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Sir Henry Parkes

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Premier of New South Wales
Elections: 1872, 1874–75, 1877, 1880, 1882, 1887, 1889, 1891
In office
14 May 1872 – 8 February 1875
Monarch Victoria
Governor Sir Hercules Robinson
Preceded by Sir James Martin
Succeeded by Sir John Robertson
Constituency Mudgee
East Sydney
In office
22 March 1877 – 16 August 1877
Monarch Victoria
Governor Sir Hercules Robinson
Preceded by Sir John Robertson
Succeeded by Sir John Robertson
Constituency East Sydney
In office
21 December 1878 – 9 January 1883
Monarch Victoria
Governor Sir Hercules Robinson
Augustus Loftus
Preceded by James Farnell
Succeeded by Sir Alexander Stuart
Constituency Canterbury
East Sydney
Tenterfield
In office
25 January 1887 – 16 January 1889
Monarch Victoria
Governor The Lord Carrington
Preceded by Sir Patrick Jennings
Succeeded by Sir George Dibbs
Constituency St Leonards
In office
8 March 1889 – 23 October 1891
Monarch Victoria
Governor The Lord Carrington
The Earl of Jersey
Preceded by Sir George Dibbs
Succeeded by Sir George Dibbs
Constituency St Leonards
Personal details
Born 27 May 1815
Canley, Warwickshire, England
Died 27 April 1896(1896-04-27) (aged 80)
Sydney, Colony of New South Wales, Australia
Resting place Faulconbridge, New South Wales
Nationality British subject
Political party Free Trade Party
Spouse(s) Clarinda Varney (m.1836–d.1888)
Eleanor Dixon (m.1889–d.1895)
Julia Lynch (m.1895–96)
Children Thomas
Clarinda Martha
Clarinda Sarah
Robert
Mary
Mary Edith
Milton
Lily Maria
Annie
Gertrude
Varney
Lily Faulconbridge
Sydney
Kenilworth
Aurora
Henry Cobden
Charles Jessel
Profession Statesman

Sir Henry Parkes, GCMG (27 May 1815 – 27 April 1896) was a colonial Australian politician and longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales, the present-day state of New South Wales in the Commonwealth of Australia. He has been referred to as the "Father of Federation" due to his early promotion for the federation of the six colonies of Australia, as an early critic of British convict transportation and as a proponent for the expansion of the Australian continental rail network.

Parkes delivered his famous Tenterfield Oration in 1889 which led to his instigation of a conference in 1890 and a Constitutional Convention in 1891, the first of a series of meetings that led to the federation of Australia. He died in 1896, five years before this process was completed. He was described during his lifetime by The Times as "the most commanding figure in Australian politics". Alfred Deakin described Sir Henry Parkes as having flaws but nonetheless being "a large-brained self-educated Titan whose natural field was found in Parliament".

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