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Hermosa, South Dakota

okíčhize wakpá otȟúŋwahe
Location in Custer County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Custer County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°50′20″N 103°11′38″W / 43.83889°N 103.19389°W / 43.83889; -103.19389Coordinates: 43°50′20″N 103°11′38″W / 43.83889°N 103.19389°W / 43.83889; -103.19389
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Custer
Founded 1886
Area
 • Total 0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)
 • Land 0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
3,327 ft (1,014 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 398
 • Estimate 
(2019)
425
 • Density 883.58/sq mi (341.48/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
Zip Code
57744
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-28300
GNIS feature ID 1265246

Hermosa (Lakota: okíčhize wakpá otȟúŋwahe; "battle river village") is a town in near the northern edge of Custer County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 398 at the 2010 census.

History

Hermosa was platted in 1886. The name Hermosa is of Spanish origin meaning "beautiful". A post office has been in operation in Hermosa since 1886.

Geography

Hermosa is located at 43°50′20″N 103°11′38″W / 43.83889°N 103.19389°W / 43.83889; -103.19389 (43.838786, -103.193978).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.48 square miles (1.24 km2), all of it land.

Hermosa has been assigned the ZIP code 57744 and the FIPS place code 28300.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 172
1900 77 −55.2%
1910 114 48.1%
1920 74 −35.1%
1930 128 73.0%
1940 121 −5.5%
1950 123 1.7%
1960 126 2.4%
1970 150 19.0%
1980 251 67.3%
1990 242 −3.6%
2000 315 30.2%
2010 398 26.3%
2019 (est.) 425 6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 398 people, 158 households, and 110 families living in the town. The population density was 829.2 inhabitants per square mile (320.2/km2). There were 183 housing units at an average density of 381.3 per square mile (147.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 88.7% White, 3.8% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 5.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population.

There were 158 households, of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.4% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the town was 36.8 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 29.3% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.

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