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Groesbeck, Texas
Downtown Groesbeck Wiki (1 of 1).jpg
The Friendly City
Location of Groesbeck, Texas
Location of Groesbeck, Texas
Limestone County Groesbeck.svg
Country United States
State Texas
County Limestone
 • Total 4.37 sq mi (11.33 km2)
 • Land 4.34 sq mi (11.24 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.09 km2)
479 ft (146 m)
 • Total 4,328
 • Estimate 
 • Density 980.18/sq mi (378.44/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 254
FIPS code 48-31280
GNIS feature ID 1358461

Groesbeck is a city in and the county seat of Limestone County, Texas, United States. Its population was 4,328 at the 2010 census. The community is named after a railroad employee.


The city of Groesbeck was dedicated as a township by Houston and Texas Central Railroad in 1869. It was named for Abram Groesbeeck, a railroad director. The difference in spelling between the person and town is a result of the Post Office directives for simpler spelling. Development of its city government began in 1871. Groesbeck became the county seat of Limestone county in 1873 and is home to the "Million Dollar Courthouse." Old Fort Parker Historical Site] on north side of Groesbeck is preserved to tell the story of Cynthia Ann Parker, who was captured by Comanches, and became the mother of Quannah Parker the last Comanche chief.


Groesbeck is located at 31°31′22″N 96°31′56″W / 31.52278°N 96.53222°W / 31.52278; -96.53222 (31.522907, -96.532125).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2), of which, 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) of it is land and 0.27% is water.

The community is located at the junction of State Highways 14 and 164.

Groesbeck is the closest town to historic Old Fort Parker. The Fort holds an annual Christmas event at the site of old Fort Parker every December. The original fort has been re-built on the original site to exact specifications.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 402
1890 663 64.9%
1900 1,462 120.5%
1910 1,454 −0.5%
1920 1,522 4.7%
1930 2,059 35.3%
1940 2,272 10.3%
1950 2,182 −4.0%
1960 2,498 14.5%
1970 2,396 −4.1%
1980 3,373 40.8%
1990 3,185 −5.6%
2000 4,291 34.7%
2010 4,328 0.9%
2019 (est.) 4,253 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

At the 2010 census, 4,328 people, 1,286 households, and 864 families lived in the city. The population density was 989 people/sq mi (382/km2). The 1,473 housing units averaged 336.8/s mi (130/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 65.36% White, 20.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.03% Asian, 11.3% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 20.9%.

Of the 1,286 households, 32.6% had children under 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were not families. About 29.2% of households were one person and 13% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.6, and the average family size was 3.25.

The age distribution in the city was 24.6% under 18, 8.4% from 19 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% 65 or older. The median age was 34.4 years.


The city of Groesbeck has one public library, Maffett Memorial Library. The Maffett Memorial Public Library is located at 601 W. Yeagua St., also known as Hwy. 164.


The city of Groesbeck is served by the Groesbeck Independent School District, which includes five different schools: Preschool, H.O.Whitehurst,Enge Washington, Groesbeck Middle School, and [Groesbeck High School].

Notable people

  • Joe Don Baker, actor, was born in Groesbeck in 1936
  • Larry Dossey, physician, was born Groesbeck in 1940
  • Clay Hammond, R&B singer and songwriter, was born in Groesbeck in 1936
  • Lenoy Jones, a National Football League (NFL) player, played for Groesbeck High School
  • Garland Roark, author (Wake of the Red Witch)
  • Kenneth Sims, first overall selection in the 1982 NFL Draft, inducted into College Football Hall of Fame Class of 2021, played for Groesbeck High School
  • Frankie Smith, an NFL player, played for Groesbeck High School
  • John Westbrook was the first African American to play football in the Southwest Conference; he was born in Groesbeck in 1947

See also

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