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Historic Core, Los Angeles facts for kids

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Historic Core
Neighborhood of Los Angeles
The iron-wrought interior of the Bradbury Building located on Broadway and 3rd St.
The iron-wrought interior of the Bradbury Building located on Broadway and 3rd St.
Country  United States
State  California
County Los Angeles County
City  Los Angeles
Named 1990s
Zip code
Streets 3rd Street, 4th Street, Broadway, Hill Street, Main Street, Olympic Boulevard, Spring Street
Los Angeles County Metro Rail Purple Line, Red Line
LA Eastern Columbia Building
The Eastern Columbia Building: the Entrance to the Historic Core and the Jewel of Downtown

The Historic Core is a neighborhood in Downtown Los Angeles between Hill Street on the West, Los Angeles Street on the East, Third Street on the North, and Olympic Boulevard on the South. It overlaps with the Jewelry District on its western end and Skid Row on its eastern end.


The Historic Core was the center of the city before World War II. With the general decline of downtown after World War II, and the movement of all financial institutions several blocks to the west, ending up on Figueroa Street, Flower Street, and Grand Avenue, the area suffered. In the 1950s it became the center of Latino entertainment in the city, e.g.: the Million Dollar Theatre featured the biggest names in the Spanish language entertainment world. This paralleled the general white flight occurring in Downtown Los Angeles at the time, which saw Broadway become a major center for Latino life in the city.

The Orpheum Theatre recently underwent a complete restoration at a cost of several million dollars, and is now used for major movie premieres (such as "Collateral" in 2005), celebrity events (Michael Jackson's birthday party), comedy shows (Kathy Griffin), fashion shows, concerts and plays. Most of the older buildings have stores that cater to the Latino immigrant working class.


In 1999, the Los Angeles City Council passed an Adaptive Re-Use Ordinance, allowing for the conversion of old, unused office buildings to apartments or "lofts." Developer Tom Gilmore purchased a series of century-old buildings and converted them into lofts near Main and Spring streets, a development now known as the "Old Bank District." Other notable redevelopment projects in the Historic Core have included the Eastern Columbia Building, Broadway Trade Center, Higgins Building, The Security Building, the Pacific Electric Building, The Judson, and the Subway Terminal Building. As of 2005, redevelopment projects in downtown Los Angeles have been divided about evenly between rentals and condominiums; though projects near the Staples Center arena in the South Park neighborhood have been overwhelmingly dedicated to condominiums.

The Eastern Columbia Building is widely considered the greatest surviving example of Art Deco architecture in the city.

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