Singleton, New South Wales facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Singleton
New South Wales
Population: 16921
Postcode: 2330
Elevation: 40 m (131 ft)
Location:
LGA: Singleton Shire Council
County: Northumberland
State District: Upper Hunter
Federal Division: Hunter
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
24.7 °C
76 °F
11.1 °C
52 °F
645.4 mm
25.4 in

Singleton is a town on the banks of the Hunter River in New South Wales, Australia. Singleton is 197 kilometres (122 mi) north-north-west of Sydney, and 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Newcastle. At June 2015, Singleton had an urban population of 16,921.

Singleton's main urban area includes the town centre, Singleton Heights, Dunolly, Darlington, The Retreat, Wattle ponds and Hunterview. Surrounding rural villages include Broke, Camberwell, Jerrys Plains, Goorangoola/Greenlands and Belford.

Singleton is located on the north-eastern part of the geological structure known as the Sydney basin, which borders the New England region.

History

Singleton was established in the 1820s by John Howe. In its early years, it was also called Patrick's Plains. The Main Northern railway line reached Singleton in 1863 and was the end of the line until 1869. The town retains many historic buildings, including the original court house built in 1841, various large churches and many traditional Australian pubs. The countryside surrounding Singleton contains an unusual number of fine old mansions, reflecting the aristocratic nature of land grants when the area was settled. They include 'Neotsfield' (1828), the elaborate 'Baroona' (1829), 'Abbey Green' (1865) and stunning 'Minimbah' (1877).

Singleton was subject to the major flooding of the Hunter River in 1955, causing extensive damage to the town. When the area was being settled, the government originally attempted to create a town at Whittingham in a flood-free area, but the town grew by the river nonetheless. An embankment was constructed following the 1955 floods to help protect the town against any future flooding.

Climate

Singleton has a humid subtropical climate with hot wet summers and cool drier winters.

Climate data for Singleton
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.4
(111.9)
40.0
(104)
41.0
(105.8)
34.7
(94.5)
28.2
(82.8)
25.4
(77.7)
26.0
(78.8)
30.4
(86.7)
33.0
(91.4)
39.0
(102.2)
43.0
(109.4)
41.4
(106.5)
44.4
(111.9)
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
29.6
(85.3)
27.7
(81.9)
25.4
(77.7)
21.1
(70)
18.3
(64.9)
18.0
(64.4)
20.1
(68.2)
23.1
(73.6)
26.0
(78.8)
27.6
(81.7)
29.7
(85.5)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
17.2
(63)
15.2
(59.4)
11.1
(52)
8.6
(47.5)
5.6
(42.1)
4.8
(40.6)
5.0
(41)
8.0
(46.4)
10.7
(51.3)
13.5
(56.3)
15.9
(60.6)
11.1
(52)
Record low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
9.6
(49.3)
7.5
(45.5)
2.5
(36.5)
0.4
(32.7)
-2.0
(28.4)
-3.9
(25)
-4.2
(24.4)
0.4
(32.7)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41)
8.1
(46.6)
-4.2
(24.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 70.2
(2.764)
107.6
(4.236)
75.1
(2.957)
38.3
(1.508)
37.8
(1.488)
31.7
(1.248)
41.7
(1.642)
27.6
(1.087)
44.1
(1.736)
32.8
(1.291)
59.2
(2.331)
86.6
(3.409)
649.4
(25.567)
Humidity 49 52 54 51 60 57 54 44 43 43 46 47 50
Avg. precipitation days 10.1 10.1 9.1 7.1 8.1 8.4 7.1 6.8 8.3 6.6 10.5 9.9 102.1

Transport

The town is located at the junction of the New England Highway and Putty Road. The Golden Highway branches northwest from the New England Highway ten kilometres south of Singleton. Singleton is also served by local and long-distance rail services. Singleton railway station on the Main Northern railway line is located at the southern end of the town centre. There are also bus services, both intercity and local.

Tourism

Singleton Sundial Feb 2010
One of the world's largest sundials, Singleton
  • Sundial. Singleton is home to one of the world's largest sundials, presented by a local coal mine for the 1988 Bicentennial Celebrations.
  • Wineries. The town is close to the famous Pokolbin wine region (southeast). There are also many wineries in the shire, especially around Broke.
  • Boating. Lake St Clair is an artificial lake located to the north of the town, with facilities for boating and camping.
  • National Parks. Wollemi and Yengo National Parks are located south of the town via the Putty Road. Barrington Tops National Park borders the north of the shire.
  • Museums. Singleton has three main museums, the Singleton Historic Society Museum in Burdekin Park, the Royal Australian Infantry Corps Museum at the nearby barracks and the Mercy Convent Museum 'Sacred Spaces' within the grounds of the Convent of the Sisters of Mercy (Singleton).

Heritage sites

Singleton Shire contains a number of buildings and other sites that are on the Register of the National Estate

  • Anglican Church of St James, Jerrys Plains
  • Strowan, Denman Road, Jerrys Plains
  • Singleton railway station
  • All Saints Church, Singleton, including Rectory, Dangars Mausoleum and All Saints Sunday School
  • Court House, Elizabeth Street, Singleton
  • Ewbank and outbuildings, George Street, Singleton
  • Club House Hotel, John Street, Singleton
  • Minimbah House (formerly Dulcamah), Whittingham, near Singleton
  • Appletree Aboriginal Area, 75 kilometres north-west of Newcastle
  • Baiame Cave (popular name), Milbrodale

Sister city

 Japan - Takahata, Yamagata, Japan


Singleton, New South Wales Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.