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Chumphon Province facts for kids

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Mu Ko Chumphon National Park
Mu Ko Chumphon National Park
Flag of Chumphon
Official seal of Chumphon
"ประตูภาคใต้ ไหว้เสด็จในกรมฯ ชมไร่กาแฟ แลหาดทรายรี ดีกล้วยเล็บมือ ขึ้นชื่อรังนก" ("Southern door, Worshiping in (Chumphon Khet Udomsak),See coffee plantations, See Sairee beach, Banana fingernail and Famous for bird's nest")
Map of Thailand highlighting Chumphon province
Map of Thailand highlighting Chumphon province
Country Thailand
Capital Chumphon
 • Total 6,009 km2 (2,320 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 37th
 • Total 510,963
 • Rank Ranked 54th
 • Density 85/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 56th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017) 0.6252 "high"
Ranked 15th
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
Calling code 077
ISO 3166 code TH-86

Chumphon (Thai: ชุมพร) is a southern province (changwat) of Thailand on the Gulf of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Prachuap Khiri Khan, Surat Thani, and Ranong. To the west it borders the Burmese province of Tanintharyi.


Chumphon is on the Isthmus of Kra, the narrow land bridge connecting the Malay Peninsula with the mainland of Thailand. To the west are the hills of the Phuket mountain range and its northern continuation, the Tenasserim Hills. The east is coastal plain abutting the Gulf of Thailand. The main river is the Lang Suan River, which originates in Phato District. With a 222-kilometre-long (138 mi) coastline and 44 islands, the Chumphon Archipelago, Chumphon has waterfalls, peaceful beaches, green forests, mangroves, and rivers. The total forest area is 1,288 km2 (497 sq mi) or 21.5 percent of provincial area. Chumphon is regarded as part of "Gateway to the South".

National parks

There are two national parks, along with nine other national parks, make up region 4 (Surat Thani) of Thailand's protected areas.

  • Namtok Ngao National Park, 668 km2 (258 sq mi)
  • Mu Ko Chumphon National Park, 317 km2 (122 sq mi)

Wildlife sanctuaries

There are four wildlife sanctuaries, along with three other wildlife sanctuaries, make up region 4 (Surat Thani) of Thailand's protected areas.

  • Khuan Mae Yai Mon Wildlife Sanctuary, 464 km2 (179 sq mi)
  • Thung Raya–Na Sak Wildlife Sanctuary, 338 km2 (131 sq mi)
  • Prince Chumphon South Park Wildlife Sanctuary, 315 km2 (122 sq mi)
  • Prince Chumphon North Park (lower) Wildlife Sanctuary, 287 km2 (111 sq mi)


The southern part of the province was originally a separate province named Lang Suan. It was incorporated into Chumphon in 1932.

In November 1989 Typhoon Gay hit the province hard: 529 people were killed, 160,000 became homeless, 7,130 km2 (2,753 sq mi) of farm land was destroyed. Gay is the only tropical storm on record which reached Thailand with typhoon wind strength.

Chumphon province is one of several clandestine way stations on the trafficking trail of Burmese and Rohingyas from nearby Burma (Myanmar) being moved south. Chumphon borders the Burmese province of Tanintharyi.


There are two different theories on the origin of the name "Chumphon". According to one, it originates from Chumnumphon (lit., 'accumulation of forces') which derives from the fact that Chumphon was a frontier city. Another theory claims the name derives from a local tree named Maduea Chumphon (มะเดื่อชุมพร, Ficus glomerata), abundant in the province.


The provincial seal shows a fortune-bringing thevada on a lotus-pedestal, flanked by two ficus trees. In the background a fort and two watchtowers are visible, a reference to the former camp where courageous warriors from the province gathered before going into battle against the enemy.

The provincial flower is the Indian shot (Canna indica), and the finger banana is another provincial symbol. Spanner barb (Barbodes lateristriga) is a provincial fish.

