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Douglass, Kansas
Location within Butler County and Kansas
Location within Butler County and Kansas
KDOT map of Butler County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Butler
Founded 1869
Incorporated 1879
Named for Joseph Douglass
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Total 1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
 • Land 1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,211 ft (369 m)
 • Total 1,555
 • Density 1,467/sq mi (565.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 316
FIPS code 20-18400
GNIS ID 481864

Douglass is a city in Butler County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 1,555.


19th century

The first settlement was made at Douglass in 1869. Douglass is named for its founder, Joseph W. Douglass, a storeowner who was fatally shot at the town site in 1873 while apprehending a suspected thief. Douglass was incorporated as a city of the third class in 1879.

In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado, in 1881 it was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City. The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942. The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.

21st century

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed about 1.8 miles west of Douglass, north to south through Butler County.


Douglass is located at 37°31′0″N 97°0′42″W / 37.51667°N 97.01167°W / 37.51667; -97.01167 (37.516802, -97.011705). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.08 square miles (2.80 km2), all of it land.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Douglass has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 369
1890 737 99.7%
1900 755 2.4%
1910 657 −13.0%
1920 1,010 53.7%
1930 804 −20.4%
1940 760 −5.5%
1950 729 −4.1%
1960 1,058 45.1%
1970 1,126 6.4%
1980 1,450 28.8%
1990 1,722 18.8%
2000 1,813 5.3%
2010 1,700 −6.2%
2020 1,555 −8.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,700 people, 625 households, and 452 families living in the city. The population density was 1,574.1 inhabitants per square mile (607.8/km2). There were 689 housing units at an average density of 638.0 per square mile (246.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% white, 0.4% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 625 households, of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18.

The median age in the city was 33.6 years. 29.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 12.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.


Douglass Township Community Building (2017)

The community is served by Douglass USD 396 public school district.

Notable people

  • Monty Beisel (b1978), football linebacker in NFL.
  • William Couch (1850–1890), leader of the Oklahoma Boomer Movement and as the first provisional mayor of what became Oklahoma City.
  • James Durham (1881–1949), pitcher in Major League Baseball.
  • Phyllis Haver (1899–1960), actress during silent film era.
  • George Hill (1895–1934), film director and cinematographer during silent film era.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Douglass (Kansas) para niños

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