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Jairus C. Fairchild
Jairus C Fairchild.png
1st State Treasurer of Wisconsin
In office
June 7, 1848 – January 5, 1852
Governor Nelson Dewey
Preceded by Position Established
Succeeded by Edward H. Janssen
1st Mayor of Madison, Wisconsin
In office
April 7, 1856 – April 6, 1857
Preceded by Peter Van Bergen
(as Village President)
Succeeded by Augustus A. Bird
Personal details
Jairus Cassius Fairchild

(1801-12-27)December 27, 1801
Granville, New York, U.S.
Died July 18, 1862(1862-07-18) (aged 60)
Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.
Resting place Forest Hill Cemetery
Madison, Wisconsin
Political party Democratic
  • Sally (Blair) Fairchild
  • (m. 1826; died 1866)
  • Sarah (Dean) (Conover)
  • (b. 1827; died 1912)
  • James Blair Fairchild
  • (b. 1828; died 1832)
  • Cassius Fairchild
  • (b. 1829; died 1868)
  • Lucius Fairchild
  • (b. 1831; died 1896)
  • Charles Fairchild
  • (b. 1838; died 1910)
  • Sueton Fairchild (father)
  • Lucy (Hubble) Fairchild (mother)
Profession politician, businessman

Jairus Cassius Fairchild (December 27, 1801 – July 18, 1862) was an American Democratic politician and businessman. He was the first State Treasurer of Wisconsin and the first Mayor of Madison, Wisconsin. He was the father of Wisconsin's tenth governor, Lucius Fairchild. In historical documents, he is often referred to as "J. C. Fairchild" and his first name is sometimes misspelled "Jarius".

Early life

Fairchild was born in Granville, New York, the son of Lucy (Hubble) and Sueton Fairchild. He moved to Hudson, Ohio, where he was a merchant. In 1827, he settled in Franklin Mills, Ohio, where he built the first brick house in Franklin Township and operated a tannery. He relocated to Cleveland around 1834. He then moved to the Wisconsin Territory, first to Milwaukee, in 1845, and then to Madison, with his family arriving in June 1846.


Fairchild had business interests in cranberries and the lumber industry and was president of the Watertown-Madison Railroad Company. In the referendum to ratify the Wisconsin Constitution in 1848, a concurrent election took place to choose the first state officers. In that election, Fairchild was elected as the first State Treasurer. He was re-elected in 1849 and left office in January 1852. In 1856, after Madison was incorporated as a city, Fairchild was elected the first Mayor of that city.

In the 1857 Wisconsin gubernatorial election, he was a candidate for Governor at the Wisconsin Democratic Party Convention, but lost the nomination to James B. Cross.

Family and personal life

Jairus Fairchild married Sally Blair in the spring of 1826. They had five children together, with four surviving to adulthood. The first four children were born in Franklin Mills, Ohio, between 1827 and 1831. Their fifth child, Charles, was born in Cleveland in 1838.

His daughter Sarah married and divorced Madison businessman Eliab B. Dean, Jr. She later married University of Wisconsin Professor Obadiah Milton Conover.

His two eldest surviving sons were also active in Wisconsin politics, with Cassius Fairchild serving in the Wisconsin State Assembly and Lucius Fairchild serving as Governor of Wisconsin for three terms, from 1866 to 1872.

All three sons joined the Union cause in the American Civil War, Lucius and Cassius both achieved the rank of Brigadier General, serving with the Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Charles served as a paymaster in the Union Navy.

See also

  • Fairchild family
Women's History Month on Kiddle
Women Scientists of Antiquity
Mary the Jewess
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