Tamworth, New South Wales facts for kids
New South Wales
Tamworth view from Oxley Lookout
|Location in New South Wales|
|Elevation:||404 m (1,325 ft)|
|LGA:||Tamworth Regional Council|
|Region:||North West Slopes|
|Federal Division:||New England|
Tamworth is a city in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia. Straddling the Peel River, Tamworth is the major regional centre for the New England region and is in the local government area of Tamworth Regional Council. Approximately 318 km (198 mi) from the Queensland border, the city is located almost midway between Brisbane and Sydney, the two largest cities on the Australian east coast. The city had an estimated population of 42,255 people at 30 June 2015 .
The city is known as the "First City of Lights", being the first place in Australia to use electric street lights in 1888. Tamworth is also famous as the "Country Music Capital of Australia", annually hosting the Tamworth Country Music Festival in late January; the second biggest country music festival in the world. The city is recognised as the "National Equine Capital of Australia" because of the high number of equine events held in the city and the construction of the world class Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre, the biggest of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere.
- Culture and recreation
- Sister cities
- Military History
- Noteworthy people
- Images for kids
The Kamilaroi people, from whose language comes the word "budgerigar", inhabited the area before European contact. John Oxley passed through the Peel Valley in 1818 and described it as "it would be impossible to find a finer or more luxuriant country than its waters...No place in this world can afford more advantages to the industrious settler than this extensive vale". In 1831, the first sheep stations and cattle stations were formed, and in the same year the Australian Agricultural Company (AAC) was granted a lease of 127,000 hectares (310,000 acres) of land at Goonoo Goonoo, south of the present location of Tamworth, extending to present-day Calala.
In the 1830s, a company town began to develop on the Peel's southwest bank, the present site of West Tamworth. In 1850, a public town was gazetted on the opposite side of the river from the existing settlement. This town became the main town, called "Tamworth" after Tamworth, Staffordshire, represented at the time in parliament by Robert Peel. The town prospered, and was reached by the railway in 1878.
On 9 November 1888, Tamworth became the first location in Australia to have electric street lighting powered by a municipally owned power station, giving the city the title of "First City of Light". The first streetlights used in Australia were commercially owned in Waratah Tasmania in 1886.
- 1818 – Explorer John Oxley passes through the area on his exploration mission. Names the river that now runs through the town: Peel River, after British Prime Minister Robert Peel.
- 1831 – First sheep and cattle stations, namely Joseph Brown's 'Wallamoul' and William Dangar's 'Waldoo'. The exploring expedition led by Major Mitchell visited 'Wallamoul' in December 1831 on its way to the north-west.
- 1834 – 6000 sheep of the Australian Agriculture Company were the first to be brought to the Tamworth region.
- 1851 – The white population of the village of Tamworth was 254.
- 1852 – John Barnes built the Royal Oak Hotel.
- 1861 – Population 654.
- 1866 – Tamworth Mechanics' Institute opened.
- 1882 - Tamworth railway station opened.
- 1883 - Tamworth base hospital opened.
- 1888 – Power station opened and enables beginning of electric street lighting. The first electric streetlights in Australia.
- 1918 – An anchor is unveiled as a memorial to the discovery of Tamworth district.
- 1946 – Proclaimed a city.
- 1947 – East-West Airlines was established in Tamworth, flying Tamworth to Sydney.
- 1947 – Institution for Boys home for criminal youth opened.
- 1973 – The first Australasian Country Music Festival was hosted in Tamworth by radio station 2TM, which has led to the extraordinary success of the Tamworth Country Music Festival that is held every year in Summer, at the end of January, a celebration that runs continuously for 11 days.
- 1988 – A country music icon, the 12 m (39 ft) tall Golden Guitar is erected as a symbol of the city's country music roots.
- 1990s – The Local Council embarks on a successful campaign of urban and streetscape renewal, including the greening of Peel Street.
- 1999 – Tamworth Regional Entertainment Centre is opened.
