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List of cities in Australia by population facts for kids

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This list of Australian cities by population provides rankings of Australian cities and towns according to various systems defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The eight Greater Capital City Statistical Areas are listed for the state and territory capital cities. All Significant Urban Areas, representing urban agglomerations of over 10,000 population, are listed next. The fifty largest Urban Centres (built-up area) are ranked, and lastly the fifty largest Local Government Areas, the units of local government below the states and territories, are also ranked.

Greater Capital City Statistical Areas by population

Each capital city forms its own Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA), which according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) represents a broad functional definition of each of the eight state and territory capital cities. In Australia, the population of the GCCSA is the most-often quoted figure for the population of capital cities. These units correspond broadly to the international concept of metropolitan areas.

Rank Greater Capital City Statistical Area June 2019 estimated resident population 2018-19 growth 2018-19 % change
1 Greater Sydney 5,312,163 87,065 1.7
2 Greater Melbourne 5,078,193 113,480 2.3
3 Greater Brisbane 2,514,184 52,587 2.1
4 Greater Perth 2,085,973 27,405 1.3
5 Greater Adelaide 1,359,760 13,900 1.0
6 Australian Capital Territory (Canberra) 426,704 6,325 1.5
7 Greater Hobart 236,136 3,445 1.5
8 Greater Darwin 147,255 -1,141 -0.8

Significant Urban Areas by population

The following ranks the SUAs, including those of the capital cities (which are smaller than their respective GCCSAs, except for Canberra's, which includes adjacent Queanbeyan, in New South Wales). Capitals are in bold. Significant Urban Areas are defined to represent significant towns and cities, or agglomerations of smaller towns, that have at least 10,000 total population. Significant Urban Areas may contain more than one distinct Urban Centre.

