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Guilford, Maine
19 Guilford, Maine.jpg
Location in Piscataquis County and the state of Maine.
Location in Piscataquis County and the state of Maine.
Country United States
State Maine
County Piscataquis
Area
 • Total 35.71 sq mi (92.49 km2)
 • Land 34.88 sq mi (90.34 km2)
 • Water 0.83 sq mi (2.15 km2)
Elevation
400 ft (100 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,521
 • Estimate 
(2012)
1,508
 • Density 43.6/sq mi (16.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04443
Area code(s) 207
GNIS feature ID 582504
Website townofguilford.com

Guilford is a town in Piscataquis County, Maine, United States. The town is located on the Piscataquis River and was first settled in 1806. The population was 1,521 at the 2010 census.

History

In 1803, Rev. Robert Low and Deacon Robert Herring of New Gloucester purchased several thousand acres in the area from Bowdoin College. The town itself was first settled on February 18, 1806. On October 8, 1812, a warrant was issued for the tract to be designated a "plantation," which became effective on November 11, 1806. The town was officially incorporated by the governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on February 8, 1816. It was named after Moses Guilford Low, the first white child born here.

The town served as the birthplace of Guilford of Maine, currently one of the world's largest producers of panel cloth.

Masonic Hall Guilford Maine
Masonic hall, Guilford, 1916, later demolished

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.71 square miles (92.49 km2), of which, 34.88 square miles (90.34 km2) of it is land and 0.83 square miles (2.15 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 325
1830 655 101.5%
1840 892 36.2%
1850 834 −6.5%
1860 837 0.4%
1870 818 −2.3%
1880 881 7.7%
1890 1,023 16.1%
1900 1,544 50.9%
1910 1,680 8.8%
1920 1,687 0.4%
1930 1,735 2.8%
1940 1,752 1.0%
1950 1,842 5.1%
1960 1,880 2.1%
1970 1,694 −9.9%
1980 1,793 5.8%
1990 1,710 −4.6%
2000 1,531 −10.5%
2010 1,521 −0.7%
2014 (est.) 1,494 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: Guilford (CDP), Maine

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,521 people, 693 households, and 426 families living in the town. The population density was 43.6 inhabitants per square mile (16.8/km2). There were 882 housing units at an average density of 25.3 per square mile (9.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.9% White, 0.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 693 households, of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.5% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.70.

The median age in the town was 46.3 years. 19.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 30.4% were from 45 to 64; and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

In popular culture

Guilford is an important setting in the science fiction novels Supervolcano Trilogy by Harry Turtledove.

Education

Guilford is part of Maine School Administrative District #4.

The two schools in the district are Piscataquis Community Middle School and Piscataquis Community High School.

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