- 2004 – A new local government area, Tamworth Regional Council, is formed from Tamworth City, Manilla Shire and parts of Parry, Nundle and Barraba Shires.
- 2006 – In December the Tamworth Regional Council voted 6 to 3 against an offer from the Federal Government to take part in a one-year trial rural refugee resettlement programme; the majority of these refugees would be Sudanese escaping civil war in their homeland. Mayor of Tamworth, Cr James Treloar, argued that the refugees being resettled were tuberculous and criminal. The decision resulted in national and international media attention on the city. The public outrage unleashed by his comments and the summary decision to reject the refugees forced a reversal of the bill one month later, and Tamworth will now take part in the resettling program.
- 2008 – The Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre is opened in September.
- 2016 – Tamworth hosts the annual City vs Country Origin match. It was held at Scully Park Regional Sporting Precinct
Tamworth is located on the western side of the Great Dividing Range, on the banks of the Peel River, about 420 km (260 mi) north of Sydney on the New England Highway, and 280 km (170 mi) inland from Port Macquarie on the Oxley Highway. The town is situated at a narrow point on the Peel River floodplain, nestled at the base of the Wentworth Mounds, a spur of the Moonbi Range, where the Northwest Slopes rise to the Northern Tablelands. The elevation is around 400 m (1,300 ft) AHD. The Peel River runs southeast to northwest through Tamworth. The main town centre is on the northeast bank, between the river and the Wentworth Mounds which rise to heights of 800 m (2,600 ft), towering over the city. The southwest bank is much flatter, and the city's suburbs sprawl to the south. Water for residents and the city's industry is supplied by Chaffey Dam, 44 km (27 mi) south east of the city.
Tamworth has a warm climate with hot summers and mild winters. It is included in the rainfall records and weather forecast region of the North West Slopes or the North West Slopes and Plains division of the Bureau of Meteorology forecasts. Under the Koppen climate classification scheme, Tamworth has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa).
Temperatures exceed 35 °C (95 °F) on around 20–25 days a year but over the last few years have exceeded this number substantially, the average maximum temperature is 33 °C (91 °F) in the summer, and overnight is around 18 °C (64 °F), the mean annual rainfall is 673.2 mm (26.50 in). Winters are mild or sometimes even warm by day, and cool to cold by night. Daytime temperatures hover around 16–17 °C (61–63 °F) and occasionally make it to 20, and overnight around 3 °C (37 °F). The lowest recorded temperature at Tamworth Airport was −6.6 °C (20.1 °F). On 12 January 2013, Tamworth recorded a new record high of 42.5 °C (108.5 °F), eclipsing the previous record by 0.5 of a degree, however one year later on 3 January 2014 Tamworth broke this record yet again by almost 3 degrees, recording 45.1 °C (113.2 °F). It has since broken this record again, recording 45.9 °C (114.6 °F) on 12 February 2017.
Rainfall is experienced all year round, with summer storms providing occasional heavy downpours. Tamworth's rain season, in the early months of a new year (particularly January) can result in major flooding. Snow is practically non-existent in Tamworth itself, but does rarely occur in the surrounding villages such as Nundle. Frosts are not seldom. On 28 and 29 November 2008, Tamworth, Gunnedah and the surrounding area received torrential rain that caused severe flooding and led to the area being declared a natural disaster area.
|Climate data for Tamworth Airport|
|Record high °C (°F)||45.1
|Average high °C (°F)||32.7
|Average low °C (°F)||17.5
|Record low °C (°F)||7.1
|Precipitation mm (inches)||57.2
|Avg. precipitation days||6.1||7.6||6.1||4.1||4.4||8.5||8.2||6.4||6.8||8.3||9.0||8.1||83.6|
The estimated urban population of Tamworth at 30 June 2015 was 42,255, having grown, on average, 1.3 percent year-on-year over the preceding five years. Tamworth had a working population of approximately 18,000 in 2008. At the 2011 census the industry sector in Tamworth with the most employees was School Education with almost 6 percent of the workforce.