Rank SUA State/territory Population Growth Percentage of national
population (June 2018)
Estimated resident population, June 2019 2011 Census
1 Sydney New South Wales 4,914,343 4,391,674 +19.10% 20.93%
2 Melbourne Victoria 4,893,870 3,999,982 +24.08% 19.86%
3 Brisbane Queensland 2,430,180 2,065,996 +19.20% 9.85%
4 Perth Western Australia 2,045,479 1,728,867 +19.12% 8.24%
5 Adelaide South Australia 1,340,794 1,262,940 +6.56% 5.38%
6 Gold CoastTweed Heads Queensland/New South Wales 693,671 557,822 +21.75% 2.72%
7 NewcastleMaitland New South Wales 491,474 398,770 +22.05% 1.95%
8 CanberraQueanbeyan Australian Capital Territory/New South Wales 462,136 391,645 +16.83% 1.83%
9 Sunshine Coast Queensland 341,069 270,770 +23.14% 1.33%
10 Central Coast New South Wales 335,470
11 Wollongong New South Wales 306,034 268,944 +12.57% 1.21%
12 Geelong Victoria 275,794 173,454 +54.67% 1.07%
13 Hobart Tasmania 216,682 211,656 +9.90% 0.93%
14 Townsville Queensland 181,668 162,292 +11.42% 0.72%
15 Cairns Queensland 153,951 133,911 +14.05% 0.61%
16 Toowoomba Queensland 138,223 105,984 +29.13% 0.55%
17 Darwin Northern Territory 133,331 120,586 +23.20% 0.59%
18 Ballarat Victoria 107,652 91,801 +14.89% 0.42%
19 Bendigo Victoria 100,991 86,079 +15.15% 0.40%
20 AlburyWodonga New South Wales/Victoria 94,837 82,083 +14.03% 0.37%
21 Launceston Tasmania 88,178 82,220 +6.21% 0.35%
22 Mackay Queensland 80,264 77,293 +3.69% 0.32%
23 Rockhampton Queensland 79,081 73,681 +6.67% 0.31%
24 Bunbury Western Australia 74,591 65,608 +13.34% 0.30%
25 Coffs Harbour New South Wales 72,541 64,243 +11.80% 0.29%
26 Melton Victoria 72,177
27 Bundaberg Queensland 71,309 67,341 +5.32% 0.28%
28 Wagga Wagga New South Wales 56,675 52,042 +8.45% 0.23%
29 Hervey Bay Queensland 55,345 48,680 +12.31% 0.22%
30 MilduraWentworth Victoria/New South Wales 52,176 47,536 +9.19% 0.21%
31 Shepparton–Mooroopna Victoria 52,104 46,505 +11.02% 0.21%
32 Port Macquarie New South Wales 48,723 41,723 +14.98% 0.19%
33 GladstoneTannum Sands Queensland 45,631 41,966 +7.54% 0.18%
34 Tamworth New South Wales 43,188 38,735 +10.68% 0.17%
35 TraralgonMorwell Victoria 42,249 39,705 +5.74% 0.17%
36 Orange New South Wales 40,804 36,468 +11.04% 0.16%
37 BowralMittagong New South Wales 40,411 34,858 +14.43% 0.16%
38 Busselton Western Australia 39,618 30,286 +28.51% 0.16%
39 Warragul–Drouin Victoria 39,217 29,944 +26.66% 0.15%
40 Dubbo New South Wales 38,767 33,997 +12.93% 0.15%
41 NowraBomaderry New South Wales 37,838 33,338 +12.24% 0.15%
42 Geraldton Western Australia 37,255 35,749 +5.31% 0.15%
43 Bathurst New South Wales 37,191 32,479 +13.31% 0.15%
44 Warrnambool Victoria 35,523 32,380 +8.75% 0.14%
45 Albany Western Australia 34,367 30,656 +11.58% 0.14%
46 Devonport Tasmania 30,629 29,051 +4.29% 0.12%
47 Mount Gambier South Australia 29,767 27,756 +6.78% 0.12%
48 KalgoorlieBoulder Western Australia 29,326 30,842 −3.22% 0.12%
49 Lismore New South Wales 28,576 28,285 +1.54% 0.11%
50 Nelson Bay New South Wales 28,276 25,074 +11.87% 0.11%
51 BurnieWynyard Tasmania 27,343 26,869 +1.15% 0.11%
52 Maryborough Queensland 27,286 26,214 +4.07% 0.11%
53 Victor HarborGoolwa South Australia 26,921 23,850 +11.25% 0.11%
54 Ballina New South Wales 26,625 23,509 +12.22% 0.11%
55 Taree New South Wales 26,394 25,421 +3.78% 0.11%
56 Alice Springs Northern Territory 26,390 25,186 +5.35% 0.11%
57 MorissetCooranbong New South Wales 25,662 21,774 +16.23% 0.10%
58 Armidale New South Wales 24,584 22,464 +9.08% 0.10%
59 Goulburn New South Wales 24,070 21,484 +10.94% 0.10%
60 Bacchus Marsh Victoria 22,964
61 Gisborne–Macedon Victoria 22,141
62 Gympie Queensland 21,868 19,510 +10.71% 0.09%
63 Whyalla South Australia 21,638 21,991 −1.13% 0.09%
64 EchucaMoama Victoria/New South Wales 21,392 19,309 +10.01% 0.08%
65 ForsterTuncurry New South Wales 21,221 19,500 +6.51% 0.08%
66 Griffith New South Wales 20,399 17,900 +13.13% 0.08%
67 St Georges Basin–Sanctuary Point New South Wales 19,555 12,611 +52.65% 0.08%
68 Wangaratta Victoria 19,411 17,686 +9.23% 0.08%
69 Yeppoon Queensland 19,267 16,372 +16.07% 0.08%
70 Murray Bridge South Australia 19,078 16,708 +12.40% 0.08%
71 Grafton New South Wales 19,046 18,359 +3.92% 0.08%
72 Mount Isa Queensland 18,310 20,569 −9.63% 0.07%
73 Camden Haven New South Wales 18,149 15,741 +13.30% 0.07%
74 Broken Hill New South Wales 17,479 18,517 −4.23% 0.07%
75 Karratha Western Australia 17,102 16,476 +1.41% 0.07%
76 Moe–Newborough Victoria 16,821 16,674 +0.83% 0.07%
77 Horsham Victoria 16,589 15,894 +3.90% 0.07%
78 Batemans Bay New South Wales 16,553 15,733 +4.78% 0.07%
79 Ulladulla New South Wales 16,495 14,149 +14.59% 0.06%
80 Port Lincoln South Australia 16,418 15,221 +7.26% 0.07%
81 Singleton New South Wales 16,277 16,135 +1.31% 0.07%
82 Bairnsdale Victoria 15,565 13,243 +16.37% 0.06%
83 Kempsey New South Wales 15,378 14,494 +5.62% 0.06%
84 Warwick Queensland 15,277 14,607 +5.29% 0.06%
85 Sale Victoria 15,135 14,258 +5.35% 0.06%
86 Yanchep Western Australia 14,612
87 Ulverstone Tasmania 14,552 14,109 +2.70% 0.06%
88 Port Hedland Western Australia 14,476 13,772 +3.98% 0.06%
89 Broome Western Australia 14,371 12,766 +13.15% 0.06%
90 Emerald Queensland 14,290 13,219 +6.81% 0.06%
91 Port Pirie South Australia 14,162 14,043 +1.03% 0.06%
92 Port Augusta South Australia 13,561 13,658 +1.03% 0.06%
93 Lithgow New South Wales 12,907 12,249 +5.91% 0.05%
94 Colac Victoria 12,574 11,778 +6.53% 0.05%
95 Mudgee New South Wales 12,518 10,483 +18.38% 0.05%
96 Muswellbrook New South Wales 12,372 11,791 +4.86% 0.05%
97 Esperance Western Australia 12,130 11,432 +6.24% 0.05%
98 Parkes New South Wales 11,208 10,941 +2.59% 0.04%
99 Swan Hill Victoria 11,089 10,430 +6.45% 0.04%
100 Portland Victoria 10,928 10,715 +1.73% 0.04%
101 Kingaroy Queensland 10,306 9,808 +6.02% 0.04%

