kids encyclopedia robot

Du Runsheng facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Du Runsheng
Member of the Central Advisory Commission
In office
Director Chen Yun
Director of Rural Development Research Center of the State Council
In office
Director of Rural Policy Research Office of Secretariat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
In office
Deputy Director of National Agricultural Commission of the People's Republic of China
In office
Personal details
Du De (杜德)

(1913-07-18)July 18, 1913
Yangyi Village, Taigu County, Shanxi, China
Died October 9, 2015(2015-10-09) (aged 102)
Beijing Hospital, Beijing
Political party Communist Party of China
Children 1
Alma mater Taiyuan National Normal College
Beijing Normal University
Military service
Allegiance  China
Branch/service Flag of the National Revolutionary Army Eighth Route Army (1937–1945)
People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Liberation Army (1945–1949)
Years of service 1936–1949
Battles/wars Second Sino-Japanese War
Chinese Civil War
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Du Runsheng (Chinese: 杜润生; pinyin: Dù Rùnshēng; July 18, 1913 – October 9, 2015) was a Chinese military officer, revolutionary leader, politician, and economist. He has been hailed as "China's father of rural reform". From 1982 to 1986, he drew up the annual "Document No.1 of the Central Government" about rural reform, which promoted the development of rural areas. Du's students included Wang Qishan, Justin Yifu Lin, Zhou Qiren, Wen Tiejun, Wang Xiaoqiang, Chen Xiwen, Zhang Musheng, Du Ying and Weng Yongxi.

Du was a member of the 12th and 13th National People's Congress and a member of the Central Advisory Commission.


Education and early career

Du was born Du De (Chinese: 杜德) on July 18, 1913 in Yangyi Village of Taigu County, Shanxi province, during the dawn of the Republic of China. He was accepted to Taiyuan National Normal College in 1929 and he entered Beijing Normal University in 1934. In 1935 he was detained by the Beiyang government for taking part in anti-government movement.

Military campaign in north China

He joined the Communist Party of China in 1936. That same year, he served as chief captain of the Vanguard of National Liberation and head of its propaganda department. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, he served in various administrative and political roles Taihang Mountain border. He participated in the Huai-Hai Campaign during the Chinese Civil War. He served successively as secretary-general of Central Plains Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary-general of Central China Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, and party boss of CPC Henan-Anhui-Jiangsu Committee.

Land reform

Du was one of the Party's foremost rural experts and served an important role in China's land reform movement. According to Du, settling accounts through the land reform movement focused on mobilizing peasants to:

wage struggle through the use of reason with landlords face to face, to expose one by one the landlord's economic exploitation of the peasantry, their political oppression of the peasantry, the facts of how in terms of human dignity they had humiliated the peasantry, in order to force landlords to admit guilt, so that they cannot but offer up their land, while the peasantry is in legal and rightful position, and can feel proud and elated as they boldly and assuredly take possession of the land.

The subsequent study of the land reform movement overseen and edited by Du concludes that "[l]and reform was not only a profound economic transformation, but a profound political transformation as well, a prelude to the establishment and construction of a new China."

After the establishment of PRC

After the founding of the Communist State, he became secretary-general of Central China Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and its deputy director of the Land Reform Commission. He led the local land reform movement. In 1953, he was transferred to Beijing and he joined the newly created Central Rural Work Department of the Communist Party of China, working as secretary-general of the Head Deng Zihui. He vigorously developed the private economy, but got criticized for "taking the capitalist road". Mao Zedong evaluated him as "a timid and conservative man". He also served as deputy director of the Rural Office of the State Council. From 1956 towards, he served successively as deputy director of the Office of Scientific Planning Commission of the State Council, secretary-general and deputy party group secretary of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Cultural Revolution

In 1966, Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution, Du Runsheng was suspended and suffered political persecution. In 1970, he was sent to the May Seventh Cadre Schools to work in Qianjiang, Hubei.

Economic reforms

In December 1978, after the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, he was rehabilitated by Hu Yaobang.

He was deputy director of National Agricultural Commission of the People's Republic of China in 1979, and held that office until 1983, when he promoted to become director of Rural Policy Research Office of Secretariat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and director of Rural Development Research Center of the State Council, he remained in that positions until 1989, while these two agencies were canceled. In 1980, he drafted the Several Problems about the Further Strengthening and Improving the System of Rural Production Responsibility (Chinese: 关于进一步加强和完善农村生产责任制的几个问题), which made the household responsibility system (Chinese: 包产到户/包干到户) first gained legal status.

He served as honorary president of Chinese Association of Agricultural Science Societies, president of China Society of Cooperative Economics, director-general of Chinese Association of Agricultural Economics, and director-general of China Society of Territorial Economists in his old age.


On October 9, 2015, he died in Beijing Hospital, Beijing.

Personal life

Du had a daughter, Du Xia (Chinese: 杜霞).

kids search engine
Du Runsheng Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.