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George Douglas Wise
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1895
Preceded by Edmund Waddill, Jr.
Succeeded by Tazewell Ellett
In office
March 4, 1881 – April 10, 1890
Preceded by Joseph E. Johnston
Succeeded by Edmund Waddill, Jr.
Chairman of the House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce
In office
March 28, 1892 – March 3, 1895
Preceded by Roger Quarles Mills
Succeeded by William Peters Hepburn
Chairman of the House Committee on Manufactures
In office
March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889
Preceded by John Holroyd Bagley, Jr.
Succeeded by Henry Bacon
Personal details
Born June 4, 1831
Deep Creek, Accomack County, Virginia
Died February 4, 1908(1908-02-04) (aged 76)
Richmond, Virginia
Resting place Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Indiana University
College of William and Mary
Profession lawyer
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Branch/service  Confederate States of America Army
Rank Confederate States of America Captain.png Captain
Battles/wars American Civil War

George Douglas Wise (June 4, 1831 – February 4, 1908) was a U.S. Representative from Virginia, cousin of John Sergeant Wise and Richard Alsop Wise and nephew of Henry Alexander Wise.


The son of Tully Robinson and Margaret Douglas Pettitt (Wise) Wise, he was born at "Deep Creek," the Wise estate in Accomack County, near Onancock, Virginia, Wise was graduated from Indiana University at Bloomington. He studied law in the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia. He was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Richmond, Virginia. He served as captain in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. He was Commonwealth's attorney of the city of Richmond from 1870 to 1889, when he resigned.

Wise was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-seventh and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1889). He served as chairman of the Committee on Manufactures (Forty-ninth Congress). Presented credentials as a Member-elect to the Fifty-first Congress and served from March 4, 1889, to April 10, 1890, when he was succeeded by Edmund Waddill, Jr., who contested his election.

Wise embraced ideas of a master race, once telling the House of Representatives that "if I could I would not have the mingling of Caucasian blood with that of any inferior race." He referred to Chinese immigrants as "this indigestible mass . . . inferior in mental and moral qualities . . . a continual menace to the existence of republican institutions.”

Wise was elected to the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses (March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1895). He served as chairman of the committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses). Wise was a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901-1902. He died in Richmond, Virginia, February 4, 1908. He was interred in Hollywood Cemetery.

Electoral History

  • 1880; Wise was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives with 55.94% of the vote, defeating Readjuster John Sergeant Wise and Republican H.L. Pelonze.
  • 1882; Wise was re-elected with 57.12% of the vote, defeating Readjuster John Ambler Smith.
  • 1884; Wise was re-elected with 52.4% of the vote, defeating Republican Robert T. Hubbard.
  • 1886; Wise was re-elected with 52.73% of the vote, defeating Republican Edmund Waddill, Jr.
  • 1888; Wise was re-elected with 50.42% of the vote, however the results were contested and Republican Waddill, Jr. was seated.
  • 1890; Wise was re-elected unopposed.
  • 1892; Wise was re-elected with 63.94% of the vote, defeating Republican Walter E. Grant.
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