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Chesapeake & Ohio 1308
[[Image:C&O 1308.jpg alt=]]
Front and right side
Power type Steam
References
Builder Baldwin Locomotive Works
Order number 48001
Build date 1949
Total production 9
Configuration 2-6-6-2
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 56 in (1,422 mm)
Wheelbase 48.8 ft (14.87 m)
Length 99.7 ft (30.39 m)
Weight on drivers 366,700 lb (166,332 kg)
Locomotive weight 434,900 lb (197,267 kg)
Tender weight 208,200 lb (94,438 kg)
Locomotive and tender combined weight 643,100 lb (291,705 kg)
Tender type 12-RC
Fuel type Soft coal
Water capacity 12,000 US gal (45,425 l; 9,992 imp gal)
Tender capacity 16 short tons (15 t)
Boiler 96 in (2,438 mm)
Boiler pressure 210 psi (1.45 MPa)
Feedwater heater none
Fire grate area 72 sq ft (6.7 m2)
Heating surface: Total 4,830 sq ft (449 m2)
Superheater type Type A
Superheater area 991 sq ft (92.1 m2)
Cylinders Four, compound: LP front, HP rear
High-pressure
cylinder size
22 in × 32 in (559 mm × 813 mm)
Low-pressure
cylinder size
35 in × 32 in (889 mm × 813 mm)
Valve gear Walschaerts
Tractive effort 98,700 lbf (439.04 kN)
Factor of adhesion 4.66
Locomotive brakes Air
Train brakes Air
Last run February 29, 1956
Retired 1956
Current owner Collis P. Huntington Railroad Historical Society, Inc.
Disposition On static display, based in Huntington, West Virginia
Chesapeake and Ohio 1308 Steam Locomotive
Chesapeake and Ohio 1308 is located in West Virginia
Chesapeake and Ohio 1308
Location in West Virginia
Chesapeake and Ohio 1308 is located in the United States
Chesapeake and Ohio 1308
Location in the United States
Location 1401 Memorial blvd., Huntington, West Virginia
Area 0.5 acres (0.20 ha)
Built 1949
Architect Baldwin Locomotive Works
Architectural style H-6 Locomotive
NRHP reference No. 02001571
Added to NRHP January 31, 2003

The Chesapeake & Ohio Railway No. 1308 is an articulated 2-6-6-2 "Mallet" type steam locomotive built by Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1949. It was the next to the last Class 1 mainline locomotive built by Baldwin, closing out more than 100 years of production, a total of more than 70,000 locomotives. The last locomotive, its sister, No. 1309, has been restored to operation at the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad in Cumberland, Maryland.

While 1308 was built in the 1949, it was among the last of a series of 2-6-6-2s that the C&O used, starting in 1911. A very similar design, the USRA 2-6-6-2 was chosen by the United States Railroad Administration as one of its standard designs thirty years earlier during World War I. The advantage of the design was that it could be used on the relatively light, tightly curved, branch lines in West Virginia and Kentucky coal country, and that's where it worked for its seven-year working life, making the two-hour run from Peach Creek, near Logan, West Virginia to the Ohio River at Russell, Kentucky with an occasional trip to Hinton, West Virginia. Its use in heavy mountain railroading is emphasized by its two cross compound air compressors mounted on the smokebox door to supply enough air for frequent heavy braking.

The class was unusual for the time in that they were true Mallets, since their steam was expanded once in their smaller rear cylinders and then a second time in their larger front cylinders. While compound locomotives are more efficient than single expansion, their extra complication led to very few United States railroads using them after the turn of the century. The C&O had a long history with Mallets and they were ideal for slow speed work in West Virginia.

After its last run on February 29, 1956, it was stored at Russell until the C&O gave it to the Collis P. Huntington Railroad Historical Society, Inc., a group founded in 1959. Collis P. Huntington is best known as one of the Big Four who built the Central Pacific Railroad from San Francisco to Promontory, Utah, but following that he spent at least ten years as a leading figure of the C&O. The town where 1308 sits is named for him.

The locomotive was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Chesapeake and Ohio 1308 Steam Locomotive in 2003.

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