template:Infobox road/MI/abbrev CDH]]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,947
1870 14,894 277.3%
1880 26,586 78.5%
1890 40,013 50.5%
1900 37,036 −7.4%
1910 40,577 9.6%
1920 62,362 53.7%
1930 84,630 35.7%
1940 94,501 11.7%
1950 121,545 28.6%
1960 129,943 6.9%
1970 157,426 21.2%
1980 157,589 0.1%
1990 158,983 0.9%
2000 170,200 7.1%
2010 172,188 1.2%
Est. 2015 172,790 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 172,188 people residing in the county. 77.4% were non-Hispanic White, 14.6% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.9% Native American, and 2.5% of two or more races. 4.8% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census of 2000, there were 170,200 people, 63,330 households, and 44,267 families residing in the county. The population density was 334 people per square mile (129/km²). There were 68,556 housing units at an average density of 135 per square mile (52/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.25% White, 14.20% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.28% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. 3.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.2% were of German, 9.8% Dutch, 7.3% American, 7.2% English, 6.8% Irish and 5.5% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9% spoke English and 2.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 63,330 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 13.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,008, and the median income for a family was $45,710. Males had a median income of $35,952 versus $25,430 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,967. About 8.80% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

Historical markers

There are twenty-three recognized historical markers in the county: They are:

  • Bluffton Actors' Colony / Buster Keaton
  • Central United Methodist Church [Muskegon]
  • Evergreen Cemetery
  • Fruitland District No.6 School
  • Hackley House
  • Hackley Public Library
  • Hackley-Holt House
  • Hume House
  • Jean Baptiste Recollect Trading Post
  • Lakeside
  • Lebanon Lutheran Church
  • Lumbering on White Lake / Staples & Covell Mill
  • Marsh Field
  • Mouth Cemetery
  • Muskegon Business College
  • Muskegon Log Booming Company
  • Muskegon Woman's Club
  • Old Indian Cemetery
  • Pinchtown
  • Ruth Thompson
  • Torrent House
  • Union Depot (Muskegon)
  • White Lake Yacht Club

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

  • Twin Lake
  • Wolf Lake

Unincorporated communities

Townships


Muskegon County, Michigan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.