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Cimarron, Kansas facts for kids

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Cimarron, Kansas
Historic 1886 Cimarron Hotel
Historic 1886 Cimarron Hotel
Location within Gray County and Kansas
Location within Gray County and Kansas
KDOT map of Gray County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Gray
Founded 1878
Incorporated 1885
Named for Fork in Chisholm Trail towards Cimarron River
 • Total 1.15 sq mi (2.98 km2)
 • Land 1.15 sq mi (2.98 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
2,635 ft (803 m)
 • Total 1,981
 • Density 1,723/sq mi (664.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-13275
GNIS ID 471654

Cimarron is a city in and the county seat of Gray County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 1,981.


Main Street Cimarron Kansas 1914
Main Street (1914)

Cimarron was first settled in 1878. It took its name from a fork in the Chisholm Trail which led travelers to the Cimarron River.

Between 1887 and 1893, a county seat war took place in Gray County that involved several notable Old West figures, such as Bat Masterson, Bill Tilghman, and Ben Daniels. As a result of the dispute, Cimarron became the permanent county seat of Gray County.

In the wee hours of June 10, 1893, Bill Doolin and four members of his gang robbed a train one-half mile east of Cimarron.


Cimarron is located at 37°48′30″N 100°20′51″W / 37.80833°N 100.34750°W / 37.80833; -100.34750 (37.808332, −100.347413). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.14 square miles (2.95 km2), all of it land.


According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cimarron has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 237
1910 587 147.7%
1920 599 2.0%
1930 1,035 72.8%
1940 1,004 −3.0%
1950 1,189 18.4%
1960 1,115 −6.2%
1970 1,373 23.1%
1980 1,491 8.6%
1990 1,626 9.1%
2000 1,934 18.9%
2010 2,184 12.9%
2020 1,981 −9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,184 people, 789 households, and 569 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,915.8 inhabitants per square mile (739.7/km2). There were 842 housing units at an average density of 738.6 per square mile (285.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 0.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 5.4% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.1% of the population.

There were 789 households, of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.27.

The median age in the city was 33.6 years. 32.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 11.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.


  • Cimarron Municipal Airport


The community is served by Cimarron–Ensign USD 102 public school district.

Notable people

  • Ian Campbell, former defensive end for Kansas State University
  • Nicholas Klaine, journalist (editor of the Dodge City Times and New West Echo), built the Cimarron Hotel

See also

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