City of Liverpool (New South Wales) facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsCity of Liverpool
New South Wales
Location in Metropolitan Sydney
|Population||214,100 (2016 Est.) (19th)|
|• Density||669.70/km2 (1,734.5/sq mi)|
|Area||305.5 km2 (118.0 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|• Summer (DST)||AEDT (UTC+11)|
|Mayor||Wendy Waller (Labor)|
|Website||City of Liverpool|
The City of Liverpool is a local government area to the south-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The area encompasses 305.5 square kilometres (118.0 sq mi) and its administrative centre is located in the suburb of Liverpool.
It is one of the oldest urban settlements in Australia, founded in 1810 as an agricultural centre by Governor Lachlan Macquarie. He named it after Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, who was then the Secretary of State for the Colonies and the British city of Liverpool upon which some of the city's architecture is based.
Liverpool is at the head of navigation of the Georges River and combined with the Great Southern Railway from Sydney to Melbourne reaching Liverpool in the late 1850s, Liverpool became a major agricultural and transportation centre as the land in the district was very productive. A large army base was established in Liverpool during World War I, and exists to this day as the Holsworthy Barracks. There are a number of other military establishments in neighbouring Moorebank.
Until the 1950s, Liverpool was still a satellite town with an agricultural economy based on poultry farming and market gardening. However the tidal surge of urban sprawl which engulfed the rich flatlands west of Sydney known as the Cumberland Plain soon reached Liverpool, and it became an outer suburb of metropolitan Sydney with a strong working-class presence and manufacturing facilities. Liverpool also became renowned for its vast Housing Commission estates housing thousands of low-income families after the slum clearance and urban renewal programs in inner-city Sydney in the 1960s.
The Liverpool central business district has become the major commercial centre of south-west Sydney, as it includes many shopping centers and high-rise office buildings. Within the City of Liverpool area there are many open spaces and natural environment areas. These include the Georges River, Chipping Norton Lakes and other bushland areas which are part of Western Sydney Parklands. A shooting centre in the area was used as part of the 2000 Olympic Games, and Warwick Farm Racecourse is used as a track for horse race meetings in Sydney. A significant part of the City's land area is still devoted to smallhold agriculture, though this is slowly being enveloped by urban sprawl.
Liverpool's road transport facilities include the Hume Highway, the Cumberland Highway, the M5 motorway, and the M7 motorway. The local government area is connected to the Sydney Trains commuter rail network on the Airport, Inner West & South, Bankstown and Cumberland lines. These services generally use the Main Southern railway line through the Liverpool local government area. The Liverpool–Parramatta T-way bus rapid transit line links the City of Liverpool with the City of Parramatta.
The City of Liverpool is home to the largest municipal library in Australia, a large teaching hospital, two technical colleges and many shopping centres and office buildings. Industries include a large cable factory, a telephone manufacturer, pharmaceutical laboratories and cold storage plants.
Suburbs and localities in the local government area
The following suburbs and localities are located within the City of Liverpool
- Badgerys Creek (shared with Penrith)
- Bringelly (shared with Camden)
- Carnes Hill
- Cecil Hills
- Cecil Park (shared with Fairfield)
- Chipping Norton
- Denham Court (shared with Campbelltown)
- Edmondson Park
- Green Valley
- Horningsea Park
- Hoxton Park
- Kemps Creek (shared with Penrith)
- Leppington (shared with Camden)
- Luddenham (shared with Penrith)
- Middleton Grange
- Mount Pritchard (shared with Fairfield)
- Pleasure Point
- Rossmore (shared with Camden)
- Voyager Point
- Wallacia (shared with Penrith and Wollondilly)
- Warwick Farm
- Wattle Grove
- West Hoxton
At the 2011 census, there were 180,143 people in the Liverpool local government area, of these 49.6 per cent were male and 50.4 per cent were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.5 per cent of the population, compared with the state and national averages of 2.5 per cent. The median age of people in the City of Liverpool was 33 years; notably below the national median of 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 23.5% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 9.2 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 52.9 per cent were married and 10.5 per cent were either divorced or separated.
Population growth in the City of Liverpool between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 7.14 per cent and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 census, population growth was 9.44 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78 per cent and 8.32 per cent respectively, population growth in the Liverpool local government area was significantly higher than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Liverpool was lower than the national average.
At the 2011 Census, the area was linguistically diverse, with a significantly higher than average proportion (55.9 per cent) where two or more languages are spoken (national average was 20.4 per cent); and a significantly lower proportion (44.4 per cent) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 76.8 per cent). The proportion of residents who stated a religious affiliation with Islam was in excess of four times the national average; and the proportion of residents with no religion about one–third the national average.
|Selected historical census data for Liverpool local government area|
|Population||Estimated residents on Census night||153,633||164,603||180,143|
|LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales||16th||12th|
|% of New South Wales population||2.60%|
|% of Australian population||0.82%||0.83%||0.83%|
|Cultural and language diversity|
(other than English)
|Median weekly incomes|
|Personal income||Median weekly personal income||A$440||A$510|
|% of Australian median income||94.4%||88.4%|
|Family income||Median weekly family income||A$1,082||A$1,401|
|% of Australian median income||105.4%||94.6%|
|Household income||Median weekly household income||A$1,155||A$1,299|
|% of Australian median income||98.6%||105.7%|
City of Liverpool (New South Wales) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.