Griffith, New South Wales facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Griffith
New South Wales
GriffithCourtHouse.JPG
Griffith Court House
Population: 19540
Established: 4 August 1916
Postcode: 2680
Elevation: 129.2 m (424 ft)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST)

AEST (UTC+10)

AEDT (UTC+11)

Location:
LGA: City of Griffith
County: Cooper
State District: Murray
Federal Division: Farrer
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
23.8 °C
75 °F
10.0 °C
50 °F
397.3 mm
15.6 in

Griffith /ˈɡrɪfəθ/ is a major regional city in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area that is located in the north-western part of the Riverina region of New South Wales, known commonly as the food bowl of Australia. It is also the seat of the City of Griffith local government area. Like the Australian capital, Canberra and the nearby town of Leeton, Griffith was designed by Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin. Griffith was named after Arthur Hill Griffith, the first New South Wales minister of Public Works. Griffith was proclaimed a city in 1987, and had a population of 19,540 in 2015.

It can be accessed by road from Sydney and Canberra via the Hume Highway and the Burley Griffin Way and from Melbourne, Victoria via the Newell Highway and either by using the Kidman Way or the Irrigation Way and other places like Adelaide, Orange, New South Wales and Bathurst through the Mid-Western Highway through the Rankins Springs road from Rankins springs and the Kidman Way from Goolgowi.

History

Griffith was established in 1916 as part of the New South Wales State Government's Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area (MIA) project to supply irrigation from the Murrumbidgee river in western New South Wales to be used for farming. The main dam was the large Burrinjuck Dam between Gundagai and Canberra, which stored water to be released down the river for irrigation. Berembed Weir, near Narrandera, was built across the Murrumbidgee River, from which flows the Main Canal. The Canal, almost a river in its own right, flows through the MIA to Griffith, supplying water to the entire area, and petering out to the northwest of the city in rice farms.

The water supply was further enhanced with the construction of the Snowy River scheme by the Australian Federal Government in the 1950s and 1960s. The Blowering Dam, a large dam near Tumut stores a significant amount of water to be released down the Murrumbidgee for irrigation around Leeton, Griffith and the newer Coleambally area south of the Murrumbidgee and Griffith.

From the start of the MIA, citrus and other fruit and vegetables were grown in abundance around Griffith. In the 1950s the irrigation area expanded to include large rice farms. Vineyards were established early, and wineries followed, beginning with McWilliam's Wines at Hanwood and Yenda, two villages just outside the city.

From its earliest days, the MIA was populated by Italian workers, some of whom were initially employed by Australian farmers to run steamboats on the Murrumbidgee and Murray Rivers. Approximately 60% of today's Griffith population claim Italian background. These include the initial settlement of Italians from the boat crews and other Italians who came out to Australia in the Depression, or from a second wave of immigrant Italians who came to Griffith in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

In the 1970s, Griffith was often associated with drug distribution (particularly marijuana) and organised crime, as depicted in 2009 by Underbelly: A Tale of Two Cities. However, Griffith is now associated with good wine and food, primarily as a result of its diverse population, with notable contributions by Italian-Australians. Griffith's multi-ethnic population is now absorbing new national groups, including a significant Sikh Indian community. The city is sister city with the Italian city of Treviso in the Veneto Region. Many Italians in Griffith are from the Veneto Region or the Calabria Region of Italy.

The Italian influence expanded the range of fruit and vegetables, and also significantly increased the number of wineries and the range of wines produced by the existing wineries in the region, such as McWilliam's. De Bortoli, Rosetto and other wineries were established by Italian immigrants, and today they are well known around Australia. In recent times they have been joined by one of the country's best known wine labels, Yellow Tail, produced by Casella Family Brands. Casella, DeBortoli, McWilliam's, Warburn and Berton Vineyards are now among the top 20 wine producers in Australia.

Griffith is the cathedral city of the Anglican Diocese of Riverina. The foundation stone of the Parish Church of St Alban the Martyr was dedicated in 1954. It was proclaimed as a cathedral in 1984.

The city of Griffith had contained no traffic lights up until February 2010 when the first set of traffic lights was installed at the intersection of Burrell Place and Wakaden Street.

Climate

Griffith has a semi-arid climate (BSk) under the Köppen climate classification with hot summers and cool winters. A record high temperature of 46.0 degrees was reached on 23 Jan 2001, while a record low of –6.0 degrees was recorded on 17 July 1977.

