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Gouverneur, New York
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Country United States
State New York
County St. Lawrence
 • Total 2.2 sq mi (5.7 km2)
 • Land 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
440 ft (134 m)
 • Total 3,948
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code 36-29597
GNIS feature ID 0976353

Gouverneur (pronounced GU-ver-neer) is a village in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States. The population was 3,949 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Gouverneur Morris, one of the authors of the Constitution of the United States, as well as a prominent landowner and part-time resident of the area.

The Village of Gouverneur is in the Town of Gouverneur in the southeastern part of both the town and the county.

The community is called the "Marble Village" because of the many structures made from marble and the importance of marble in the early economy.


Gouverneur Morris, his relative Samuel Ogden, and partner William Constable were all early landowners in northern New York, and Morris established a summer home in the town. Mining the local marble was one of the first big industries in the area. Later, mining talc and zinc became important.

The Village of Gouverneur was incorporated in 1850.

The First Presbyterian Church Complex was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2015.

Notable residents

Edward John Noble, developer and marketer of the Life Savers candy treat. Edward J Noble was born in Gouverneur and educated in the public schools. He also attended Syracuse University and graduated from Yale in 1905. He also was part of the Seaway project and was appointed to the advisory board by president Dwight Eisenhower in 1952. He also at one time owned Boldt Castle in Alexandria Bay New York. Also in 1913 he was the co-founder of the life saver. There are three hospitals named in his honor and a foundation. Noble died very peacefully in his sleep in 1958. The ornamental street lights in the village park are all that remain of the gift of the new street lights that were given to the village by Edward and his brother. The lights are in memory of their father.

Thomas Pangle, who holds the Joe R. Long Chair in Democratic Studies at the University of Texas, is a famous educator, and the author of many books.

Burt Orrin Kinney, founder of Kinney Drugs.

Brian Leonard, is an American football player for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and a former athlete from Rutgers University. He was the Scarlet Knights' three-year star, earning numerous awards for his play in the Big East Conference. Leonard is renowned for his athleticism due to his size, hands, speed, as well as his leadership, unselfish play and high character. He is well known for jumping over would-be tacklers. This trademark hurdle has been dubbed the "Leonard Leap".


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km²), of which 2.1 square miles (5.5 km²) are land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km²) (2.74%) is water.

U.S. Route 11 passes through the village, where it converges with New York State Route 58 and New York State Route 812. County Road 11 leads into the village from the north, and County Road 12 leads in from the west.

The Oswegatchie River flows westward through the village.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,627
1880 2,071 27.3%
1890 3,458 67.0%
1900 3,689 6.7%
1910 4,128 11.9%
1920 4,143 0.4%
1930 4,015 −3.1%
1940 4,478 11.5%
1950 4,916 9.8%
1960 4,946 0.6%
1970 4,574 −7.5%
1980 4,285 −6.3%
1990 4,604 7.4%
2000 4,263 −7.4%
2010 3,949 −7.4%
2018 (est.) 3,690 −6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,263 people, 1,667 households, and 1,093 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,004.4 people per square mile (772.7/km2). There were 1,815 housing units at an average density of 853.4 per square mile (329.0/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 94.39% White, 1.78% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.28% of the population.

There were 1,667 households, out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $25,174, and the median income for a family was $29,192. Males had a median income of $31,768 versus $20,064 for females. The per capita income for the village was $12,482. About 17.6% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Kinney Drugs

The headquarters of Kinney Drugs is located in Gouverneur, along with Store #1, Store #34, the distribution center, and the Health Direct Services store. Store #1 used to be located beneath corporate headquarters at 29 E. Main Street, but was moved to the former Rite-Aid store at 17 Clinton Street after it closed. Kinney Drugs is a major employer in the village, and the original store is still an important aspect of its business district.

Notable residents

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