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Hanna Maron
Hanna Maron.jpg
Maron during a rehearsal in 1957
Hanna Meierzak

(1923-11-22)22 November 1923
Died 30 May 2014(2014-05-30) (aged 90)
Occupation Actress and theater personality
Years active 1927–2014
Spouse(s) 1. Yossi Yadin;
2. Itzhak Yashar;
3. Yaakov Rechter
Children Dafna Rechter, Amnon Rechter
Yossi Yadin - Sol Hurok - Hanna Maron1954
Hanna Maron (right) with Yossi Yadin (left) and Sol Hurok (middle), 1954

Hanna Maron (Hebrew: חנה מרון; 22 November 1923 – 30 May 2014) was a German-born Israeli actress, comedian and theater personality. She held the world record for the longest career in theater.

Life and career

Flickr - Government Press Office (GPO) - Actress Hanna Meron Demonstration
Hanna Meron demonstrates against the proprietors of the Mugrabi movie theater in Tel Aviv, 1950

Hanna Meierzak was born in Berlin, Germany on 22 November 1923. As a child, she appeared in several plays, films, and radio plays. In 1931 she appeared uncredited in Fritz Lang's M. She attended a Montessori school where she learned French. In 1932, she spent a year in Paris. In 1933, following the Nazi Party's rise to power, she immigrated with her family to Mandate Palestine.

In 1940, she joined Habimah. During World War II, she volunteered for the Auxiliary Territorial Service of the British army, serving two years before joining the Jewish Brigade's entertainment troupe. In 1945 she joined the Cameri Theater in Tel Aviv. As a member of the repertory committee, she helped shape the company's repertoire, including new works by Israeli dramatists. Early on, she appeared in supporting roles, but after her success as Mika in He Walked in the Fields by Moshe Shamir, she became one of Israel's leading actresses.

She married a fellow actor, Yossi Yadin (son of the archaeologist Eleazar Sukenik and brother of the Israeli Chief of Staff Yigael Yadin). They were together for six years. Among her better known roles were in Pygmalion, The Glass Menagerie and Hello, Dolly!, as well as several plays by Nathan Alterman.

On 10 February 1970, the airport bus transport to her London-bound El Al flight at the Munich-Riem Airport was attacked by Palestinian terrorists. Sustaining serious injuries in a grenade attack, her leg had to be amputated, but she resumed her acting career a year later. She remained a peace activist.

She starred in the films Aunt Clara (1977), The Vulture (1981) and Dead End Street (1982). From 1983 to 1986 she starred in the Israeli sitcom Krovim, Krovim ("Near Ones, Dear Ones"). In 2000 she initiated and founded the Herzliya Theater Ensemble. She directed and participated in an evening of Alterman poems, and on an evening of Bertolt Brecht's works. In late 2003, she returned to the Cameri to play in a comedy. In 2004 she starred in a theater event that reenacted an IDF refuseniks' trial.

She was married to architect Yaakov Rechter, with whom she had three children: Amnon, an architect, Ofra, a philosopher, and Dafna, an actress. Hanna Maron died in Tel-Aviv, Israel on 30 May 2014, aged 90.

Awards and honours

Flickr - Government Press Office (GPO) - ACTRESSES HANA MERON AND ORNA PORAT
Hanna Maron and Orna Porat, 1949
  • In 1973, Maron was awarded the Israel Prize in theatre.
  • In 1994, she received an honorary doctorate from Tel Aviv University.
  • In 2007, she received an honorary doctorate from Ben-Gurion University.
  • Ynet dubbed her "The first lady of Israeli theater".
  • She was cited as an inspiration by many Israeli actors, including Yehoram Gaon and Gila Almagor.

See also

  • List of Israel Prize recipients
Women's History Month on Kiddle
Women Scientists of Antiquity
Mary the Jewess
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