Custer County, South Dakota facts for kids

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Custer County, South Dakota
Map
Map of South Dakota highlighting Custer County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the USA highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1877
Seat Custer
Largest City Custer
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,559 sq mi (4,038 km²)
1,557 sq mi (4,033 km²)
2.1 sq mi (5 km²), 0.1%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

8,446
5.3/sq mi (2/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website: http://www.custercountysd.com/
Named for: George Armstrong Custer

Custer County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,216. Its county seat is Custer. The county was created in 1875 and organized in 1877.

Custer County is included in the Rapid City, SD Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,559 square miles (4,040 km2), of which 1,557 square miles (4,030 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.1%) is water. Wind Cave National Park is located within the county, as is Jewel Cave National Monument. South Dakota's own Custer State Park is also located in the county.

Major highways

  • US 16.svg U.S. Highway 16
  • US 385.svg U.S. Highway 385
  • US 16A.svg U.S. Highway 16A
  • SD 36.svg South Dakota Highway 36
  • SD 40.svg South Dakota Highway 40
  • SD 79.svg South Dakota Highway 79
  • SD 87.svg South Dakota Highway 87
  • SD 89.svg South Dakota Highway 89

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Black Hills National Forest (part)
  • Buffalo Gap National Grassland (part)
  • Jewel Cave National Monument
  • Wind Cave National Park

State protected area

  • Custer State Park

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 995
1890 4,891 391.6%
1900 2,728 −44.2%
1910 4,458 63.4%
1920 3,907 −12.4%
1930 5,353 37.0%
1940 6,023 12.5%
1950 5,517 −8.4%
1960 4,906 −11.1%
1970 4,698 −4.2%
1980 6,000 27.7%
1990 6,179 3.0%
2000 7,275 17.7%
2010 8,216 12.9%
Est. 2016 8,596 4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,275 people, 2,970 households, and 2,067 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.17% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 3.12% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.2% were of German, 9.8% Irish, 9.2% English, 7.1% Norwegian and 5.7% American ancestry.

There were 2,970 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 22.40% from 25 to 44, 31.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 104.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,303, and the median income for a family was $43,628. Males had a median income of $30,475 versus $20,781 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,945. About 6.20% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.00% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,216 people, 3,636 households, and 2,427 families residing in the county. The population density was 5.3 inhabitants per square mile (2.0/km2). There were 4,628 housing units at an average density of 3.0 per square mile (1.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.2% white, 2.9% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 42.1% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 11.4% were English, 10.8% were Norwegian, and 7.9% were American.

Of the 3,636 households, 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.65. The median age was 50.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,743 and the median income for a family was $58,253. Males had a median income of $39,194 versus $29,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,353. About 4.3% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

The county is divided into two areas of territory:

  • East of Custer State Park
  • West of Custer State Park

Custer County, South Dakota Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.