List of cities in Australia by population facts for kids

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Map of major cities in Australia.

This list of Australian cities by population provides rankings of Australian cities according to various systems defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Firstly, they are ranked by Greater Capital City Statistical Area (for capital cities) and Significant Urban Area (for other cities). They are also ranked by Urban Centre and by Local Government Area (known internationally as 'city proper').

Greater Capital City Statistical Areas/Significant Urban Areas by population

Each capital city forms its own Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA), which according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) represents a broad socioeconomic definition of each of the eight state and territory capital cities. These correspond to the more common and international usage of metropolitan areas. Significant Urban Areas are similarly defined but include population centres which are not capital cities. In Australia the population of the GCCSA/SUA is the most-often quoted figure for that city's population. The following ranks GCSSAs and SUAs which are not included within the GCCSAs with populations of over 30,000.

Greater Capital City Statistical Areas are in bold, the remainder are Significant Urban Areas.

Rank GCCSA/SUA State/Territory June 2015
population
Percentage of
national population
1 Sydney New South Wales 4,920,970 20.70%
2 Melbourne Victoria 4,529,496 19.05%
3 Brisbane Queensland 2,308,720 9.71%
4 Perth Western Australia 2,039,193 8.58%
5 Adelaide South Australia 1,316,779 5.54%
6 Gold CoastTweed Heads Queensland/New South Wales 624,918 2.63%
7 NewcastleMaitland New South Wales 434,454 1.83%
8 CanberraQueanbeyan Australian Capital Territory/New South Wales 424,666 1.79%
* Australian Capital Territory Australian Capital Territory 390,706 1.64%
9 Sunshine Coast Queensland 302,122 1.27%
10 Wollongong New South Wales 292,388 1.23%
11 Hobart Tasmania 220,593 0.93%
12 Geelong Victoria 187,417 0.79%
13 Townsville Queensland 180,333 0.76%
14 Cairns Queensland 147,993 0.62%
15 Darwin Northern Territory 142,258 0.60%
16 Toowoomba Queensland 114,622 0.48%
17 Ballarat Victoria 99,841 0.42%
18 Bendigo Victoria 92,888 0.39%
19 AlburyWodonga New South Wales/Victoria 88,949 0.37%
20 Launceston Tasmania 86,633 0.36%
21 Mackay Queensland 85,455 0.36%
22 Rockhampton Queensland 80,665 0.34%
23 Bunbury Western Australia 75,628 0.32%
24 Bundaberg Queensland 70,588 0.30%
25 Coffs Harbour New South Wales 68,572 0.29%
26 Wagga Wagga New South Wales 55,820 0.23%
27 Hervey Bay Queensland 52,288 0.22%
28 Mildura–Wentworth Victoria/New South Wales 50,011 0.21%
29 Shepparton–Mooroopna Victoria 49,371 0.21%
30 GladstoneTannum Sands Queensland 49,248 0.21%
31 Port Macquarie New South Wales 45,341 0.19%
32 Tamworth New South Wales 42,255 0.18%
33 TraralgonMorwell Victoria 40,816 0.17%
34 Orange New South Wales 40,075 0.17%
35 Geraldton Western Australia 39,825 0.17%
36 BowralMittagong New South Wales 37,897 0.16%
37 Dubbo New South Wales 36,941 0.16%
38 Busselton Western Australia 36,285 0.15%
39 Bathurst New South Wales 36,013 0.15%
40 NowraBomaderry New South Wales 35,920 0.15%
41 Warrnambool Victoria 33,979 0.14%
42 Albany Western Australia 33,970 0.14%
43 Warragul–Drouin Victoria 33,386 0.14%
44 Kalgoorlie-Boulder Western Australia 32,797 0.14%
45 Devonport Tasmania 30,497 0.13%
Notes

50 largest urban centres by population

Urban Centres are defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics as being a population cluster of 1,000 or more people. For statistical purposes, people living in Urban Centres are classified as urban. The figures below represent the populations of the contiguous built-up areas of each city; with State and territory capitals in bold. These figures are only updated every census, as the ABS does not render population projections for Urban Centres, and as such can only be as up-to-date as the most recent census year.

