Edward Clark (governor) facts for kids
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|8th Governor of Texas|
March 16, 1861 – November 7, 1861
|Preceded by||Sam Houston|
|Succeeded by||Francis Lubbock|
|7th Lieutenant Governor of Texas|
|Preceded by||Francis R. Lubbock|
|Succeeded by||John McClannahan Crockett|
|Secretary of State of Texas|
December 22, 1853 – December 21, 1857
|Preceded by||Thomas H. Duval|
|Succeeded by||T.S. Anderson|
|Member of the Texas Senate
from the 3rd district
|Preceded by||William Thomas Scott|
|Succeeded by||Hart Hardin|
April 1, 1815|
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||May 4, 1880
Marshall, Texas, U.S.
Martha Melissa Evans
|Allegiance|| United States
Confederate States of America
|Branch/service||United States Army
Confederate States of America Army
|Unit||14th Texas Infantry Regiment|
American Civil War
Edward Clark was born on April 1, 1815 in New Orleans, Louisiana. His father was named Elijah Clark Jr. His paternal uncle, John Clark, served as the Governor of Georgia from 1819 to 1823. His paternal grandfather was Elijah Clarke.
Clark moved to Texas in 1842 and set up a law practice. He served in the Texas Annexation Convention and two terms as a state representative in the Texas Legislature. During the Mexican–American War he served on the staff of Major General J. Pinckney Henderson and fought in the Battle of Monterrey. When the war ended, he served as secretary of state under Governor Elisha M. Pease and as lieutenant governor serving under Governor Sam Houston. When Sam Houston refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, Clark became governor. Among Clark's first actions was to order the surrender of all fire arms and ammunition from private merchants to the state. Furthermore, all privately owned firearms were to be canvassed. Few weapons were ever turned in and most Texans did not comply for fear of future confiscation. (Lone Star by T.R. Fehrenbach, pg 353)
After losing the governor's race by 124 votes to Francis Lubbock, Clark became a colonel in the Texas militia during the American Civil War. In 1863 he joined the Confederate States Army and was commissioned colonel of the 14th Texas Infantry Regiment. He commanded the unit, as part of the Greyhound Division, until being wounded in the Battle of Pleasant Hill. A promotion to Brigadier General wasn´t confirmed by the Confederate Congress and he left the service; however in 1865 he was made a Brigadier in the militia. He fled briefly to Mexico at the end of the American Civil War, and returned home to Marshall, Texas.
Clark married Lucy Long in 1840, but she died shortly after. He married Martha Melissa Evans in 1849. They had four children, including:
- William Evans Clark (Apr 1849 in Marshall, Harrison County, Texas – Jun 1852 in same);
- John Evans Clark (30 Jan 1852 in Marshall, Harrison County, Texas – 9 Oct 1923 in same), who married twice and had at least three children;
- William Evans Alfred Clark (12 Jul 1853 – 9 Apr 1879); and
- Nannie M Clark (c. 1855 – 8 Jan 1913 Harrison County, Texas), m. 23 Nov 1881 in Harrison County to Daniel C Wallis (alias Wallace).
Clark died on May 4, 1880 in Marshall, Texas. His grave in the Marshall City Cemetery is marked with a historical marker.
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Edward Clark (governor) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.