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Geuda Springs, Kansas facts for kids

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Geuda Springs, Kansas
Location within Sumner County and Kansas
Location within Sumner County and Kansas
KDOT map of Sumner County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
Counties Cowley, Sumner
Founded 1870s
Incorporated 1884
Named for Nearby mineral spring
 • Total 0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)
 • Land 0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,112 ft (339 m)
 • Total 158
 • Density 465/sq mi (179.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-26200
GNIS ID 470066

Geuda Springs is a city in Cowley and Sumner counties in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 158.


Stouffer's Railroad Map of Kansas 1915-1918 Sumner County
1915 Railroad Map of Sumner County

On the line between Cowley and Sumner counties is a remarkable group of salt springs that put out 100 to 450 gallons each per hour and have been known since the earliest settlement of that section. These springs are on a branch of the St. Louis & San Francisco railroad, a little to the north of the town of Geuda Springs and about 7 miles (11 km) from Arkansas City. The waters from these springs infiltrate the waters of the nearby creeks. A lake formed by the creek near these springs has been greatly enlarged by damming the creek and now covers about 50 acres (200,000 m2), making it the largest body of salt water in the state. Geuda is said to be an Indian word, Ge-u-da, meaning healing springs, and the place must have been a well known stopping place with the Indians. Many improvements were made at the springs during the latter 1880's, including a bath-house and hotel, lake improvements, and new automobile access. Much of the water has been bottled and shipped to points in Kansas and adjoining states. About 1890, a dam with a flume outlet was built across the salt marsh just north of the springs, which filled the marsh with water and created a lake large enough for recreational boating.

Later in the 1900s, the population of Geuda Springs slowly declined. During the 1950s, Geuda Springs had a bar which featured slot machines, dancing and music. A volunteer fire department exists to protect the town and the surrounding area but primary fire protection is provided by Arkansas City. In the 1990s, a new community center was built for the residents. It is surrounded by homes over 80 years of age and an old church building. Geuda Springs has a cemetery to the northwest of town with tombstones dating to the 1870s. One notable gunfighter Luke Short, died in Geuda Springs in 1893 of congestive heart failure.


Geuda Springs is located at 37°6′44″N 97°9′3″W / 37.11222°N 97.15083°W / 37.11222; -97.15083 (37.112264, -97.150870). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.35 square miles (0.91 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 355
1900 218 −38.6%
1910 254 16.5%
1920 266 4.7%
1930 340 27.8%
1940 275 −19.1%
1950 245 −10.9%
1960 223 −9.0%
1970 223 0.0%
1980 217 −2.7%
1990 219 0.9%
2000 212 −3.2%
2010 185 −12.7%
2020 158 −14.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 185 people, 77 households, and 47 families living in the city. The population density was 528.6 inhabitants per square mile (204.1/km2). There were 88 housing units at an average density of 251.4 per square mile (97.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.8% White, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Pacific Islander, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 77 households, of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.0% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.5% male and 46.5% female.


The community is served by Oxford USD 358 public school district.

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