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Jōkyō facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Jōkyō (貞享) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Tenna and before Genroku. This period started in February 1684 and ended in September 1688. During this time, the emperors were Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇) and Higashiyama-tennō (東山天皇).

Events of the Jōkyō era

The new era of Jōkyō gannen (貞享元年) was created by the Imperial court. After 1684, the power to create a calendar shifted to the shogunate. The Tokugawa astrology bureau developed a calendar which was independent of Chinese almanacs.

  • 1684 (Jōkyō 1): A fire burned the Imperial palace to ashes; and the reconstruction took a year.
Chikamatsu Monzaemon by Hozumi Ikan
In the 1st year of Jōkyō, Chikamatsu Monzaemon began writing plays
  • 1684 (Jōkyō 1): Chikamatsu Monzaemon began to write plays for the kabuki audience in Heian-kyō.
  • 26 March 1685 (Jōkyō 2, 22nd day of the 2nd month): The former Emperor Go-Sai died; and a large comet appeared in the night sky.
  • 1689 (Jōkyō 6'): Calendar with seven-day week.

Related pages

  • National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection

Jōkyō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
1684 1685 1686 1687 1688
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:
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Jōkyō Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.