Central business district
The Tamworth central business district is the city centre and is located north of the Peel River. It is primarily a business area of Tamworth, with many shops, restaurants, car dealerships, as well as shopping centres and public facilities. The Tamworth Regional Council has its headquarters in Peel Street at Ray Walsh House. Bicentennial Park and number one cricket oval are also located in the suburb.
Tamworth Capitol Theatre
The Tamworth Capitol Theatre is fitted with a 405-seat auditorium with two levels of tiered seating, professional theatre lighting, a full sound system, dressing rooms, an orchestra pit, and fly tower, and is fully air conditioned. It is a multifunctional space for live theatre and cinema productions. It has significantly added to the existing cultural facilities in the region and provides a forum for live theatre, including dance, drama, music, educational activities, conferences and community events. During the Country Music Festival The Capitol Theatre is host to three independent shows per day.
Tamworth Town Hall
The Tamworth Town Hall, located in the Tamworth Central Business District, is a historical building used for events, conferences and concerts. Additionally, it is commonly used for career expos, antique shows, meetings and conventions. It was built in 1934, has a proscenium stage, a gallery and a seating capacity of 1074 people.
Tamworth Regional Entertainment Centre
Tamworth Regional Entertainment Centre is located in the suburb of Hillvue. It is a multipurpose centre with a seating capacity of 5,100, and is the biggest of its kind outside the New South Wales and south-east Queensland metropolitan areas.
Culture and recreation
Sport is a very important part of Tamworth culture, and over 50 different sports and recreational pursuits are participated in by the community. Many major annual and one-off sporting events are held in the city because of the wide range of facilities and venues available. There are over 180 sporting clubs in the Tamworth region and the region has several strong competitions, including basketball, cricket, football (soccer), hockey, netball, rugby league, rugby union and Aussie rules football. As a result, the city has produced many sportspeople, including test cricketers, olympic shooters and hockey players, and many players in the National Rugby League. The Northern Inland Academy of Sport is one important institution in the city that has helped talented sportspeople to establish themselves "on and off the field". It was established in 1992 and has a wide range of community support.
During the Queen's Birthday long weekend in June, Tamworth hosts a Baseball tournament with teams competing from all over NSW and QLD.
Located within the city are an athletic track, Australian football grounds, badminton courts, baseball diamonds, indoor basketball courts, indoor and outdoor cricket pitches, croquet turf, cycling (velodrome and bmx track), two 18-hole golf courses, a gymnastic centre, water bases hockey fields, the Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre used for equine sports, eleven bowling turfs, a kart-racing track, a speedway track and a motocross track, netball courts: twelve asphalt courts, 30 grass courts and an indoor synthetic court, an inline hockey court, rugby league and union fields (nine senior fields and seven junior fields). Shooting sports have a 3 x 25 m standard pistol range, 1 x 10m air pistol range, 1 x 100m free and action pistol range; 1 x 50m service pistol range and 1 x 100m rifle range. Soccer fields include six senior fields, 8 junior fields and an indoor standard court. Two international standard softball diamonds and ten competition standard diamonds are available. Squash courts, two olympic swimming pools and one indoor pool, tennis courts (two hardcourts, 17 synthetic courts, 8 clay courts and one indoor synthetic court), two tenpin bowling centres, 16 touch football/Oztag fields, two indoor volleyball courts and three beach courts, as well as 2 water polo competition level pools are located there.
