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Dalmatian language facts for kids

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Dalmatian language map bgiu
Cities on the Eastern Adriatic Sea, with the Dalmatian dialects. Veglia is the Croatian Island Krk, Crepsa is the island Cres, Arba is called Rab today. Zara is the city Zadar. Trau is called Trogir, Splato is Split, Ragusa is Dubrovnik, and Cattaro is Kotor today.

Dalmatian was a Romance language, which was spoken in Dalmatia, on the Eastern Adreatic Sea. The language became extinct, in the Middle Ages. In places it was used until the 18th or 19th century. Today, few sources are left. Only the dialect of Veglia (Krk) and Ragusa (Dubrovnik) have enough sources so they can be studied. From the other dialects, there are only isloate words, or short phrases.

Tuone Udaina, the last speaker of Dalmatian

In 1897, the scholar Matteo Bartoli, himself a native of nearby Istria, visited burbur ('barber' in Dalmatian) Tuone Udaina (Italian: Antonio Udina), the last speaker of any Dalmatian dialect, to study his language. Bartoli writing down approximately 2,800 words, stories, and accounts of his life, which were published in a book that has provided much information on the vocabulary, phonology, and grammar of the language. Bartoli wrote in Italian and published a translation in German (Das Dalmatische) in 1906. The Italian language manuscripts were reportedly lost, and the work was not re-translated into Italian until 2001.

Just one year later, on 10 June 1898, Tuone Udaina was accidentally killed at 74 in a roadwork explosion.

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