kids encyclopedia robot

Chatham, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Chatham, Virginia
North Main Street, Chatham, circa 1909
North Main Street, Chatham, circa 1909
Official seal of Chatham, Virginia
Location of Chatham, Virginia
Location of Chatham, Virginia
Country United States
State Virginia
County Pittsylvania
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Total 2.03 sq mi (5.26 km2)
 • Land 2.03 sq mi (5.26 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
748 ft (228 m)
 • Total 1,269
 • Estimate 
 • Density 703.30/sq mi (271.49/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 434
FIPS code 51-15000
GNIS feature ID 1498464
Website Official website:

Chatham is a town in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, United States. It is the county seat of Pittsylvania County. Chatham's population was 1,269 at the 2010 census. It is included in the Danville, Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town was originally called Competition, but the name was changed to Chatham by the Virginia General Assembly on May 1, 1852.

Chatham is home to Chatham High School, Hargrave Military Academy, and Chatham Hall, an all-female boarding high school.


Lower Main Street Chatham 1911
Lower Main Street, Chatham, February 1911

It is the home to the oldest continually used building in Pittsylvania County, once an 18th-century tavern, since turned into a house and now occupied by Chatham Hall faculty. Chatham is the county seat for Pittsylvania County and has held that status since 1777. There is a large U.S. Department of Agriculture office to support farmers in the area and a small branch office of the U.S. Forestry Service. The State of Virginia has built a new state prison at the site of an old work-release camp and this led to infrastructure upgrades in fire and water services to support the increased population.

Chatham did not see any battle action during the Civil War although it is between Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy, and Danville, which contained Confederate prisons for captured Union soldiers. On Confederate Memorial Day each year, the local chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy places flowers at the statue of a Confederate soldier which is prominent in the front of the historic Pittsylvania County Court House. There is a walking tour of this downtown historic district and a brochure for this is available at the Town Hall, or at the Historical Society building next to Town Hall. There are several bed & breakfast establishments located on Main Street in historic Greek Revival homes.


According to the United States Census Bureau, Chatham has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.3 km²), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 543
1890 757 39.4%
1900 918 21.3%
1910 1,113 21.2%
1920 1,171 5.2%
1930 1,143 −2.4%
1940 1,230 7.6%
1950 1,456 18.4%
1960 1,822 25.1%
1970 1,801 −1.2%
1980 1,390 −22.8%
1990 1,354 −2.6%
2000 1,338 −1.2%
2010 1,269 −5.2%
2019 (est.) 1,427 12.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
Pittsylvania County Courthouse Chatham Virginia
The Pittsylvania County Courthouse is one of eight sites in Chatham listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

As of the census of 2000, 1,338 people, 554 households, and 350 families resided in the town. The population density was 654.6 people per square mile (253.2/km2). The 612 housing units averaged 299.4 per square mile (115.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 71.52% White, 26.08% African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.52% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.60% of the population.

Of the 554 households, 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were not families. About 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.87.

Countyseat Giants 1912
The Countyseat Giants, Chatham's baseball team, 1912

In the town, the population was distributed as 19.6% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,938, and for a family was $50,391. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $23,472 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,785. About 6.3% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over. For people 25 years and over in Chatham:

  • High school or higher: 77.4%
  • Bachelor's degree or higher: 33.1%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 13.2%
  • Unemployed: 5.3%
  • Mean travel time to work (commute): 20.8 minutes

For people 15 years and over in Chatham:

  • Never married: 23.4%
  • Now married: 49.6%
  • Separated: 3.8%
  • Widowed: 9.8%
  • Divorced: 13.4%

Nineteen residents are foreign born (1.4%).


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Chatham has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Chatham (Virginia) para niños

kids search engine
Chatham, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.