Cessnock, New South Wales facts for kids

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Cessnock
New South Wales
Cessnock, NSW.jpg
Cessnock, New South Wales
Population: 22596
Postcode: 2325
Elevation: 80 m (262 ft)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST)

AEST (UTC+10)

AEDT (UTC+11)

Location:
LGA: City of Cessnock
Region: Hunter
County: Northumberland
Parish: Cessnock
State District:
  • Cessnock
  • Upper Hunter
Federal Division: Hunter
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
24.6 °C
76 °F
11.1 °C
52 °F
747.5 mm
29.4 in

Cessnock is a city in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia, about 52 km (32 mi) by road west of Newcastle. It is the administrative centre of the City of Cessnock LGA and was named after an 1826 grant of land called Cessnock Estate, which was owned by John Campbell. The local area was once known as "The Coalfields", and it is the gateway city to the vineyards of the Hunter Valley, which includes Pokolbin, Mount View, Lovedale, Broke, Rothbury, and Branxton. The estimated urban population of Cessnock was 22,596 at June 2015, having grown at an average annual rate, year-on-year, of 2.1 percent over the previous five years.

History

The transition to wine service centre from a once prosperous mining town has been a long and at times difficult process.

Cessnock lies between Australia’s earliest European settlements – Sydney, the Hawkesbury River and Newcastle. Lying on the land route between these important settlements it provided early European contact with indigenous people who have inhabited the Cessnock area for more than 3,000 years. The Wonnarua people were the major inhabitants at the time of European contact, which subsequently proved to be disastrous for the Wonnarua tribe. Many were killed or died as a result of European diseases. Others were forced onto neighbouring tribal territory and killed. The city of Cessnock abounds in indigenous place names and names with indigenous association which is indicative of this settlement and include Congewai, Kurri Kurri, Laguna, Nulkaba and Wollombi.

Pastoralists commenced settling the land in the 1820s. Cessnock was named by Scottish settler John Campbell, after his grandfather's baronial Cessnock Castle in Galston, East Ayrshire, to reflect the aristocratic heritage and ambitions for this estate. The township of Cessnock developed from 1850, as a service centre at the junction of the Great North Road from Sydney to the Hunter Valley, with branches to Maitland and Singleton.

The establishment of the South Maitland coalfields generated extensive land settlement between 1903 and 1923. The current pattern of urban development, transport routes and industrial landscape was laid at this time. The surveying of the Greta coal seam by Professor Edgeworth David around 1888 became the impetus for considerable social and economic change in the area with the development of the coal mining industry.

Geography

The town is located in the rich alluvial and volcanic soils of the Hunter Valley. Rich coal seams underlie much of the area. to the north. Cessnock lies within the Hunter Valley Important Bird Area.

Climate

Climate data for Cessnock Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.0
(113)
44.0
(111.2)
38.4
(101.1)
33.6
(92.5)
29.2
(84.6)
25.3
(77.5)
24.2
(75.6)
30.0
(86)
34.9
(94.8)
38.6
(101.5)
43.2
(109.8)
42.5
(108.5)
45.0
(113)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
28.9
(84)
27.1
(80.8)
24.1
(75.4)
20.5
(68.9)
17.8
(64)
17.2
(63)
19.4
(66.9)
22.4
(72.3)
25.0
(77)
26.6
(79.9)
28.7
(83.7)
24.0
(75.2)
Average low °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
16.8
(62.2)
14.5
(58.1)
10.3
(50.5)
7.4
(45.3)
5.6
(42.1)
4.0
(39.2)
4.5
(40.1)
6.9
(44.4)
9.7
(49.5)
13.0
(55.4)
14.8
(58.6)
10.4
(50.7)
Record low °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
6.1
(43)
4.4
(39.9)
-1.2
(29.8)
-3.8
(25.2)
-4.3
(24.3)
-6.7
(19.9)
-6.7
(19.9)
-2.8
(27)
-0.6
(30.9)
2.8
(37)
2.8
(37)
-6.7
(19.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 72.5
(2.854)
107.4
(4.228)
71.4
(2.811)
49.0
(1.929)
42.5
(1.673)
60.0
(2.362)
29.6
(1.165)
33.2
(1.307)
45.8
(1.803)
51.8
(2.039)
72.7
(2.862)
75.8
(2.984)
707.9
(27.87)
Avg. precipitation days 10.3 11.0 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6 8.5 8.1 7.8 9.8 10.4 10.6 115.3

Transport

For a century Cessnock was served by the South Maitland Railway network, originally constructed for the coal industry, but which, at one time, had considerable passenger services, including a direct train to Sydney known as the Cessnock Flyer.

The Sydney-Newcastle Freeway's Cessnock exit at Freemans Waterhole provides one of the main road connections from Sydney to Cessnock via "The Gap", a pass through the Watagan Mountains range just north of Mount Heaton.

Until the Hunter Expressway opened in 2014, linking the New England Highway at Branxton and the Sydney-Newcastle Freeway at West Wallsend, through traffic passed through Cessnock.

The local airport is placed just to the north of the city, at the entrance to the Vineyard District. It has a small public passenger terminal and also serves as the base for aviation training organisations such as Avondale College's school of Aviation and Hunter Valley Aviation. The airport is not served by RPT flights. Access by air to the region is by Newcastle Airport at Williamtown, 53 km (33 mi) away.

The local bus service is run by Rover Coaches which provide services to Maitland, Newcastle and Morisset and school bus services.

National Estate

CessnockCourtHouse0001
Cessnock Court House, Maitland Road (designed by George McRae, Government Architect)

Greater Cessnock contains a number of buildings and sites that are on the Register of the National Estate.

  • Court House, Branxton
  • Police Station and Residence, Branxton
  • Former Court House, Greta
  • Kurri Kurri Hotel, Lang and Hampden Streets, Kurri Kurri
  • Richmond Main Colliery, Mulbring Rd, Pelaw Main
  • Laguna House, Laguna
  • Post Office, Wollombi
  • Endeavour Museum (former Court House), Wollombi
  • Public School, Wollombi
  • St Michael's Catholic Church, Wollombi
  • St John the Evangelist Anglican Church, Wollombi
  • Stanford Main No.2 Colliery Pit Head Building, Brick Cottages
  • Aboriginal Rock Carvings Site, popularly known as Baiame Cave, Milbrodale Area

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