Giant kahawai facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsGiant kahawai
Arripis xylabion, the giant kahawai, northern kahawai or Kermadec kahawai, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, one of the four species in the genus Arripis, which is the only genus in the family Arripidae. It is endemic to the south-western Pacific Ocean.
Arripis xylabion is similar to the two "Australian salmon" species and like them it has a streamlined, elongate and slightly compressed body. The differences are that A xylabion has a longer caudal fin which is longer than the fish's head. It also has a different gill raker count from the "salmons", A. xylabion has a count of 12-17 +20-25 while A. truttacea has 7-11 + 16-17 and A. trutta has 16-18 +28-32. A. xylabion also has a larger eye than the other two species. The colouration is deep bluish-green on the head and body to deep-blue marked with irregular dark grey spots dorsally and having silvery white underparts. The pectoral fins are grey and the other fins are translucent to grey. The juveniles have a dark margin on their anal fin. The long dorsal fin has 9 spines and 15-16 soft rays while the anal fin has 3 rays and 9-10 soft rays. This species has attained a maximum recorded standard length of 85 centimetres (33 in).
Habitat and biology
Taxonomy and etymology
Arripis xylabion was first described in 1993 by Chris D. Paulin with the type locality given as Raoul Island in the Kermadec Islands. The specific name xylabion is Greek and means "fire-tongs" and refers to the long tail lobes of this species.
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