Tenterfield, New South Wales facts for kids

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Tenterfield
New South Wales
Tenterfield (1).JPG
Rouse Street (New England Highway), Tenterfield
Population: 3300
Postcode: 2372
Elevation: 850 m (2,789 ft)
Location:
LGA: Tenterfield Shire
County: Clive
State District: Lismore
Federal Division: New England
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
21.4 °C
71 °F
8.0 °C
46 °F
852.4 mm
33.6 in

Tenterfield is a town in New South Wales, Australia. It is located in the New England region at the intersection of the New England and Bruxner Highways. Tenterfield is a three-hour drive from Brisbane, 3 hours from Byron Bay, 2 hours from Armidale, New South Wales and 8 hours from Sydney. The town sits in a valley astride the Great Dividing Range. At the 2011 census, Tenterfield had a population of 3,300.

Tenterfield's proximity to many regional centres and its position on the route between Sydney and Brisbane led to its development as a centre for the promotion of the federation of the Australian colonies.

History

Tenterfield’s first inhabitants were the Jukembal people who travelled the area from near Glen Innes to Stanthorpe, Queensland.

View of Tenterfield Joseph Backler p2 00036h
Tenterfield in 1861
Tenterfield (2)
Tenterfield Post Office, Rouse Street
Tenterfield (10)
Railway Station, now a museum
Tenterfield rocks
Granite boulders on Kildare Road, Tenterfield

In 1841, Sir Stuart Donaldson was running 18,000 sheep on a property that he named Tenterfield Station, after a family home in Scotland. Donaldson was the first premier of NSW and made biannual trips to Tenterfield to inspect his holdings there, which covered 100,000 acres (400 km2) of unfenced land. Tenterfield Post Office opened on 1 January 1849 and the township was gazetted in 1851 with allotments being sold in 1854. In 1858 gold was discovered at Drake (Fairfield) and shortly afterwards at Timbarra and Boonoo Boonoo. During 1859 an AJS Bank opened and an Anglican church was built the following year. In the 1860s the Tenterfield Chronicle was published, the district court was established; the building of a hospital commenced and a public school was opened. In 1870 the population was less than 900, but the town had five hotels, a school of arts and three churches. The existing Tenterfield Post Office was constructed in 1881.

During World War II, Tenterfield was earmarked as a key battleground if the Japanese should invade Australia. During 1942 thousands of soldiers were set up in emergency camps, unbeknown to the locals, to cope with such an event. Overgrown tank traps and gun emplacements can still be seen on the Travelling Stock Route near the New England Highway. The highway was until the early 1950s the only all-weather road from Sydney to Brisbane.

Federation Speech

Sir Henry Parkes delivered his Federation Speech in the Tenterfield School of Arts on 24 October 1889. He was travelling from Brisbane to Sydney, via the new Main North railway. The speech is credited with re-igniting the debate that ultimately led to Federation on 1 January 1901.

Heritage

The following buildings and sites are listed on the Register of the National Estate.

  • Ayrdrie, Casino Road, country house built circa 1860
  • Tenterfield Post Office, built 1881
  • Court House, Gaol and Police Buildings, Molesworth Street, 1874–1882
  • Tenterfield School of Arts, 203 Rouse Street, 1876
  • Bald Rock National Park, 25 km north of Tenterfield
  • Tooloom Falls Area, south-west of Urbenville
  • Wellington Rock Aboriginal Site, Tenterfield area


Local geography

The local geography is dominated by prominent granite inselbergs and mountains, the most famous being that of Bald Rock, which sits within the Bald Rock National Park, and Bluff Rock which is located 12 minutes drive south of Tenterfield on the New England Highway.

Climate

Tenterfield has a subtropical highland climate, with cold, frosty winters and warm, wet summers. It sits at an altitude of 850 metres (2,790 ft) above sea level, meaning temperatures below freezing in winter are common, and Tenterfield averages 47 days where the minimum temperature drops below 0 °C each year. Summers are warm, but rarely hot and most of the rain falls as thunderstorms, which can be severe. Tenterfield's highest recorded temperature was 38.3 °C, which was recorded on 8 January 1994. Its coldest recorded temperature was -10.6 °C, which was recorded on 10 July 2006.


Climate data for Tenterfield (Federation Park)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.3
(100.9)
36.7
(98.1)
35.6
(96.1)
32.9
(91.2)
27.1
(80.8)
24.6
(76.3)
23.3
(73.9)
30.0
(86)
31.2
(88.2)
33.9
(93)
36.2
(97.2)
36.2
(97.2)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
26.1
(79)
24.6
(76.3)
21.7
(71.1)
18.0
(64.4)
15.0
(59)
14.4
(57.9)
16.1
(61)
19.5
(67.1)
22.4
(72.3)
24.9
(76.8)
26.6
(79.9)
21.4
(70.5)
Average low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
14.3
(57.7)
12.4
(54.3)
8.5
(47.3)
4.9
(40.8)
2.4
(36.3)
1.0
(33.8)
1.8
(35.2)
4.7
(40.5)
8.0
(46.4)
10.8
(51.4)
13.0
(55.4)
8.0
(46.4)
Record low °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
4.0
(39.2)
-3.0
(26.6)
-5.0
(23)
-8.8
(16.2)
-9.3
(15.3)
-10.6
(12.9)
-9.5
(14.9)
-7.2
(19)
-3.4
(25.9)
-2.0
(28.4)
1.2
(34.2)
-18.0
(-0.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 114.8
(4.52)
93.4
(3.677)
80.3
(3.161)
47.3
(1.862)
48.8
(1.921)
50.5
(1.988)
53.5
(2.106)
43.9
(1.728)
50.6
(1.992)
76.3
(3.004)
85.0
(3.346)
105.3
(4.146)
849.7
(33.453)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 10.5 9.9 9.7 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.3 6.5 6.4 8.1 8.7 9.9 99.1
Source: Bureau of Meteorology, [[1]]

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Tenterfield, New South Wales Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.