Senior sports teams
|Tamworth Rugby Club||Rugby Union||Central North||1954|
|Pirates Rugby Club||Rugby Union||Central North||1962|
|North Tamworth Bears||Rugby League||Group 4||1911|
|West Tamworth Lions||Rugby League||Group 4|
|Oxley Diggers||Rugby League||Group 4||2014|
|Tamworth FC||Football (soccer)||McDonald's Northern Inland Premier League||2008|
|North Companions||Football (soccer)||McDonald's Northern Inland Premier League|
|Kootingal Kougars FC||Football (soccer)||Tamworth District Football||1976|
|Oxley Vale Attunga||Football (soccer)||McDonald's Northern Inland Premier League||1984|
|Tamworth Kangaroos||Australian rules football||Tamworth Australian Football League|
|Tamworth Swans||Australian rules football||Tamworth Australian Football League|
|South United Hockey Club||Hockey||Tamworth Men's Hockey||1990|
|Kiwi Diggers Hockey Club||Hockey||Subaru Super Sticks||1958|
- The Tamworth Eisteddfod is held annually in May and June, with Speech and Drama, Debating, Music and Dance sections. Many dance schools in Tamworth, En Avant, The Owl and the Pussycat, La La Dance Studio, Kaluder, Just Dance Performing Arts and Tamworth City Dance Academy, all compete in the Eisteddfod.
Many different categories in the Speech and Drama section, such as mimes, poetry,story telling and prose reading are held each year for students of all ages to compete.
- The Northwest Dance Festival has been held various times in Tamworth, being held in the Tamworth Regional Entertainment Centre in 2006. This includes a wide variety of dances from all the public schools in the region.
- The Tamworth Musical Society is an important part of the Tamworth culture, and has performed musicals such as "Grease", "Westside Story", and "Les Misérables" in October–November 2007.
- The Tamworth Regional Conservatorium of Music is another important part of the performing arts scene in Tamworth. Over 1000 students learn many instruments from experienced and qualified teachers. It is the largest regional conservatorium in the state behind Wollongong, with students ranging in age from four to 75 years old, learning over 21 different instruments.
- CAPERS is a show hosted at Tamworth Regional Entertainment Centre every two years to showcase the talent of students (both primary and high school) from all over the North-West region.
The many important parks in the city of Tamworth include Anzac Park, Bicentennial Park and The Tamworth Regional Botanic Gardens. The botanical gardens were established in 1995 and are run by the Tamworth Regional Council. Bicentennial Park is characterisd by its stagnant waters and high population of wild ducks. The gardens cover an area of 28 ha (69 acres), 5 ha (12 acres) of which has been developed. The gardens conserve the flora of the region, as well as include flora and plant displays from various parts of Australia and the world.
The following buildings in Tamworth are listed on the Register of the National Estate:
- Hospital Main Block, built 1883
- Post Office, Victorian Classical style, designed by Colonial Architect James Barnet, circa 1886
- Lands Office, Fitzroy Street, built 1889
- Public School, Upper Street, built 1885
Tamworth was the first town in Australia to light its streets by municipally generated electricity in 1888. A larger power station was established in 1923 at a site in Marius Street, East Tamworth due to the high demand of electricity and the main building was demolished in 1982. The Tamworth Power Station Museum's purpose is to tell the story of the city's role in the development of electric street lighting, from the early days of oil lamps in 1876 and gas lamps in 1882, through to the installation of the first electric lights in November 1888. The museum has one of Australia's largest collections of early 20th century electrical appliances.
Powerhouse Motorcycle Museum
The Powerhouse Motorcycle Museum holds more than 50 motorcycles spanning from the 1950s to the 1980s. The museum specialises in Ducati, Triumph, Honda, Velocette and Laverda. The museum holds an example of the limited edition MV Agusta F4 Serie Oro.
The Tamworth Airport has daily flights to Sydney Airport with QantasLink and Virgin Australia and has daily flights to Brisbane Airport. Regional airline Fly Corporate began a regular service between Brisbane and Tamworth on 31 October 2016.
Tamworth station is situated on the Main North railway line. Trains no longer continue all the way to the Queensland border, but the town is still served by the NSW TrainLink Xplorer service between Sydney and Armidale. Until November 2009, Pacific National operated a regular fuel service from Sydney, carrying 30 million litres (6,600,000 imp gal; 7,900,000 US gal) of fuel a year to Tamworth and Dubbo. It was the last freight service to serve the city; in the 1980s, up to six trains a day ran.
