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Church of St Mary and St Michael, Llanarth, Monmouthshire
St Mary's and St Michael's Church
Church of St Mary and St Michael, at Llanarth Court - - 1671512.jpg
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Location Llanarth, Monmouthshire
Country Wales
Denomination Roman Catholic
Status Roman Catholic church
Founded c.1790
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 9 January 1956
Architectural type Church
Diocese Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cardiff

The Church of St Mary and St Michael, Llanarth, Monmouthshire, was built as the family chapel for Llanarth Court. It was the first Roman Catholic church constructed in the county since the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the mid-16th century. Built circa 1790, some decades before the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, it was designed to look like an orangery, or barn, in order not to attract anti-Catholic hostility. It is considered one of the oldest, if not the oldest, Catholic churches in Wales.


Following the Reformation, Monmouthshire, and particularly the north of the county, became an area of significant recusancy. The Joneses of Llanarth Court were an old Catholic family, and had supported a priest at Llanarth since 1781. In the late 18th century, the family chapel at the Court became insufficient to accommodate the numbers of worshippers and the family constructed a larger church in the grounds. Tradition suggests the building was disguised as a tool-shed, although later authorities suggest the scale of the church indicates it is more likely to have been constructed to look like a barn or an orangery.

Following the Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829, the Herberts felt able to be less circumspect as to their Catholic faith and the church was extended, and decorated internally, in 1829. In 1947, the last of the Herberts to live at Llanarth Court, the Honorable Mrs Fflorens Roch left the Court, and the church, to the Dominican Order, which operated a school in the buildings. After closure in 1986, the church came under the responsibility of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cardiff. St Mary and St Michael is one of the oldest Catholic churches in Wales.

Architecture and description

The building is a long, single-storeyed, structure covered in white render. The architectural historian John Newman suggests its design ensured the building; "could be mistaken for an orangery, as was doubtless intended." It has six, rounded, windows on its west fa├žade. There is a small apse at the western end, and a projecting vestry. The interior has much, original, 19th century work and stained glass dating from the 16th to the 20th centuries.

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