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Gouverneur, New York
Map highlighting Gouverneur's location within St. Lawrence County.
Map highlighting Gouverneur's location within St. Lawrence County.
Gouverneur, New York is located in New York
Gouverneur, New York
Gouverneur, New York
Location in New York
Country United States
State New York
County St. Lawrence
 • Total 2.28 sq mi (5.90 km2)
 • Land 2.19 sq mi (5.68 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
440 ft (134 m)
 • Total 7,085
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,673.21/sq mi (645.90/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code 36-29597
GNIS feature ID 0976353

Gouverneur (pronounced GUH-vuh-nor) is a town in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States. The population was 7,085 at the 2010 census. The town is named after statesman and landowner Gouverneur Morris.

The Town of Gouverneur contains a village named Gouverneur. The town is near the southwestern border of St. Lawrence County and is southwest of Canton, the county seat.


The region was first settled around 1805.

The Town of Gouverneur was formed in 1810 from part of the Town of Oswegatchie (previously an area called "Town of Cambrai").

In 1850, the community of Gouverneur set itself off from the town by incorporating as a village.

The town economy was based in part on mining marble, talc, and zinc.

The United States Post Office was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 72.4 square miles (187.6 km²), of which, 71.5 square miles (185.3 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²) of it (1.24%) is water.

The Oswegatchie River flows through the town in two directions, westward in the south and eastward in the north.

U.S. Route 11, New York State Route 58, and New York State Route 812 converge at Gouverneur village. NY-58 and NY-812 are conjoined southwest of the village, and US-11 and NY-812 are conjoined northeast of the village. Due to the low area population and relatively little through traffic, the area's highways and the Gouverneur Town Court are not that busy.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 765
1830 1,552 102.9%
1840 2,538 63.5%
1850 2,783 9.7%
1860 3,201 15.0%
1870 3,539 10.6%
1880 4,165 17.7%
1890 5,851 40.5%
1900 5,915 1.1%
1910 6,020 1.8%
1920 5,762 −4.3%
1930 5,512 −4.3%
1940 5,900 7.0%
1950 6,506 10.3%
1960 6,757 3.9%
1970 6,710 −0.7%
1980 6,629 −1.2%
1990 6,985 5.4%
2000 7,418 6.2%
2010 7,085 −4.5%
2019 (est.) 3,666 −48.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,418 people, 2,484 households, and 1,674 families residing in the town. The population density was 103.7 people per square mile (40.0/km2). There were 2,724 housing units at an average density of 38.1 per square mile (14.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 85.43% White, 9.46% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 2.95% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.86% of the population.

There were 2,484 households, out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 24.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 124.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 129.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,701, and the median income for a family was $31,212. Males had a median income of $31,280 versus $19,394 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,820. About 18.9% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Gouverneur

  • Elmdale – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on NY-58 and the Oswegatchie River.
  • Gouverneur – The Village of Gouverneur is on US-11 at the Oswegatchie River near the eastern town line.
  • Halls Corners – A hamlet in the northern part of the town, south of North Gouverneur.
  • Little Bow – A hamlet northwest of Gouverneur village.
  • Natural Dam – A hamlet on NY-58 west of Gouverneur village, where Gouverneur Morris once had a summer home. The name arose due to a large rock, partially blocking the Oswegatchie River.
  • North Gouverneur – A hamlet in the north part of the town west of County Road 11.
  • Reservoir Hill – An elevation by the town line east of Gouverneur village.
  • Staplin Corners – A hamlet in the north part of the town, north of North Gouverneur.

Notable people

  • Phil Hanlon (b. 1955), mathematician and current president of Dartmouth College
  • Brian Leonard (b. 1984), former running back for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
  • Steve Moses (b. 1992), Big Brother 17 winner
  • Edward John Noble (1882–1958), developer and marketer of Life Savers
  • Thomas Lee Pangle (b. 1944), political scientist
  • William R. Rowley (1824–1886), American Civil War general
  • Tudi Wiggins (1935–2006), Canadian actress in daytime TV dramas
  • James Franklin Wiley, member of the Wisconsin State Senate
  • Ella May Smith, (1860–1934), pianist and writer
  • Paul Hoffman, (1964-1968), Resided in the Gouverneur Museum

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Gouverneur para niños

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