50 largest Urban Centres by population

Urban Centres are defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics as being a population cluster of 1,000 or more people. For statistical purposes, people living in Urban Centres are classified as urban. The figures below represent the populations of the contiguous built-up areas of each city; with State and territory capitals in bold. These figures are only updated every census, as the ABS does not render population projections for Urban Centres, and as such can only be as up-to-date as the most recent census year.

Rank
(2016)
Urban Centre Estimated resident population GCCSA
(if part of larger statistical area)
Ranking in state or territory, 2016
2016 census 2011 census 2006 census ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas WA Vic
Steady 1 Sydney 4,321,535 3,908,642 3,641,422 Sydney 1
Steady 2 Melbourne 4,196,198 3,707,530 3,371,888 Melbourne 1
Steady 3 Brisbane 2,054,614 1,874,427 1,676,389 Brisbane 1
Steady 4 Perth 1,874,578 1,627,576 1,256,035 Perth 1
Steady 5 Adelaide 1,165,632 1,103,979 1,040,719 Adelaide 1
Steady 6 Gold CoastTweed Heads 600,335 533,660 454,436 2 2
Steady 7 CanberraQueanbeyan 431,668 391,474 356,120 Canberra 1 3
Steady 8 Newcastle 322,278 308,308 288,732 Newcastle 4
Steady 9 Central Coast 307,742 297,713 282,726 Sydney 5
Steady 10 Wollongong 261,896 245,942 234,482 6
Steady 11 Sunshine Coast 243,377 209,263 184,662 3
Steady 12 Hobart 178,009 170,975 128,557 Hobart 1
Steady 13 Townsville 168,729 157,748 128,808 Townsville 4
Steady 14 Geelong 157,104 143,291 137,220 2
Steady 15 Cairns 144,730 133,893 98,349 Cairns 5
Steady 16 Darwin 118,456 103,016 89,905 Darwin 1
Steady 17 Toowoomba 100,032 96,597 95,265 6
Steady 18 Ballarat 93,759 85,935 78,221 3
Steady 19 Bendigo 92,379 82,794 76,051 4
Steady 20 Mandurah 83,294 75,306 71,097 Perth 2
Steady 21 AlburyWodonga 83,104 77,232 73,497 7 5
Increase 22 Maitland 78,015 67,132 61,431 Newcastle 8
Decrease 23 Mackay 75,710 74,219 66,874 7
Decrease 24 Launceston 75,329 74,085 71,395 2
Steady 25 Bunbury 71,090 64,385 54,482 3
Steady 26 Rockhampton 61,214 61,724 60,827 8
Increase 27 Melton 54,456 45,624 35,490 Melbourne 6
Steady 28 Hervey Bay 52,073 48,680 41,225 9
Decrease 29 Bundaberg 50,148 49,750 46,961 10
Decrease 30 Wagga Wagga 48,263 46,913 46,735 9
Steady 31 Coffs Harbour 48,225 45,580 26,353 10
Steady 32 Shepparton–Mooroopna 46,199 42,741 38,773 7
Steady 33 Port Macquarie 44,814 41,491 39,219 11
Increase 34 Orange 37,182 34,992 31,544 12
Increase 35 MilduraBuronga 35,598 33,432 30,823 13 8
Increase 36 Sunbury 34,425 33,062 29,566 Melbourne 9
Increase 37 Dubbo 34,339 32,327 30,574 14
Decrease 38 Tamworth 33,885 36,131 33,475 15
Increase 39 Bathurst 33,587 31,294 28,992 16
Decrease 40 Gladstone 33,418 32,073 28,808 11
Steady 41 Geraldton 31,982 31,349 27,420 4
Increase 42 NowraBomaderry 30,853 27,988 27,478 17
Steady 43 Warrnambool 30,709 29,284 28,150 10
Decrease 44 KalgoorlieBoulder 29,875 30,840 28,242 5
Increase 45 Albany 29,373 26,643 25,196 6
Decrease 46 Lismore 27,569 27,474 27,069 18
Increase 47 Gawler 26,472 23,957 20,006 Adelaide 2
Decrease 48 Mount Gambier 26,148 25,199 23,494 3
Decrease 49 Traralgon 25,485 24,590 21,960 11
Increase 50 Busselton 25,329 21,407 15,386 7