Estimated resident population Statistical Division/
District
(if part of larger SD)
Ranking in state or territory, 2011
Rank Urban Centre 2011 Census 2006 Census ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas WA Vic
Steady 1 Sydney 3,908,642 3,641,422 1
Steady 2 Melbourne 3,707,530 3,371,888 1
Steady 3 Brisbane 1,874,427 1,676,389 1
Steady 4 Perth 1,627,576 1,256,035 1
Steady 5 Adelaide 1,103,979 1,040,719 1
Steady 6 Gold CoastTweed Heads 533,660 454,436 2 2
Steady 7 CanberraQueanbeyan 391,474 356,120 1 3
Steady 8 Newcastle 308,308 288,732 Hunter 4
Steady 9 Central Coast 297,713 282,726 Sydney 5
Steady 10 Wollongong 245,942 234,482 Illawarra 6
Steady 11 Sunshine Coast 209,263 184,662 3
Increase 12 Hobart 170,975 128,557 1
Increase 13 Townsville 157,748 128,808 4
Decrease 14 Geelong 143,291 137,220 2
Steady 15 Cairns 133,893 98,349 5
Increase 16 Darwin 103,016 89,905 1
Decrease 17 Toowoomba 96,597 95,265 6
Steady 18 Ballarat 85,935 78,221 3
Steady 19 Bendigo 82,794 76,051 4
Steady 20 AlburyWodonga 77,232 73,497 7 5
Increase 21 Mackay 74,219 66,874 7
Decrease 22 Launceston 74,085 71,395 2
Decrease 23 Mandurah 69,903 67,813 Perth (GCCSA only) 2
Steady 24 Maitland 67,132 61,431 Newcastle 8
Increase 25 Bunbury 64,385 54,482 3
Decrease 26 Rockhampton 61,724 60,827 8
Steady 27 Bundaberg 49,750 46,961 9
Increase 28 Hervey Bay 48,680 41,225 10
Decrease 29 Wagga Wagga 46,913 46,735 9
Increase 30 Melton 45,624 35,490 Melbourne 6
Increase 31 Coffs Harbour 45,580 26,353 10
Decrease 32 Shepparton–Mooroopna 42,741 38,773 7
Decrease 33 Port Macquarie 41,491 39,219 11
Decrease 34 Tamworth 36,131 33,475 12
Decrease 35 Orange 34,992 31,544 13
Increase 36 Mildura–Buronga 33,432 30,823 14 8
Increase 37 Sunbury 33,062 29,566 Melbourne 9
Increase 38 Pakenham 32,911 18,808 Melbourne 10
Decrease 39 Dubbo 32,327 30,574 15
Steady 40 Gladstone 32,073 28,808 11
Increase 41 Geraldton 31,349 27,420 4
Decrease 42 Bathurst 31,294 28,992 16
Decrease 43 Kalgoorlie-Boulder 30,840 28,242 5
Decrease 44 Warrnambool 29,284 28,150 11
Decrease 45 NowraBomaderry 27,988 27,478 17
Decrease 46 Lismore 27,474 27,069 18
Steady 47 Albany 26,643 25,196 6
Steady 48 Mount Gambier 25,199 23,494 2
Steady 49 Traralgon 24,590 21,960 12
Steady 50 Alice Springs 24,208 21,622 2

30 largest local government areas by population

Local government areas are the main units of local government in Australia. They may be termed cities, shires, councils or other names, and all function similarly. Brisbane, which covers multiple LGAs, is the only state capital city with a local government area covering a significant portion of its urban area. Other capital cities are serviced by LGAs which cover a much smaller proportion of their total urban areas. A New South Wales review of local government areas resulted in various amalgamations of local government authorities in the state, reflected below, based on amalgamation of 2015 Australian Bureau of Statistics population figures

Estimated resident population Statistical Division/
District
Ranking in state, 2015
Rank Local government area 2011 census 2015 Qld NSW WA Vic
Steady 1 City of Brisbane 1,041,839 1,162,186 Brisbane 1
Steady 2 City of Gold Coast 494,501 555,608 Gold Coast 2
Steady 3 Moreton Bay Region 378,045 425,482 Brisbane 3
new 4 Canterbury-Bankstown Council 350,983 354,948 Sydney 1
Decrease 5 City of Blacktown 301,099 339,328 Sydney 2
new 6 Central Coast Council 331,007 333,119 Central Coast 3
Decrease 7 City of Logan 278,050 308,681 Brisbane 4
Decrease 8 City of Casey 252,382 292,211 Melbourne 1
Decrease 9 Sunshine Coast Region 306,909 287,539 Sunshine Coast 5
new 10 Northern Beaches Council 263,413 266,247 Sydney 4
new 11 City of Parramatta Council 215,925 230,167 Sydney 5
Decrease 12 City of Greater Geelong 210,875 229,420 Geelong 2
Decrease 13 City of Stirling 195,702 227,566 Perth 1
Decrease 14 Sutherland Shire 210,863 226,220 Sydney 6
new 15 Cumberland Council 219,147 219,312 Sydney 7
Increase 16 City of Wyndham 161,575 209,847 Melbourne 3
Decrease 17 City of Wollongong 205,231 208,875 Illawarra 8
Increase 18 City of Sydney 169,505 205,339 Sydney 9
Decrease 19 City of Liverpool 180,143 204,594 Sydney 10
Decrease 20 City of Fairfield 198,301 204,442 Sydney 11
Decrease 21 City of Lake Macquarie 189,006 204,166 Newcastle 12
Decrease 22 City of Brimbank 182,735 199,432 Melbourne 4
Decrease 23 City of Penrith 178,467 197,922 Sydney 13
Increase 24 City of Whittlesea 154,880 195,397 Melbourne 5
Decrease 25 City of Hume 167,562 194,006 Melbourne 6
Decrease 26 City of Townsville 174,492 193,946 Northern 6
Increase 27 City of Ipswich 166,904 193,015 Brisbane 7
Increase 28 City of Wanneroo 152,077 188,785 Perth 2
Decrease 29 City of Monash 169,280 187,286 Melbourne 7
Increase 29 City of Boroondara 159,184 174,787 Melbourne 8

Apart from the City of Brisbane, City of Sydney and City of Melbourne, the populations of the central local government areas in other capitals is relatively small. As at 2015, Melbourne had 128,980, Darwin 82,912, Hobart 50,714, Adelaide 23,169 and Perth 21,092. Generally speaking, there are many suburban local government areas in most Australian capitals that are significantly larger in population than the central business district local government area.hi:आस्ट्रेलिया के नगर lt:Australijos miestai sr:Списак градова у Аустралији


List of cities in Australia by population Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.