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António Egas Moniz
Moniz.jpg
Born (1874-11-29)29 November 1874
Avanca, Estarreja, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 13 December 1955(1955-12-13) (aged 81)
Nationality Portugal
Alma mater University of Coimbra
Known for Prefrontal leucotomy; Cerebral angiography
Awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1949
Scientific career
Fields Neurologist
Institutions University of Coimbra (1902); University of Lisbon (1921–1944)
This is a Portuguese name; the first family name is Egas and the second is Moniz.

António Egas Moniz (António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz, 29 November 1874 – 13 December 1955), known as Egas Moniz, was a Portuguese neurologist.

He developed cerebral angiography, a technique to visualise the blood vessels in and around the brain. This technique is widely used today. He also developed the surgical procedure leucotomy, also known as lobotomy. This technique is now rarely used.

Antonio Egas is highly regarded. He became the first Portuguese national to receive a Nobel Prize when, in 1949, he shared it with Walter Rudolf Hess.

He held academic positions, wrote many medical articles and also served in several legislative and diplomatic posts in the Portuguese government. In 1911 he became professor of neurology in Lisbon until his retirement in 1944. At the same time, he pursued a demanding political career.


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