Tamworth is served by a daily Greyhound Australia service from Brisbane to Sydney.
Local services are provided by Tamworth Buslines., who also provides interurban services to nearby Quirindi (Rt 428), Manila (Rt 443) and Bendemeer (Rt 444)
Tamworth has the following sister cities:
|Country||City (and Province or State)|
|United States||Nashville, Tennessee|
|China||Chaoyang District, Beijing|
- Golden Guitar
- PowerStation Museum
- Calala Cottage
- Tamworth Regional Gallery
- Tamworth Regional Botanic Gardens
- Oxley Park Lookout
- Endeavour Park (Marsupial Park)
- Wax Museum
- The Big Big Mac
During World War 2, Tamworth was the location of RAAF No.20 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot (IAFD), completed in 1942 and closed on 14 June 1944. Usually consisting of 4 tanks, 31 fuel depots were built across Australia for the storage and supply of aircraft fuel for the RAAF and the US Army Air Forces at a total cost of £900,000 ($1,800,000).
- Bronwyn Davies – Professor of Education at the University of Western Sydney; Author
- Michael J. Hiscox – political scientist and Harvard Professor for International Political Economy
- Michael John Kilborn – Rhodes Scholar (1985) Assoc Professor of Medicine
- Warren Rodwell – former soldier, university teacher, hostage survivor and lyricist
- Arts, entertainment and media
- Mark Ferguson – Seven News Sydney newsreader
- Belinda Giblin – Actress
- Kylie Gillies – Seven Network presenter and co-host of The Morning Show
- Pixie Jenkins – Musician; Golden Guitar winning fiddler
- Ezra Lee;– Musician. Rockabilly, country and blues singer, pianist and songwriter.
- Tony Martin – Actor
- Philip Quast – Acclaimed stage and theatre actor, TV and movie actor, singer.
- Shelley Minson – Entertainer, model, singer/songwriter
- Rebecca Smart – Actress
- Felicity Urquhart – Country singer/songwriter
- Politics, public service and the law
- Mark Coulton – Politician; Member for Parkes (National Party); Shadow Parliamentary Secretary for Ageing and the Voluntary Sector
- Kevin Humphries – Australian politician and National Party of Australia member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
- Barnaby Joyce - Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the National party Feb 2016 to present
- Andrew Wilkie – Australian politician
- Tony Windsor – Retired politician; Independent member of the House of Representatives, representing the Division of New England
- Clive Barton Commonwealth gold medallist Skeet Shooting
- George Barton – Olympic shooter
- Jamie Dwyer – Australian National Hockey Player
- John Gleeson – Cricket – Member of Senior Australian and NSW teams
- Phil Graham – former rugby league player for Canberra Raiders
- Josh Hazlewood – Cricket – Member of Senior Australian and NSW teams
- Troy Hearfield – Association Football; Attacking Midfielder for Central Coast Mariners
- Craig Jones – Cricketer
- Nick Kay – Basketball player for the Townsville Crocodiles in the NBL
- Tom Learoyd-Lahrs – Rugby league player for the Brisbane Broncos and Canberra Raiders
- Greg McNamara former Australian Light-Heavyweight Boxing Champion
- Matt Parsons – former rugby league player for the Newcastle Knights
- Paddy Ryan – Rugby union player; Prop for the News South Wales Waratahs
- Matthew Smith – Hockey bronze medallist at the Atlanta Olympics
- Emelyn Starr – Australian professional tennis player.
- Richard Swain – Rugby league player for the Hunter Mariners, Melbourne Storm, Brisbane Broncos and the New Zealand national side
- Brad Tighe – Rugby League player; centre wing Penrith Panthers
- Alan Tongue – Rugby league player; Former captain of the Canberra Raiders
- Michael York – Olympic Hockey Gold Medalistes:Tamworth
Images for kids
Tamworth, New South Wales Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.