Administrative divisions

Amphoe Chumphon
Map of eight districts

Provincial government

Chumphon is divided into eight districts (amphoes), 70 sub-districts (tambons), 736 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Chumphon
  2. Tha Sae
  3. Pathio
  4. Lang Suan
  1. Lamae
  2. Phato
  3. Sawi
  4. Thung Tako

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are: one Chumphon Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 27 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Chumphon and Lang Suan have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 25 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 51 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).


The coffee-growing valley of Ban Panwal in Tha Sae District includes 178,283 rai of robusta coffee plantations. It produces more than 24 million tonnes a year. Chumphon province contributes 60 percent of Thailand's total coffee production. Local brands include Thamsing, ST Chumphon, and Khao Tha-Lu Chumporn.

Besides, Chumphon is considered as the province with the second largest durian growing area in the country, after Chanthaburi. Based on 2017 data, Chumphon has an area of 164,099 rai of durian, with a yield of approximately 128,894 tons, create income for the province of not less than 6,000 million baht per year. There are more farmers grow durian every year.

Human achievement index 2017

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
11 32 42 28
Housing Family Transport Participation
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
45 31 40 10
Province Chumphon, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6252 is "high", occupies place 15 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"



Chumphon Airport is 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Chumphon city in Pathio District. It has direct daily flights to Bangkok's Don Mueang Airport (DMK). Flights from Bangkok are around 60 minutes.

Nok Air and Thai AirAsia operates flights between Bangkok (Don Mueang, DMK) and Chumphon Airport (CJM). The airport has transit agents for onward travel to Chumphon and the islands of the Gulf of Thailand including Ko Tao, Ko Pha Ngan, and Ko Samui.


Lang Suan, Lang Suan District, Chumphon 86110, Thailand - panoramio
Lang Suan Railway Station

Chumphon Railway Station is a main station of Chumphon, it is 485 kilometres (301 mi) south of Bangkok Railway Station (Hua Lamphong). Chumphon is also the location of 26 other railway stations and railway halts. Lang Suan Railway Station in area of Lang Suan District is the last stop of the Southern Railway that starts from Thon Buri Railway Station (Bangkok Noi).


Chumphon is 463 kilometres (288 mi) south of Bangkok by Petchkasem Road (Thailand Route 4) via Pathom Phon Intersection before entering the Chumphon city, takes about 7 hours to travel. Can travel to here by bus from both Southern Bus (Taling Chan) and Northern Bus Terminals (Mo Chit 2).


In the first 11 months of 2015, Chumphon arrivals grew by 17 percent to 1.86 million and tourism revenue by 21 percent to 7.55 billion baht. Average hotel occupancy rose to 65 percent from 53 percent in 2014. Arrivals are expected to grow by 17 percent in 2016.


Chumphon has a 222 kilometres (138 mi) long coastline.

  • Hat Thung Wua Laen: a beach 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) northeast of downtown Chumphon. Food and accommodation resorts and food stalls abound in the beach area. Thung Wua Laen is 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the train station of Chumphon and 17 kilometres (11 mi) from Chumphon airport in Pathiu.
  • Hat Saphli: about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Hat Thung Wua Laen, it is a crescent-shaped beach with white sand. This beach was ranked as the cleanest beach in the country by the Pollution Control Department in 2017. There is a fishing village named Ban Tha Samet, a large community that is known for making shrimp paste and fish sauce.
Sairee Beach - panoramio
Hat Sai Ri
  • Hat Sai Ri: This beach has fine white sand and clear water. It is also the location of shrine of Prince Abhakara Kiartivongse, Prince of Chumphon, who was regarded as the "Father of the Royal Thai Navy". Nearby is the HTMS Chumphon, a torpedo boat. It is 68-metre long (223 ft) and 6.55-metre wide (21.5 ft). Hat Sai Ri and Prince of Chumphon Shrine are in Na Cha-ang Subdistrict, Mueang Chumphon District.


Notable personalities

  • Baitong Jareerat Petsom (b. 1993) - Environmental advocate, scriptwriter, host, director and beauty pageant titleholder won as Miss Earth - Fire 2021

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Provincia de Chumphon para niños

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