Karratha, Western Australia facts for kids

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Karratha
Western Australia
Karratha, Western Australia.jpg
Karratha at dusk
Population: 19235
Established: 1968
Postcode: 6714
Time zone: AWST (UTC+8)
Location: 1575 km (979 mi) from Perth
LGA: City of Karratha
State District: Pilbara
Federal Division: Durack
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
40 °C
104 °F
20.7 °C
69 °F
285.1 mm
11.2 in

Karratha is a city in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, adjoining the port of Dampier. It was established in 1968 to accommodate the processing and exportation workforce of the Hamersley Iron mining company and, in the 1980s, the petroleum and liquefied natural gas operations of the North West Shelf Venture. At June 2015, Karratha had an estimated urban population of 19,235. The city's name comes from the cattle station of the same name, which derives from a word in a local Aboriginal language meaning "good country" or "soft earth". The city is the seat of government of the City of Karratha, a local government area covering the surrounding region.

Geography

Karratha, an isolated city, is located approximately 1,535 kilometres (954 mi) north of Perth and 850 kilometres (528 mi) south of Broome on the North West Coastal Highway.

Suburbs

Karratha is composed of 9 main suburbs: Karratha City Centre, Bulgarra, Pegs Creek, Millars Well, Nickol, Nickol West, Baynton, Baynton West, Tambrey and one industrial area, known as both the LIA (Light Industrial Area) and KIE (Karratha Industrial Estate). Karratha's housing development continues, with new villages and suburbs being built. Baynton West is currently being developed. Also a new suburb going east of Bulgarra with an indigenous name, Mulataga has received council approval. There is current development of a second industrial estate: Gap Ridge which is west of the city, past the cemetery.

Climate

Karratha has a hot semi-arid climate, that just avoids a desert climate classification. Temperatures are warm to hot all year round, with low rainfall, most of which falls in late summer due to the influence of tropical cyclones and the monsoon. Even winter temperatures rarely drop below 10 °C, while maximums stay in the mid to high 20 °C's. The record high temperature is 48.2 °C (118.8 °F), while the record low is 6.9 °C (44.4 °F). The highest monthly rainfall ever recorded was 348.8mm (13.7 in) in February 2011, owing to the passage of Tropical Cyclone Carlos and several other monsoonal lows over Karratha.

Climate data for Karratha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 48.2
(118.8)
47.7
(117.9)
45.8
(114.4)
41.3
(106.3)
36.7
(98.1)
32.8
(91)
32.7
(90.9)
35.4
(95.7)
40.7
(105.3)
44.7
(112.5)
44.4
(111.9)
46.9
(116.4)
48.2
(118.8)
Average high °C (°F) 36.1
(97)
35.4
(95.7)
35.9
(96.6)
34.2
(93.6)
30.1
(86.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.2
(79.2)
28.2
(82.8)
30.6
(87.1)
33.7
(92.7)
34.9
(94.8)
35.8
(96.4)
32.3
(90.1)
Average low °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
26.7
(80.1)
25.7
(78.3)
22.6
(72.7)
18.1
(64.6)
14.9
(58.8)
13.7
(56.7)
14.3
(57.7)
16.9
(62.4)
20.5
(68.9)
23.0
(73.4)
25.5
(77.9)
20.7
(69.3)
Record low °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
19.4
(66.9)
13.0
(55.4)
14.7
(58.5)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
6.9
(44.4)
8.0
(46.4)
10.0
(50)
11.1
(52)
16.0
(60.8)
18.7
(65.7)
6.9
(44.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 49.3
(1.941)
79.2
(3.118)
50.0
(1.969)
17.9
(0.705)
24.4
(0.961)
29.7
(1.169)
14.2
(0.559)
4.7
(0.185)
1.4
(0.055)
0.3
(0.012)
1.5
(0.059)
12.5
(0.492)
285.1
(11.224)
Humidity 51 55 46 40 42 44 40 35 36 38 41 47 43
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 4.3 5.5 4.1 1.8 3.1 3.2 2.1 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.4 1.5 28
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Facilities

Education is provided through four public primary schools, one independent public school and one private primary school, one public and one private high school, a TAFE centre with remote university facilities, and a library.

As well as its professional medical services the Nickol Bay Hospital provides facilities and training.

Karratha Airport has three passenger airlines servicing the city with regular schedules: Qantas, Skywest Airlines and Virgin Australia. The airport also serves as the hub of the Pilbara's light-aircraft and helicopter services, enabling contractors to access offshore destinations and other parts of the region.

Annual festivals and events

Each year in August Pilbara Iron, Dampier Salt, Woodside Petroleum Limited, and other smaller companies sponsor one of the largest festivals in the North West, over two days. The name FeNaClNG Festival is derived from Fe (iron), NaCl (salt) and NG (natural gas).


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