Climate data for Griffith
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.0
(114.8)
45.2
(113.4)
40.2
(104.4)
36.1
(97)
28.6
(83.5)
25.0
(77)
23.0
(73.4)
30.0
(86)
35.0
(95)
38.3
(100.9)
43.0
(109.4)
44.0
(111.2)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 32.8
(91)
32.1
(89.8)
28.8
(83.8)
24.0
(75.2)
19.3
(66.7)
15.5
(59.9)
14.4
(57.9)
16.5
(61.7)
19.8
(67.6)
23.8
(74.8)
28.0
(82.4)
30.8
(87.4)
23.8
(74.8)
Average low °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
17.3
(63.1)
14.2
(57.6)
10.2
(50.4)
7.2
(45)
4.5
(40.1)
3.5
(38.3)
3.9
(39)
5.8
(42.4)
8.9
(48)
12.5
(54.5)
15.1
(59.2)
10.0
(50)
Record low °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
7.6
(45.7)
4.2
(39.6)
0.0
(32)
-2.0
(28.4)
-4.0
(24.8)
-5.9
(21.4)
-3.3
(26.1)
-2.0
(28.4)
0.6
(33.1)
1.8
(35.2)
4.2
(39.6)
-5.9
(21.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 33.2
(1.307)
26.5
(1.043)
32.9
(1.295)
27.8
(1.094)
35.7
(1.406)
34.1
(1.343)
33.5
(1.319)
35.9
(1.413)
33.2
(1.307)
39.2
(1.543)
32.4
(1.276)
32.7
(1.287)
397.3
(15.642)
Humidity 28 34 37 41 53 63 62 54 47 37 35 31 43
Avg. precipitation days 4.2 3.7 3.9 4.6 6.4 7.6 9.4 9.0 7.5 6.4 5.3 4.9 72.9

Demography

According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics the estimated urban population of Griffith in 2015 was 19,540 with a population density of 0.16 persons per hectare.

In 2011, 14% of people in Griffith came from countries where English was not their first language.

A total of 2,857 people were born outside Australia, of whom 1,279 were born in Italy and 826 were born in India. Of the total population, 31% declared themselves to be of Australian ancestry, 27% of English ancestry, 26% of Italian ancestry, 8% of Irish ancestry and 7% of Scottish ancestry. Respondents could nominate up to two ancestries.

Transport

Griffith Buslines operates buses through Griffith and surrounding towns and villages.

Griffith is a major junction for the Kidman Way, Burley Griffin Way and Irrigation Way. Griffith is located 550 km west of Sydney via Burley Griffin Way and Irrigation Way and 450 km north of Melbourne via the Kidman Way. Griffith has daily bus services to the major metropolitan areas. Griffith Airport operates daily flights to Sydney (Melbourne in the past, but not currently).

The railway reached Griffith on 3 July 1916 and since that date has provided a service transporting passengers and goods into and out of the area. Regular goods trains continue, making it a unique railway centre.

Griffith railway station is served by a weekly NSW TrainLink Xplorer service from Sydney. NSW TrainLink also operates a daily road coach service from Mildura to Wagga Wagga stopping at Griffith. This service connects at Wagga Wagga with NSW Trainlink rail services to Sydney and Melbourne.

V/Line operates a daily rail/road coach service between Melbourne and Griffith, changing with the train at Shepparton. Melbourne (Southern Cross Station) to Griffith (Bus Terminal at Visitors Centre) is an evening service (daily); Griffith to Melbourne service is overnight (Mon to Sat) / afternoon (Sunday). Travel time is approximately six and a half to seven hours.

Events

  • Riverina Field Days, which is held annually in May.
  • La Festa, Wine, Food and Multicultural Festival, which is held annually over the Easter weekend.
  • Festival of Gardens, which is held annually in October
  • Sikh Games, held annually on the June Long Weekend
  • unWINEd, held annually on the June Long Weekend
  • Multicultural Festival of Griffith - each year in October
  • Festa delle Salsicce (Festival of the Sausage) - each year in August

for more events see www.griffith.nsw.gov.au/event.asp

Attractions

GriffithfromScenicHillLookout
Griffith from Scenic Hill lookout

Griffith has many tourist attractions. These include Pioneer Park, a 510-seat Regional Theatre, the Italian museum, the Griffith Regional Art Gallery, craft and antique shops, and its many high standard restaurants. Many of the Griffith wineries also have wine tasting at the cellar door, notably De Bortoli Wines, McWilliams, Beelgara Estate (formally Rossetto Wines), West End Wines, Berton Vineyards and Warburn Estate. Griffith is famous for its botrytis including Debortoli's Noble One and its fortified wine such as McWilliam's Hanwood Port. Ecotourism is also available in Griffith. Scenic Hill has various walking trails, lookouts and is home to the famous Hermit's Cave. Nericon Swamp, part of the Griffith Wetlands Important Bird Area, is an important site for migratory birds. Nearby Cocoparra National Park offers walking trails and there are opportunities to explore along the Murrumbidgee River and Lake Wyangan.

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Australia

Twin towns – Sister cities

Griffith, is twinned with:

Images for kids


Griffith, New South Wales Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.