Nowra, New South Wales facts for kids

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Nowra
New South Wales
Cambewarra lookout.jpg
Nowra area from Cambewarra Lookout
Population: 35920  (39th)
Established: 1852
Area: 202.4 km² (78.1 sq mi)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST)

AEST (UTC+10)

AEDT (UTC+11)

Location: 160 km (99 mi) from Sydney
LGA: City of Shoalhaven
State District: South Coast
Federal Division: Gilmore

Nowra /ˈnaʊərə/ is a town in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 160 kilometres (99 mi) south-southwest of the state capital of Sydney (about 120 kilometres (75 mi) as the crow flies.) With its twin-town of Bomaderry, Nowra had an estimated population of 35,920 as at June 2015. It is also the seat and commercial centre of the City of Shoalhaven. Geologically, the city is situated in the southern reaches of the Sydney basin.

The region around Nowra is a farming community, sustaining a thriving dairy industry and a number of State forests, but is also increasingly a retirement and leisure area for Canberra and Sydney. The naval air station HMAS Albatross is located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south-west of Nowra. The name Nowra, originally written by Europeans as 'nou-woo-ro' (pronounced Nowa Nowa by the Aborigines of the area), is an Aboriginal word for black cockatoo.

History

The Nowra region, south of Bomaderry Creek was inhabited by the Wodi-Wodi tribe of the Yuin nation while north of Bomaderry Creek was inhabited by the Dharawal Aboriginal people prior to European arrival. Around 1824, ex-convict Mary Reibey applied for a land grant in the Burrier area, on the southern side of the Shoalhaven River. The Nowra township was officially recognised in 1852. Less than ten years later, in 1861, a postal service was established. Also in that year, the racehorse 'Archer', trained in Nowra by Etienne de Mestre, won the first Melbourne Cup. By 1885, Nowra was declared a town.

A major landmark in the area is the house Bundanon, which began as a single-storey weatherboard structure built about 1840. In 1866, a two-storey sandstone house, made of locally quarried stone, was built immediately in front of the weatherboard house. The sandstone house features timber verandahs and is now listed on the Register of the National Estate.

Geography

Nowra is on the Shoalhaven River, which formerly hosted the Australian National wakeboarding championships, it is also a popular fishing location. The river divides Nowra from Bomaderry and North Nowra, and is bridged by the historic Nowra Bridge. The Shoalhaven river is a salt water river, although the river itself does not flow into the sea. The Shoalhaven River meets the sea through the canal that joins the Shoalhaven and Crookhaven Rivers, which was dug by convicts under direction of local entrepreneur and pioneer Alexander Berry.

It is also located near Berry, Jervis Bay, Kangaroo Valley, Culburra Beach, Greenwell Point, Huskisson, Shoalhaven Heads and Cambewarra.

Climate

With the warmest month's mean being just 22°C (71.6°F), Nowra has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) under the Köppen climate classification, making it the southernmost city on the coastal strip to be within this climate zone, albeit an isolated one — Nearby coastal cities to the north, such as Wollongong and Kiama, have an oceanic climate (Cfb) as their warmest month's mean doesn't reach the 22°C threshold.

Climate data for Nowra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.1
(113.2)
40.5
(104.9)
37.6
(99.7)
34.6
(94.3)
27.4
(81.3)
23.3
(73.9)
24.7
(76.5)
26.6
(79.9)
33.2
(91.8)
37.1
(98.8)
41.2
(106.2)
43.0
(109.4)
45.1
(113.2)
Average high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
26.2
(79.2)
25.2
(77.4)
22.7
(72.9)
19.6
(67.3)
16.9
(62.4)
16.5
(61.7)
18.2
(64.8)
21.0
(69.8)
23.2
(73.8)
24.7
(76.5)
25.8
(78.4)
22.3
(72.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.4
(61.5)
16.7
(62.1)
14.9
(58.8)
12.4
(54.3)
9.2
(48.6)
7.8
(46)
6.6
(43.9)
6.8
(44.2)
8.7
(47.7)
10.6
(51.1)
13.6
(56.5)
14.7
(58.5)
11.5
(52.7)
Record low °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
9.5
(49.1)
7.7
(45.9)
3.7
(38.7)
3.0
(37.4)
2.5
(36.5)
-0.5
(31.1)
-0.9
(30.4)
2.5
(36.5)
2.7
(36.9)
5.7
(42.3)
7.4
(45.3)
-0.9
(30.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 65.8
(2.591)
132.6
(5.22)
98.6
(3.882)
67.9
(2.673)
52.5
(2.067)
121.4
(4.78)
64.7
(2.547)
72.7
(2.862)
42.5
(1.673)
66.7
(2.626)
72.2
(2.843)
79.9
(3.146)
901.5
(35.492)
Humidity 57 63 59 57 55 56 53 46 47 52 56 55 55
Avg. rainy days 10.8 11.8 12.4 12.1 9.2 11.9 10.0 8.1 8.9 9.7 12.1 10.5 127.5
Source: Bureau of Meteorology
Nowra park
Marriott Park
Nowra Bridge
Nowra Bridge
ARiver
Shoalhaven River at sunset
AMudgeeShot0010
Nowra Creek
AMudgeeShot0013
Nowra area from Cambewarra Lookout
Nowra shops
Nowra shops (Junction Street)

Demographics

The population of Nowra - Bomaderry was 35,920 at 30 June 2015 having grown consistently since 2005 when the estimated population was 31,716.

According to the 2006 census, 87.9% of the population of Nowra was born in Australia, with North-West Europe being the most common birthplace of immigrants at 7.5% of the population. 6.1% of the total population are Indigenous Australians. There are 11,386 households in Nowra. There are a total of 8,248 families, with 2,838 containing two Adults with children under 15 and/or dependent students, and 1,163 being one parent families with children under 15 and/or dependent students.


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