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Christmas Mountains facts for kids

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Christmas Mountains
1986 North Pole Stream.jpg
North Pole Stream, a tributary to the Little Southwest Miramichi River in north-central New Brunswick, Canada
Highest point
Elevation 750 m (2,460 ft)
Location Northumberland County, New Brunswick
Parent range Appalachian Mountains
Topo map NTS 21O/02
Easiest route Hike

The Christmas Mountains are a series of rounded peaks in northern New Brunswick, Canada, at the headwaters of North Pole Stream and the Little Southwest Miramichi River, west of Big Bald Mountain, and south of Mount Carleton. The mountains, in part, separate the Miramichi River watershed from the watersheds of the Serpentine River and the Nepisiguit River.

In 1964, Arthur F. Wightman named the range and peaks after noting that the previously unnamed peaks lay near the source of North Pole Stream, hence this sub-range of the Appalachians has been named after the Christian holiday of Christmas.

The ten peaks are:

  • North Pole Mountain (690 m (2,264 ft)) (47°11′39″N 66°40′00″W / 47.19417°N 66.66667°W / 47.19417; -66.66667 (North Pole Mountain))
  • Mount St. Nicholas (625 m (2,051 ft)) (47°10′9″N 66°40′24″W / 47.16917°N 66.67333°W / 47.16917; -66.67333 (Mount St. Nicholas))
  • Mount Dasher (750 m (2,461 ft)) (47°11′48″N 66°44′14″W / 47.19667°N 66.73722°W / 47.19667; -66.73722 (Mount Dasher))
  • Mount Dancer (670 m (2,198 ft)) (47°09′53″N 66°42′51″W / 47.16472°N 66.71417°W / 47.16472; -66.71417 (Mount Dancer))
  • Mount Prancer (580 m (1,903 ft)) (47°8′00″N 66°40′56″W / 47.13333°N 66.68222°W / 47.13333; -66.68222 (Mount Prancer))
  • Mount Vixen (650 m (2,133 ft)) (47°8′15″N 66°43′28″W / 47.13750°N 66.72444°W / 47.13750; -66.72444 (Mount Vixen))
  • Mount Comet (550 m (1,804 ft)) (47°7′00″N 66°38′36″W / 47.11667°N 66.64333°W / 47.11667; -66.64333 (Mount Comet))
  • Mount Cupid (530 m (1,739 ft)) (47°9′01″N 66°36′36″W / 47.15028°N 66.61000°W / 47.15028; -66.61000 (Mount Cupid))
  • Mount Donder (730 m (2,395 ft)) (47°10′47″N 66°36′10″W / 47.17972°N 66.60278°W / 47.17972; -66.60278 (Mount Donder))
  • Mount Blitzen (670 m (2,198 ft)) (47°10′50″N 66°37′50″W / 47.18056°N 66.63056°W / 47.18056; -66.63056 (Mount Blitzen))

The eight latter names commemorate Santa Claus's reindeer as named in the 1823 poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas" by Clement Clarke Moore. The poem reads in part:

With a little old driver so lively and quick,

I knew in a moment it must be St. Nick.
More rapid than eagles, his coursers they came,
And he whistled and shouted and called them by name:

Now Dasher! Now Dancer! Now, Prancer and Vixen!
On, Comet! On, Cupid! On, Donder and Blitzen!
To the top of the porch! To the top of the wall!

Now dash away! Dash away! Dash away all!

Although a ninth reindeer was later added to Santa Claus' team in the popular Christmas song "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer", no peak was named for Rudolph, "the most famous reindeer of all".

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