Emperor Junnin facts for kids
|Emperor of Japan|
|Died||10 November 765|
|Place of death||Awaji Island (Hyōgo)|
|Buried||Awaji no misasagi (Hyōgo)|
He was the seventh son of Prince Toneri, a son of Emperor Temmu. His father died when he was at the age of three, and he was given no rank nor office of the court.
In the older Japanese documents, he was often referred as the "unthroned emperor" (廃帝 Haitei).
Events of Junnin's life
His fate was changed in 757 when Empress Kōken named him as her heir (crown prince).
- 7 September 758 (Tenpyō-shōhō 2, 1st day of the 8th month): In the 10th year of Kōken's reign, the empress abdicated. The succession (senso) was received by her adopted son. Then Emperor Jimmu is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 760 (Tenpyō-hōji 4): New coins were minted.
- 764 (Tenpyō-hōji 8): Junnnin was sent in exile to Awaji.
- 10 November 765 (Tenpyō-jingo 1, 23rd Day of the 10th Month): Former Emperor Junnin died in exile.
Junnin caused grain storage centers (Jōheisō) to be established in the provinces. The government stored rice from the years of good harvests. This rice was used to control higher prices when harvests of rice were not good. The Jōheisō were abolished during the Kamakura period.
After his death
In 1870, Emperor Meiji conferred the posthumous name and title by which he is now known.
Era of Junnin's reign
The years of Junnin's reign are identified by a single era name.
- Tenpyō-hōji (758-765)
Emperor Junnin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.