50 largest Local Government Areas by population

Local government areas (LGAs) are the main units of local government in Australia. They may be termed cities, shires, councils or other names, and all function similarly. Local Government Areas cover around 90 per cent of the nation. Significant sections of South Australia and New South Wales are unincorporated, that is, have no defined local government, along with the ACT and smaller sections of Northern Territory and Victoria. Brisbane, which covers multiple LGAs, is the only state capital city with a local government area covering a significant portion of its urban area. Other capital cities are serviced by LGAs which cover a much smaller proportion of their total urban areas.

The following table lists local government areas ranked by order based on the estimated population as sourced from the Australian Bureau of Statistics product Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18 (catalog 3218.0).

Rank
(2019)
Local government area Estimated resident population Ranking in state or territory, 2019
2019 2018 Qld NSW WA Vic SA
Steady 1 City of Brisbane 1,253,982 1,230,938 1
Steady 2 City of Gold Coast 620,518 606,528 2
Steady 3 Moreton Bay Region 469,465 459,456 3
Steady 4 City of Canterbury-Bankstown 377,917 373,486 1
Steady 5 City of Blacktown 366,534 357,839 2
Increase 6 City of Casey 353,872 340,443 1
Decrease 7 Central Coast Council 343,968 341,693 3
Steady 8 City of Logan 334,358 326,494 4
Steady 9 Sunshine Coast Region 328,428 319,837 5
Steady 10 Northern Beaches Council 273,499 271,027 4
Steady 11 City of Wyndham 270,487 255,367 2
Steady 12 City of Greater Geelong 258,934 252,229 3
Steady 13 City of Parramatta Council 257,197 251,065 5
Steady 14 City of Sydney 246,343 240,102 6
Steady 15 Cumberland Council 241,521 236,599 7
Increase 16 City of Hume 233,471 224,423 4
Decrease 17 Sutherland Shire 230,611 228,980 8
Steady 18 City of Whittlesea 230,238 223,347 5
Steady 19 City of Liverpool 227,585 223,025 9
Increase 20 City of Ipswich 222,307 213,568 6
Decrease 21 City of Stirling 221,040 220,135 1
Steady 22 City of Wollongong 218,114 215,856 10
Increase 23 City of Penrith 212,977 208,947 11
Decrease 24 City of Fairfield 211,695 210,417 12
Steady 25 City of Brimbank 209,523 208,744 6
Increase 26 City of Wanneroo 208,237 203,609 2
Decrease 27 City of Lake Macquarie 205,901 204,694 13
Steady 28 City of Monash 202,847 200,212 7
Steady 29 Inner West Council 200,811 197,836 14
Steady 30 City of Townsville 195,032 194,019 7
Steady 31 City of Moreland 185,767 181,780 8
Steady 32 City of Boroondara 183,199 181,376 9
Increase 33 City of Melbourne 178,955 170,317 10
Decrease 34 City of Whitehorse 178,739 176,273 11
Decrease 35 Bayside Council 178,396 174,218 15
Decrease 36 The Hills Shire 177,969 172,339 16
Decrease 37 City of Onkaparinga 172,938 171,496 1
Steady 38 City of Campbelltown (New South Wales) 170,943 167,930 17
Steady 39 Toowoomba Region 169,008 167,611 8
Steady 40 City of Greater Dandenong 168,201 166,140 12
Steady 41 Shire of Mornington Peninsula 167,636 165,823 13
Steady 42 Cairns Region 166,862 165,462 9
Increase 43 City of Kingston 165,782 163,452 14
Decrease 44 City of Newcastle 165,571 163,943 18
Increase 45 City of Melton 164,895 156,718 15
Decrease 46 City of Knox 164,538 163,212 16
Decrease 47 City of Darebin 164,184 161,653 17
Decrease 48 City of Joondalup 159,806 159,997 3
Decrease 49 Georges River Council 159,471 158,283 19
Decrease 50 Yarra Ranges Shire 159,462 158,171 18

Apart from the City of Brisbane, the populations of the central local government areas in other capitals are either modest or relatively small. In June 2019, Sydney had 246,343, Melbourne 178,955, Darwin 82,886, Hobart 54,649, Perth 28,832, and Adelaide 25,456. Generally speaking, there are many suburban local government areas in most Australian capitals that are significantly larger in population than the central business district local government area.

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